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How to Keep Food Safe During an Emergency Caused by Nature

How to Keep Food Safe During an Emergency Caused by Nature

REPORT SUMMARY: Survival Without Food And Water, Likely Disaster In Your Area, Hurricane Strikes Since 1950, Measures Against Hurricanes, Assembling An Emergency Food Supply, The Aftermath Of The Disaster, Prepare Food Without Power & More.

An emergency caused by nature may be defined as a set of circumstances created by nature that poses a serious and immediate threat to your life, well being, possessions or environment. Almost all such emergencies call for urgent intervention and assistance to prevent the situation getting out of hand. Regrettably, there will be situations when mitigation is not possible; all that can be offered in such a situation will be palliative care to forestall the ill effects that ensue as the aftermath.

In the USA, common emergencies caused by nature are violent hurricanes that leave a trail of death and destruction behind them, tornados which have similar consequences but are much smaller in scale when compared to hurricanes, and the unpredictable earthquakes in California caused by the San Andreas Fault.

A flood, fire, national disaster, prolonged heat wave, tsunami, volcano or the loss of power from high winds, snow, or ice can put the safety of your food in jeopardy. Knowing how to establish if the food available is safe to eat and how to keep that food safe for the longest possible period will help reduce the potential loss of food while reducing the risk of disease carried by the food you’re likely to eat.

This article will help you make the right decisions for keeping your family safe during an emergency.

How Long Can You Survive Without Food and Water

The length of time a human can survive without food and water is totally dependent on the conditions obtaining and therefore, is a function of one or a combination of more than one factor. The most important is your will to survive. Going without water or food are two different stories, so they can be examined separately.

Caloric Intake Facts

The average man is 1.75 m (5’9”) tall, weighs 65 kg (156 lbs) and eats 2,400-2600 Kcal (calories) per day. You require about 1,600 residual calories distributed around your body as carbohydrates, fats and proteins when asleep before you wake up next morning to retain your figure. So, when you eat, you are adding to your residual calories, which is fine because your body needs 1,600 base calories for your internal systems to function. You need to shed those 2,400-2,600 calories you ate to stay trim. If you’ve gained 4-500 calories extra after a sumptuous meal, these are very easily shed so you can become trim again. One friendly jog for five minutes will knock off 50 cal. Or, walk up stairs for 10 minutes a day for five days. One full day without food will take 1,500 calories off you. It is a good habit to fast for one day a fortnight and give your digestive system a rest.

A calorie is a calorie, whether it comes from fat or carbohydrate. Any calories eaten in excess can lead to weight gain. You can lose weight by eating fewer calories and by increasing your physical activity. Your brain will adapt to the changed system and reduce your base calorie count to, say, 1,400. An impoverished man has a base value programmed from his early days at, say, 750 calories. His working, eating and drinking revolves around this figure of 750 calories.

Reducing the amount of total fat and saturated fat that you eat is one way to limit your overall calorie intake. In fact, 1 gram of fat equals 9 calories, whereas 1 gram of protein or carbohydrate equals less than half the number of calories (4 calories each). By reducing total fat intake, you help reduce your calorie intake.

Survival Without Food (with water)

Humans have far more stamina than they know and can manage a long period of hunger, provided they are well hydrated. The self-evident factors are your physical fitness, total body weight and type of body mass and the prevailing weather. The answer to this question cannot be derived easily since no two persons are alike. For that matter, prevailing conditions may not be the same either. The factors at play are many in number.

  • Among the factors that determine how long you can go without food, will power, mental health and determination play a definite part. A number of people have gone on hunger strikes for political and religious reasons for a month! There are many cases of people getting lost in the wilderness and given up for dead by rescue teams suddenly reappearing, having survived for a long time without food. Perhaps the best documented example is that of the crash of the Uruguayan Air Force aircraft in the Andes on 13 Oct. 1972 when a passenger aircraft with 45 souls on board crashed and 16 survivors were rescued on 23 Dec. 1972, seventy two days after the accident. The 16 were pushed so hard to survive that they ultimately ate the flesh of their dead co-passengers, friends and colleagues.
  • There is a consensus of opinion that healthy human beings can manage without food for 50-60 days so long as water is available. Exceptions exist and people have survived longer, whereas people have died of starvation in much less time. A healthy body and good physical condition generally helps you to survive longer, as does that extra adipose tissue or body fat. We all know that food eaten is converted into energy required to live. This energy is stored as fat, proteins and carbohydrates. The carbohydrates are used up first when more food is not coming in. The fat goes next, which explains why people with more of it can survive longer. Next go the proteins. This is when the threat factor sets in. If your body is consuming proteins, it is becoming a ‘cannibal’ in that it is eating your core structure, the nucleus of your body.
  • Your metabolism is also involved. Metabolism is the process of converting food ingested into energy. If you can slow down your metabolism, you’ll consume the food you ate at a matching slow rate and be able to go longer without replacing the food energy. If you do not eat food, your metabolism (brain) senses that intake was low and outgo must be adjusted, unless there is a requirement to produce a high performance, much like amateur boxers who need to shed half a kilo just before weigh-in time. The brain is supracomplex and will adjust your metabolism to slow it down – pitching in for survival.
  • Climate is yet another major factor. Both cold and hot weather are detrimental if you lack food to eat, in their own unique ways. Hot weather dehydrates you, cold weather requires more energy to be burned so that your body temperature stays normal at 37° C (98.6° F). In fact, you won’t have the time to starve to death before the solitary reaper claims you as victim. If you’re stranded in mild temperatures, you’ll survive a couple of hours extra without food.

The basic symptoms you will see if you start a starvation diet for an extended period of time are:

  • Weakness
  • Confusion
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Irritability and poor decision making
  • Deficiency in immunity

Advanced starvation has serious repercussions. It will force your organs to shut down one after another. People experiencing severe starvation fall prey to the following:

  • Hallucinations
  • Convulsions and muscle spasms
  • Irregular heartbeat

Survival Without Water

You can survive 2-5 days without water, depending on your build, your location and how much you sweat, urinate, or shed as tears. At any given time, a human is 70 percent water. Your blood is mainly water; your brain is 75 percent water, your muscles are also almost 75 percent water and all joints use water as lubricants. Every single system in your body functions on water. If the body were to lose water and you had the option, just lie down and stop any exertion of any kind, till some person finds you and gives you water to rehydrate.

As a spectator at highly physical matches like hockey, football and tennis, you must have players rehydrating regularly. Even in what is considered a slow game, cricket players start to cramp on a warm day. The standard solution is a 250 cc bottle of water with a spoonful of glucose and salt added.

Survival With Food, but no Water

Returning to the situation when you have food but no water− that food is dangerous. The moment you take a bite, the brain will release fluids (water) to digest it, starting with saliva, gastric fluids (even though they are acids) as well as fluids in the intestines, kidneys, liver, you name it. There have been miracles, no doubt, but that’s what they were, miracles. A 97 year old woman survived 8 days without drinking or eating anything under the rubble of her home after an earthquake occurred in Iran in January 2004. Nearly all newborn babies, later became known as Miracle Babies, were found and rescued after being 7 days under the wreckage of Hospital Juarez in Mexico City earthquake in 1985.

Foods with High Water Content

In addition to the water we drink, approximately a fifth of our fluid intake is acquired through food and vegetables. Many fruits and vegetables contain as much as 90 percent or more water, making them the ideal choice for a meal or even a snack to keep your water intake high. Fruits like coconuts are over 97 percent water; fruits like watermelons, grapefruit, cantaloupes, peaches, other melons, grapes, strawberries, cranberries, orange and raspberries all have 90 percent water or more, though their energy content, except for coconuts, is somewhat low.

The list of vegetables with high water content has cucumber and lettuce, consisting of 96 percent water. Zucchini, radish and celery are comprised of 95 percent water. Ninety-four percent of a tomato’s weight is water, and green cabbage is 93 percent water. Vegetables that contain 92 percent water include cauliflower, eggplant, red cabbage and spinach. Broccoli is 91 percent water by weight.

In a study carried out by the University of Aberdeen Medical School in 2009, it was reported that after completing an intense workout, eating a watermelon or cucumber rehydrated your body twice as effectually as a glass of water. This is because such types of high water content fruits and vegetables replace the natural sugars, vitamins, amino acids and mineral salts lost in the workout and is far more effective than plain water or a sports drinks. Sports drinks combine the hydrating and energy replacing components of most of the fruits and vegetables listed above as high in water content and also have artificial colors and flavors which are, by and large, harmless. The difference lies in the fact that their combination is arbitrary, or generic, designed for the average person. But then, you are you-a discrete human with specific requirements as dictated by the constitution of your body and brain. The consumption of high water content foods is highly advantageous in that they provide a feeling of fullness while transferring minimal calories to your physique.

Preparing for the Likely Disaster in Your Area

You now know how long you can survive:

  • Without food but with water
  • With food but without water
  • Without anything

You are now in a situation where you have a solution. So what is the question? That one question is: Can you and your family survive in an emergency? There are follow up queries too. We know what an emergency means, but are you living in an area prone to emergencies? What is the average American’s chance of facing an emergency? Are reactions to all emergencies the same?

Napa Valley gets struck by the largest earthquake in 25 years. Hurricanes churn through the Atlantic. Floods claim four lives as they sweep through parts of the Northeast. Every region in America faces its own dangers, but when you account for all kinds of natural disasters–from earthquakes to winter storms to tornados–what place is safest of them all? The honor goes to Sweet Grass County, Montana, according to an analysis of more than a half century of weather patterns and destructive natural events across the USA. Sweet Grass is home to 3,000 people who are fortunate enough to live far from wildfires to the west and twister country to the east, not to mention 900 miles from any trouble caused by the sea. Ocean County, New Jersey, is the country’s most dangerous county, when it comes to frequency of natural disasters. Jersey Shore communities in Ocean County are vulnerable to tidal surges and storms like Sandy. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration USA

Figure 2: Safe/Unsafe Counties in the USA

Use the map above to see where your county ranks.  This link will take you to a page on Time Magazine, and you can check out how safe you are on their interactive map.

The Disaster Index

Researchers at Time Magazine have calculated what they call the disaster index. All records were taken from the database maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on earthquakes and tornados from 1950 and 42 other disaster since 1996. Based on their findings, they have listed the Counties listed in Chart 2 as the 15 Most Dangerous Counties in the USA.

RANK

COUNTY

STATE

DISASTER INDEX

POPULATION IN 2010

1

Ocean County

NJ

223.7

576,567

2

Orange County

CA

180.8

3,010,232

3

Cape May County

NJ

174.3

97,265

4

Monmouth County

NJ

173.8

630,380

5

Los Angeles County

CA

171.0

9,818,605

6

Clinton County

NY

156.8

82,128

7

Burlington County

NJ

156.5

448,734

8

San Diego County

CA

155.8

3,095,313

9

Franklin County

NY

152.6

51,599

10

Riverside County

CA

145.7

2,189,641

11

San Bernardino County

CA

145.4

2,035,210

12

Atlantic County

NJ

143.5

274,549

13

Chittenden County

VT

143.3

156,545

14

Grand Isle County

VT

142.3

6,970

15

Camden County

NJ

139.3

513,657

Chart 2: The 15 Most Dangerous Counties in the USA
Source: Time Magazine

Using the same criteria, the following Counties are the safest in the USA

RANK

COUNTY

STATE

DISASTER INDEX

POPULATION IN 2010

1

Sweet Grass County

MT

1.7

3,651

2

Washington County

ID

1.7

10,198

3

Wheatland County

MT

1.8

2,168

4

Sherman County

OR

2.0

1,765

5

Emporia city

VA

2.0

5,927

6

Fergus County

MT

2.3

11,586

7

Luna County

NM

2.4

25,095

8

Liberty County

MT

2.4

2,339

9

Grant County

NM

2.5

29,514

10

Malheur County

OR

2.7

31,313

11

Potter County

SD

2.7

2,329

12

Hill County

MT

2.8

16,096

13

Silver Bow County

MT

2.8

34,200

14

Canyon County

ID

2.8

188,923

15

Golden Valley County

MT

2.9

884

Chart 3: The 15 Safest Counties in the USA
Source: Time Magazine

What is striking is that the safest counties have virtually no population to speak of. Evidently, there is some unwelcome factor prevalent in these counties that people are avoiding living in them en masse.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Events measured by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), USA, research include earthquake, hurricane (typhoon), cold wind chill, astronomical low tide, coastal flood, avalanche, dense fog, drought, dust devil, dust storm, excessive heat, extreme cold/wind chill, flash flood, flood, freezing fog, funnel cloud, hail, heat, heavy rain, heavy snow, high surf, high wind, ice storm, lakeshore flood, landslide, lightning, rip current, sleet, storm surge/tide, strong wind, thunderstorm wind, tornado, tropical depression, tropical storm, tsunami, waterspout, wildfire, winter storm and winter weather (ibid).

Figure 3: Hurricane Strikes since 1950
Source: NOAA

Hurricane Strikes Since 1950

Since 1851, 290 North Atlantic hurricanes have produced hurricane-strength winds in 19 states on the Atlantic coast. Some may have remained offshore, yet producing hurricane- strength winds on land; some may have weakened to a tropical storm before landfall yet produced hurricane conditions on land while still a hurricane and some of them made landfall in an adjacent state but produced hurricane conditions over multiple states.

All categories of disasters listed are not equally dangerous. The most disastrous have been hurricanes, as three to four of different scales may strike in one year; some years have been hurricane free in that they have died out just before encountering land or reduced to a large storm. Hurricanes have claimed over three thousand five hundred lives in the U.S. since 1996 while wildfires have taken 130 lives during the same period. Many counties have seen hundreds of incidents over the years, specifically hurricane prone New Jersey and quake-prone California.

Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina has been the most destructive Atlantic tropical cyclone this millennium. It is also the most damage causing natural disaster in the history of the United States. Katrina has the dubious distinction of being the 7th deadliest Atlantic hurricane ever recorded, and 2005 has seen three of the six most intense Atlantic hurricanes recorded (along with #1 Wilma and #4 Rita). 1,833 people are known to have died in the hurricane and the inevitable other disasters that follow, like floods, power outage, disconnection from the world at large and non-availability of fresh food or water other than what was supplied by rescue officials. The damage to property was projected at $108 billion (2005 USD).

If a hurricane is going to hit your house, there is nothing you can do. Prudence demands that you take safety measures in advance and pray that the intensity of the hurricane is low. As a resident of New Jersey (Chart 2), you should have an action plan ready and your entire family aware of what can happen and how they can help you in weathering the storm. Historically, the maximum property damage occurs in coastal areas, like beachfront towns. Nine out of ten can expect severe floods.

Measures Against Hurricanes

If you intend to safeguard yourself and your family from a hurricane, plan for four stages. These are the precautionary stage, the prelude, the storm and the after effects.

1. Precautionary Stage

  • There will be more than adequate warning before a hurricane strikes. That said, there is no guarantee that a hurricane will stick to its predicted path after hitting land. This can work both ways, for and against you. If you are in the path, the hurricane may pass you by, but considering its size, you may still be hit by its peripheral clouds, which will have very strong winds but less than expected rain. Buy emergency supplies now, well before it happens. The power outage may last days. Avoid the crowd by getting in early at the mart. Let’s also assume your house is 40 miles from the coastline (two hours travel time for the hurricane).
  • Consider moving to a relative’s house in say, Chicago or further west. Make sure you leave in time. Hurricanes move fairly slowly, about 25-30 mph or 40-48 kmh at that latitude, but the wind speed under its swirling cloud mass can touch 120+ mph, or 190 kph+. It is these winds and lashing rain that cause physical damage, but floods are caused by both the rain and poor drainage systems, as proved in New Orleans after a post-mortem of Katrina.
  • If you decide to stay, as generally happens, then shore up your basement. You will have to endure the strong winds when safely ensconced in your basement. After the worst is over, you will have to face the ordeal of waiting till life recovers to normal. If floods are to follow, they will convert your basement into a swimming pool. If you do not have a second floor, things could be touch and go in your house. Be prepared to evacuate in the worst case scenario. If you live in an apartment, there is no need to move anything; all you have to do is ‘batten down those hatches’ and stock up whatever is relevant from the list below.
  • You will require these items in your basement:
    • Hurricane lamps.
    • A set of torches and spare batteries.
    • Attach iridescent stickers on flashlights for easy location in little or no light.
    • Candles, four to five dozen and candle stick holders. Be careful not to start a fire.
    • Matches and disposable lighters.
    • A charging system.
    • An inverter with two high power batteries, 48 V each. You will also need an adapter to plug the inverter into any electrical power socket. Charge the batteries fully and ensurethey have enough distilled water.
    • Electrical cables, preferably two rolls of 50 ft each, colored red and green.
    • Battery-powered space heater.
    • Extension cords, long enough to reach your neighbor’s house.
    • Rubber gloves and gum boots for all.
    • Hand tools such as hammer, screwdriver, nails and wood saw.
    • Firewood and charcoal.
    • A gas camping stove or hibachi grill.
    • Extra blankets.
    • Paper plates, cups and plastic utensils.
    • First-aid kit and manual.
    • Fire Extinguisher.
    • Whistle.
    • Spare toiletry bag, with enough soap, shampoo, toothbrushes for all, toothpaste, basic medicines like aspirin and vitamins.
    • Sanitation and hygiene items (moist towelettes and toilet paper).
    • Prescription medicines for any affected person/persons, eye glasses, contact lens solutions, and hearing aid batteries.
    • Kitchen accessories and cooking utensils, including a can opener.
    • Photocopies of credit and identification cards.
    • Cash and coins with everybody.
    • Items for infants, such as formula, diapers, bottles, and pacifiers.
    • Clothing to keep your family warm, underwear and socks. Wear double layers in cold climates, and keep your head covered to retain loss of heat.
    • Space heaters that automatically shut off if they are moved or fall over.
    • Extra blankets, sleeping bags or newspapers to put on your bed/makeshift bed at night.
    • Knowledge that refrigerators and freezers are at their coldest settings in the house.
    • Extension to your phone line.
    • Mini-gas cylinder with attached lamp.
    • List of emergency phone nos. in huge print.
    • Mosquito repellent.
    • Fuel for your hurricane lamps.
    • Battery operated radios and clocks.
    • Knowledge that food is stored on shelves safely out of the way of flood waters.
    • Confirmation that an order for dry ice and ice blocks has been placed.
    • An 18 cubic foot standalone freezer. There should be 50 lbs (23 kg) of dry ice in this gadget when power goes. Use only this freezer. It will be the first device to be rendered ineffective, within 44-52 hours, but it would have done its job.
    • Coolers available and easily accessible. Styrofoam coolers work great.
    • Freezer bags filled with ice to make ice packs/ freezer-pack inserts.
    • Stocked ready-to-eat foods.
    • Shelf-stable items that are not canned. Look for juice boxes, stock and broth in boxes, dried fruits and snack items, and others that can be stored without refrigeration.
    • Some engaging, non-electronic games like cards and Scrabble, etc.
    • Bags to carry the equipment in, with inventory cards.

2. The Prelude

  • This is the phase when you get to know that the hurricane is close to the coast. In fact, high cirrus clouds (crow’s nest or mare’s tail) would have started appearing at least 60-90 hours earlier, with menacing clouds appearing about 2-2½ days later. A drizzle will set in, gradually becoming light, then heavy rain with very strong winds. Recheck the outside of your house to see that there is nothing that can fly off and hurt others just before the drizzle sets in.
    • Satellite dishes should be dismantled and brought in.
    • Recheck windows that might flap open in strong winds are nailed down.
    • Bring all flower pots into your garage.
    • Triple check your garage for safety, as they are weak structures, particularly their roofs. Cover glass surfaces of your car with Styrofoam. Cover the car securely with canvas.
    • Collect your order for dry ice and ice blocks as the drizzle starts. The exact timing is a function of how far your home is from the coastline and the market.
    • Freeze refrigerated items such as milk and fresh meat and poultry that you may not need immediately — this helps keep them at a safe temperature longer.
    • Group food together in the freezer – this helps the food stay cold longer. A fully packed freezer keeps food safe longer than a lightly loaded one. Think ‘safety in numbers’!
    • Check that water repellent tarps, life jackets, inflatable raft if you have one, and kid’s swimming pools are inside the house.
    • Keep an appliance thermometer in the refrigerator and freezer on the first floor. An appliance thermometer indicates the temperature in the container. In case of a power outage, it helps determine the safety of the food. The freezer should be as close to -18°C (0°F) as possible, while the fridge should be at or below 4°C (39°F).
    • Keep another appliance thermometer in your standalone freezer in the basement. Put all your perishable eatables and leftovers in this freezer. The temperature should be as close to -18°C (0°F) as possible.
    • Fill Ziplock bags, empty soda bottles, and other plastic containers with water and freeze. Use these to keep items in the freezer, refrigerator, and coolers cold.
    • Fill freezer bags with ice to make ice packs/buy freezer-pack inserts. This is mainly for the standalone freezer you’re going to eat from in the first two days and then for the refrigerator and its freezer compartment.

Note: Bacteria cannot survive temperatures below 4.°4 C (40° F). When the temperature rises above 40° F, it will take about two hours for all ice flakes to drop off. This is an indicator that conditions have changed in favor of bacteria, which thrive in such conditions and multiply very rapidly. There is only one thing you may do now: Throw away all food items that have crossed the two hour limit.

3. The Storm

  • Watch the storm from within the safety of your home. Look up to see if loose objects are flying around. Watch the windspeed pick up and batter your walls, windows and doors. Learn from the experience. As the intensity increases, head for your basement. It is only a matter of time before you have a power outage, if it hasn’t already gone.
    • There is nothing you can do but wait. Monitor progress on a smartphone.
    • Listen to a broadcast to find out if tidal waves have surged inland. Heed all warnings.
    • The rain will not let up for at least two days, while wind strength will keep varying.
    • Several agencies would have initiated precautionary action about five days before the storm intensified into a hurricane, like The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Police Department, the United States Coast Guard, National Hurricane Center and the National Weather Service.
    • In due course, the hurricane will either move away or die out.
    • Pray that the accumulated water outside drains quickly.
    • NEVER taste food to check if it is safe-never!

These three phases are the most manageable phases. All your supplies will hold, nothing will run out of stock in these couple of days, unless you have mismanaged the situation. The problems start now, in the recovery phase, particularly if there is flooding. The after effects of what was a controlled situation are what cause great mental trauma. We will look at the aftermath later.

Assembling an Emergency Food Supply

Your emergency supplies should consist of food, water and other supplies for at least five days. Your entire family should know where it is, what it contains, how it is to be utilized and who will look after it. All food will be in the fridge or freezer. Surplus cans must be stored on the highest shelves, keeping them safe from flood water. In case of a power outage, nobody should open any cooling equipment, except for the person in charge.

Water: Store at least one gallon of water per person per day for five days. An average person drinks one-half gallon of water every day, though this will reduce if there is a temperature drop. Remember:

  • Individual needs vary, depending on age, physical condition, activity, diet, and climate.
  • Children, nursing mothers, and ill people need more water.
  • Temperatures above 95°F (35°C), though unlikely, will increase the amount of water by 50%.
  • A medical emergency might require additional water.
  • It is recommended you purchase commercially bottled water in the precautionary stage.
  • If you are using council supplied tap water, stock it in large bottles. Use two-liter plastic soft drink bottles. Clean the bottles thoroughly with dishwashing soap and water, and rinse completely so there is no residual soap. Sanitize the bottles by adding a solution of 1 teaspoon of non-scented liquid household chlorine bleach to a quart of water and swishing vigorously. After sanitizing the bottle, rinse out the sanitizing solution thoroughly with clean water.
  • Filling water containers: Fill the bottle to the top with regular tap water. If the tap water has been commercially treated from a water utility with chlorine, you need not add anything else to the water. If the water you are using comes from a well or water source that is not treated with chlorine, add two drops of non-scented liquid household chlorine bleach to the water. Tightly close the container using the original cap (ibid).
  • Many fruits and vegetables will hold their quality at room temperature, so buy them. Apples, tomatoes, grapes, heads of lettuce, squash, onions, potatoes, celery, peppers, and other produce will store well as long as they are stored in a cool and dark place.
  • Canned foods: canned beans, olive oil, tuna, chicken, small bottles of mayonnaise and salad dressing, canned meats and seafood, evaporated milk, soups, oil, canned juices, fruit, mustard and ketchup, brown bread, vegetables, dried foods, dried soup mixes, pastas, vegetables, meat, powdered milk, bouillon cubes and granules, spices, dried sauce mixes, pesto mixes, fruit, mushrooms and instant pudding mixes.

Food: Keep the following in mind when stocking your food supplies in the precautionary phase:

  • Avoid foods that will make you thirsty. Choose salt-free crackers, whole grain cereals, and canned foods with high liquid content.
  • Stock canned foods, dry mixes, and other staples that do not require refrigeration, cooking, water, or special preparation. You may already have many of these on hand. Do include a manual can opener.
  • Keep a handy stock of plain milk chocolates.
  • Include special dietary needs (ibid).
  • Multivitamins.
  • Nuts and trail mixes, preferably in vacuum-packed containers which keep them fresh.

Canned Foods

“Canned foods maintain mineral content for entire shelf life. Vitamins A & C will decrease rapidly after fruits and vegetables are picked and cooked. Vitamins are lost during heating processes; however, once canned, vitamin A & C loss slows to 5- 20% per year. Other vitamins remain close to fresh food levels.”

Several factors limit the shelf-life of canned foods:

  • Cans or metal lids on glass jars can rust. When rust is deep enough, tiny holes open in the can or lid that may let spoilage agents in. Shipping accidents that dent or crush cans cause problems.
  • Can corrosion. Food reacts chemically with the metal container, especially high-acid food like canned tomatoes and fruit juices. Over several years, this causes taste and texture changes. It eventually lowers the nutritional value of the food.
  • Temperatures over 38° C (100° F) are harmful to canned foods. The risk of spoilage jumps sharply as storage temperatures rise. At prolonged storage temperatures above 24° C (75° F), nutrient loss in canned foods increases. Light can cause color changes and nutrient losses in foods canned in glass jars.

To store canned food wisely:

  • Store in a cool, clean, dry place where temperature is below 85 degrees (between 50-70 degrees is good) but not freezing temperatures.
  • Rotate foods so the oldest is used first. Try not to keep canned foods more than one year.
  • Use canned meats and seafood within 12 months.
  • Use low-acid canned foods within 8-12 months.
  • Use high-acid foods within 12 to 18 months. Foods stored longer will be safe to eat if the cans show no signs of spoilage or damage but may deteriorate in color, flavor and nutritive value.
  • Canned fruit juices can be stored up to 3 years.

Never use foods from containers with spoilage warning signs like loose or bulging lids on jars; bulging, leaking or badly dented cans (especially along the top, side and bottom seams); or foods with a foul odor (ibid).

The Aftermath of the Disaster

Power Outages

As soon as you lose power, unplug the freezer and refrigerator, as well as other appliances, to protect them from electricity surges when power returns. The inverter will give you 72 hours or more backup for one TV + 3 bulbs + 3 fans. Use your TV sparingly; recharge smartphones freely. Wrap the refrigerator/freezer in blankets, making sure they don’t touch the compressor, to create extra insulation. The same holds good for the standalone freezer.

If you have followed these directions to a T, there is very little chance of you running out of food. In any case, rescue teams will be making the rounds as soon as it is safe to do so. Items in the freezer can potentially stay frozen for 2 to 4 days, depending on the size of the freezer, how full it is, and how well insulated it is. These steps have been listed already. A full freezer that had been operating at 0°F will keep foods frozen for about 48 hours if the doors remain closed.

The blocks of dry ice are most useful in extended power outages. Use a twelve pound block of dry ice in the freezer and it will keep the contents frozen for one extra day, since you are not going to even touch it till the standalone freezer has done its job. Do wear gloves or use tongs when handling dry ice. The ideal method of using dry ice, apart from wearing gloves, is listed below:

  • Put heavy cardboard on top of packages of frozen food in each compartment of your freezer and put the dry ice on top of the cardboard.
  • If possible, place meat and poultry on a tray or seal them in a tough plastic bag so that their juices do not leak onto other foods if they ever begin to thaw.
  • Ensure you have a few days’ stock of foods that do not require cooking or cooling.
  • The safest way to determine a food’s safety is to use a kitchen thermometer. If a food’s temperature registers at 4.4°C (40°F) or below, it is safe. If not, destroy or discard it.
  • Feed infants and young children with care.
    • Breastfed infants should continue breastfeeding. For formula-fed infants, use ready-to-feed formula if possible. If using ready-to-feed formula is not possible, it is best to use bottled water to prepare powdered or concentrated formula. If bottled water is not available, use boiled water. Use treated water to prepare formula only if you do not have bottled or boiled water. You should have one week’s quantum of formula.
    • If you prepare formula with boiled water, let the formula cool sufficiently before giving it to an infant. Use your kitchen utensils over a regulated flame/fire to boil water.
    • Clean feeding bottles and nipples with bottled, boiled, or treated water before each use.
    • Wash your hands before preparing formula and before feeding an infant. You can use alcohol-based hand sanitizer for washing your hands if the water supply is limited.
    • Ensure you have enough wipes/diapers (and plastic bags for disposal) in the house.
    • Recheck that you can cater to every need of the toddler for one full week, including light blankets, laundry detergent and medication, if any.

When Floodwater Enters Your House

  1. Keep Stored Water Safe: Once you realize that your house will get flooded, take all the items in the basement to the second floor and keep them under tarpaulins. If you do not have a second floor, keep all items as high as you can, covered with waterproofing material like tarpaulins, plastic or rubber sheets, etc. Thereafter:
    • Use bottled water that has not been exposed to flood waters if it is available.
    • If you don’t have bottled water, you should boil water to make it safe. Boiling water will kill most types of disease-causing organisms that may be present.
    • If the water is cloudy, filter it through clean cloth or allow it to settle, and draw off the clear water for boiling.
    • Boil the water for one minute, let it cool, and store it in clean containers with covers.
    • If you can’t boil water, you can disinfect it using household bleach. Bleach will kill some, but not all, types of disease-causing organisms that may be in the water.
    • If the water is cloudy, filter it through clean cloth or allow it to settle, and draw off the clear water for disinfection.
    • Add 1/8 teaspoon (or 8 drops) of regular, unscented, liquid household bleach per each gallon of water. Stir it well and let it stand for at least 30 minutes before you use it.
    • Store disinfected water in clean containers with covers.
    • If you have a well that has been flooded, the water should be tested and disinfected after flood waters recede. If you suspect that your well may be contaminated, contact your local or state health department or agriculture extension agent for specific advice.
    • If flood waters reach food stored on shelves and in cabinets, many food items that came in contact with flood water are unsafe. A guide of what to keep and what to discard follows:
      • Do not eat any food that may have come into contact with flood water – this includes raw fruits and vegetables, cartons of milk or eggs.
      • Discard any food that is not in a waterproof container if there is any chance that it has come into contact with flood water.
      • Food containers that are not waterproof include those packaged in plastic wrap or cardboard, or those with screw‐caps, snap lids, pull tops, and crimped caps. Flood waters can enter any of these containers and contaminate the food inside. Also, discard cardboard juice/milk/baby formula boxes and home canned foods if they have come in contact with flood water, because they cannot be effectively cleaned and sanitized.
      • Check canned foods and discard any food in damaged cans. Can damage is shown by swelling, leakage, punctures, holes, fractures, extensive deep rusting, or rushing/denting severe enough to prevent normal stacking or opening with a manual, wheel‐type can opener. Do not taste any food to check if it is still edible.
    • Salvaging canned items: Undamaged, commercially prepared foods in all‐metal cans and retort pouches (for example, flexible, shelf‐stable juice or seafood pouches) can be saved if you do the following:
      • Remove the labels, if they are the removable kind, since they can harbor dirt and bacteria.
      • Thoroughly wash the cans or retort pouches with soap and water, using hot water if it is available.
      • Brush or wipe away any dirt or silt.
      • Rinse the cans or retort pouches with water that is safe for drinking, if available, since dirt or residual soap will reduce the effectiveness of chlorine sanitation.
      • Then, sanitize them by immersion in one of the two following ways:
        • Place in water and allow the water to come to a boil and continue boiling for 2 minutes, or
        • Place in a freshly made solution consisting of 1 tablespoon of unscented, liquid chlorine bleach per gallon of drinking water (or the cleanest, clearest water available) for 15 minutes.
      • Air‐dry cans or retort pouches for a minimum of 1 hour before opening or storing.
      • If the labels were removable, then re‐label your cans or retort pouches, including the expiry date (if available), with a marker.
      • Food in reconditioned cans or retort pouches should be used as soon as possible, thereafter.
      • Any concentrated baby formula in reconditioned, all‐metal containers must be diluted with clean, drinking water (ibid).

How to Prepare Food Without Power

If some disaster causes a power outage, you could use the gas camping stove or hibachi grill, or cook over an open fire. It may or may not be practical or possible to do so every meal, or for an extended period of time. So what are your options for uncooked meals without a working freezer or refrigerator?

You’ll be making a meal from stored food. Canned fruits and vegetables are not a problem. So the issue becomes staple foods: grains, potatoes, etc. There are several food options: instant oatmeal, quick barley, instant mashed potatoes, ramen, tabouli and couscous.

Use only clean safe drinking water. Preparation of stored food without cooking can contain bacteria. This food must be eaten immediately after preparation, to preclude bacterial growth which makes the food unsafe to eat. Instant oatmeal with non-fat dry milk, prepared without heat, though not as good as when it is cooked, is one of the better options for preparing food when you don’t have power to cook. It’s a great breakfast option.

Barley is a good staple food, which is high in protein and carbs. Quick barley will store well long-term if kept cool, sealed, and dry. This is definitively a good food for storage. Instant mashed potatoes take up room temperature bottled water quickly and well. The taste seems unaffected by the lack of cooking. You probably like your mashed potatoes hot, but that is situational. Try opening a small bottle of mayonnaise sauce and finish it. Instant mashed potato, ketchup and mayonnaise is a decent meal.

Making couscous at room temperature bottled water, takes 15 minutes or more. If the couscous turns out crunchy, add more water and let it sit for another 10 minutes. Taste-wise, couscous prepared in this manner is almost indistinguishable from cooked couscous, except that it is not hot. Add oil and vinegar, with some spices and salt to taste. Couscous is made with wheat, just like regular pasta, and it is just as nutritious. Tabouli and ramen are two more options.

Prepare ‘heat only’ foods like canned soup, stew, chili or ‘just add water’ foods like instant soup or oatmeal on a canned heat stove, prepare raw foods or canned foods that do not need heating, or prepare easy to cook meals on a one burner butane stove.

The one burner butane stove has many advantages. It will accommodate larger size cookware than the canned heat stove and normal kitchen cookware can be used. The butane stove can be used indoors with good ventilation. The gas flame is easier to regulate than canned heat and is hotter. These advantages allow the preparation of recipes rather than just heating up of canned foods thus giving more variety to menus while the power is out. A list of recipes for meals that can be prepared in 20 minutes or less (to conserve fuel) is at Pantry Cooking: Unlocking Your Pantry’s Potential.

Keeping Food Safe During an Ice Storm

Even a thin coating of ice can result in a travel nightmare, while heavier amounts will severely damage trees and power lines. Strong winds can add extra force to already weighed down tree branches and power lines, increasing the likelihood of significant damage.

Ice Storm Facts

  • Ice can increase the weight of branches more than 25 times.
  • A 0.5 inch accretion on electrical lines can add 500 pounds of extra weight between successive pylons.
  • In 2009, a heavy ice storm between northern Arkansas and the Ohio Valley shut down power to 1.3 million homes.
  • An ice storm between northern New York and northern New England in 1998 damaged trees by the millions. Ice accretion was as much as 7.5 cm (3”) thick!

These ice accumulations are caused by freezing rain. Freezing rain is the consequence of snow dropping through an above-freezing level warm layer in the atmosphere, wherein snowflakes melt into rain. These raindrops transit through a thin layer of air below freezing temperature at the surface of the earth, freezing immediately when it makes contact with land, trees, cars, etc.

Precautions:

  • Avoid driving on icy roads for your safety and the safety of emergency personnel.
  • Make sure you have several ways to communicate with others, like landline phones, cell phones, texting, etc.
  • Children should be stopped from playing around ice-covered trees for fear of injury.
  • Never use portable generators, camp stoves and grills inside your home or garage to forestall carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • Use flashlights during power outages instead of candles to prevent the risk of fire. Attach a luminous strip of fluorescent paper to your torches.

Refrigerator Foods

When to Save and When to Throw It Out

FOOD

Held above 40 ºF for over 2 hours

MEAT, POULTRY, SEAFOOD

Discard

Raw or leftover cooked meat, poultry, fish, or seafood; soy meat substitutes

Discard

Thawing meat or poultry

Discard

Meat, tuna, shrimp, chicken, or egg salad

Discard

Gravy, stuffing, broth

Discard

Lunchmeats, hot dogs, bacon, sausage, dried beef

Discard

Pizza – with any topping

Discard

Canned hams labeled “Keep Refrigerated”

Discard

Canned meats and fish, opened

Discard

CHEESE

 

Soft Cheeses: blue/bleu, Roquefort, Brie, Camembert, cottage, cream, Edam, Monterey Jack, ricotta, mozzarella, Muenster, Neufchatel, queso blanco, queso fresco

Discard

Hard Cheeses: Cheddar, Colby, Swiss, Parmesan, Provolone, Romano

Safe

Processed Cheeses

Safe

Shredded Cheeses

Discard

Low-fat Cheeses

Discard

Grated Parmesan, Romano, or combination (in can or jar)

Safe

DAIRY

 

Milk, cream, sour cream, buttermilk, evaporated milk, yogurt, eggnog, soy milk

Discard

Butter, margarine

Safe

Baby formula, opened

Discard

EGGS

 

Fresh eggs, hard-cooked in shell, egg dishes, egg products

Discard

Custards and puddings

Discard

CASSEROLES, SOUPS, STEWS

Discard

FRUITS

 

Fresh fruits, cut

Discard

Fruit juices, opened

Safe

Canned fruits, opened

Safe

Fresh fruits, coconut, raisins, dried fruits, candied fruits, dates

Safe

SAUCES, SPREADS, JAMS

 

Opened mayonnaise, tartar sauce, horseradish

Discard if above 50 °F for over 8 hrs.

Peanut butter

Safe

Jelly, relish, taco sauce, mustard, catsup, olives, pickles

Safe

Worcestershire, soy, barbecue sauces, Hoisin sauce

Safe

Fish sauces (oyster sauce)

Discard

Opened vinegar-based dressings

Safe

Opened creamy-based dressings

Discard

Spaghetti sauce, opened jar

Discard

BREAD, CAKES, COOKIES, PASTA, GRAINS

 

Bread, rolls, cakes, muffins, quick breads, tortillas

Safe

Refrigerator biscuits, rolls, cookie dough

Discard

Cooked pasta, rice, potatoes

Discard

Pasta salads with mayonnaise or vinaigrette

Discard

Fresh pasta

Discard

Cheesecake

Discard

Breakfast foods –waffles, pancakes, bagels

Safe

PIES, PASTRY

 

Pastries

Discard

Pies – custard

Discard

Pies

Safe

VEGETABLES

 

Fresh mushrooms, herbs, spices

Safe

Greens, pre-cut, pre-washed, packaged

Discard

Vegetables, raw

Safe

Vegetables, cooked; tofu

Discard

Vegetable juice, opened

Discard

Baked potatoes

Discard

Commercial garlic in oil

Discard

Potato Salad

Discard

Chart 4 Source: Keeping_Food_Safe_During_an_Emergency.pdf

Frozen Food

When to Save and When to Throw It Out

FOOD

STILL CONTAINS ICE CRYSTALS AND FEELS AS COLD AS IF REFRIGERATED

HELD ABOVE
40 °F FOR OVER 2 HOURS

MEAT, POULTRY, SEAFOOD

 

 

Beef, veal, lamb, pork, and ground meat

Refreeze

Discard

Poultry and ground poultry

Refreeze

Discard

Variety meats (liver, kidney, heart, chitterlings)

Refreeze

Discard

Casseroles, stews, soups

Refreeze.

Discard

Fish, shellfish, breaded seafood products

Refreeze. However, there will be some texture and flavor     loss.

Discard

DAIRY

 

 

Milk

Refreeze. May lose some texture.

Discard

Eggs (out of shell) and egg products

Refreeze.

Discard

Ice cream, frozen yogurt

Discard

Discard

Cheese (soft and semi-soft)

Refreeze. May lose some texture.

Discard

Hard cheeses

Refreeze

Refreeze

Shredded cheeses

Refreeze

Discard

Casseroles containing milk, cream, eggs, soft cheeses

Refreeze

Discard

Cheesecake

Refreeze

Discard

FRUITS

 

 

Juices

Refreeze

Refreeze. Discard if mold, yeasty smell, or sliminess develops.

Home or commercially packaged

Refreeze. Will change texture and flavor

Refreeze. Discard if mold, yeasty smell, or sliminess develops.

VEGETABLES

 

 

Juices

Refreeze

Discard after held above 40° F for 6 hours.

Home or commercially packaged or blanched

Refreeze. May suffer texture and flavor loss

Discard after held above 40° F for 6 hours.

BREADS, PASTRIES

 

 

Breads, rolls, muffins, cakes (without custard fillings)

Refreeze

Refreeze

Cakes, pies, pastries with custard or cheese filling

Refreeze

Discard

Pie crusts, commercial and
homemade bread dough

Refreeze. Some quality loss can occur

Refreeze. Quality loss is considerable.

OTHER

 

 

Casseroles – pasta, rice based

Refreeze

Discard

Flour, cornmeal, nuts

Refreeze

Refreeze

Breakfast items –waffles, pancakes, bagles

Refreeze

Refreeze

Frozen meal, entree, specialty items (pizza, sausage and biscuit, meat pie,convenience foods)

Refreeze

Discard

Keeping_Food_Safe_During_an_Emergency.pdf

How to Get Rid of Bad Smells in Your Fridge

While it is not necessary that a natural disaster will lead to your fridge and freezer picking up a noxious odor, the fact remains that a long power outage where you cannot get back to your fridge freely or floodwaters will go a long way in generating that rotten egg / decaying meat smell. Unfortunately, your fridge is made of various plastics, compounds, rubberized linings and metal. It is the plastic elements and the rubberized section that retain the odor. The metallic portion can be scrubbed clean, but you cannot touch any electrical system for fear of damaging it.

More often than not, people do manage to get rid of the odor in a couple of days. There are always some tricky ones that will trouble you. It is a lengthy DIY process and perhaps the best option is given here. If the fridge is done in, then remove the door and dump the two separate portions of the dead fridge widely apart. This is a statutory law in the state of Michigan.

REFERENCES

This entry was posted in: Blog.

Economic Effects of Climate Change

Economic Effects of Climate Change

REPORT SUMMARY: Climate Change Background (causes, consensus), Impacts of Climate Change on Growth & Development, Estimated Costs in Developing Countries, Effects on Global Food Supply (agriculture, production), Diseases, Climate Change Policy, Technological Innovation, Carbon Tax, Low Carbon Economy

What is climate change?

Climatologists commonly refer to climate as the mean or average weather in a given place or region.

This description is usually stated in statistical forms showing variations such as averages and extremes. Climate comprises of humidity, patterns of temperature, wind, seasons, and rain or snow.  A recent science-based report shows that the quantity of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other forms of heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere continues to rise to such levels that the Earth get warmed resulting in a broad range of environmental effects such as melting ice and snow, rising sea levels, drought and wild fires, extreme storms, rainfall and floods.

source: http://climate.nasa.gov/scientific-consensus/

More resources:

Causes of Climate Change

The earth’s climate is naturally variable on all time scales. However, its long-term state and average temperature are regulated by the balance between incoming and outgoing energy, which determines the Earth’s energy balance.

Any factor that causes a sustained change to the amount of incoming energy or the amount of outgoing energy can lead to climate change.

As these factors are external to the climate system, they are referred to as ‘climate forcers’, invoking the idea that they force or push the climate towards a new long-term state – either warmer or cooler depending on the cause of change.

Different factors operate on different time scales, and not all of those factors that have been responsible for changes in earth’s climate in the distant past are relevant to contemporary climate change.

Factors that cause climate change can be divided into two categories ­- those related to natural processes and those related to human activity. In addition to natural causes of climate change, changes internal to the climate system, such as variations in ocean currents or atmospheric circulation, can also influence the climate for short periods of time. This natural internal climate variability is superimposed on the long-term forced climate change.

Natural Causes

The Earth’s climate can be affected by natural factors that are external to the climate system, such as changes in volcanic activity, solar output, and the Earth’s orbit around the Sun. Of these, the two factors relevant on timescales of contemporary climate change are changes in volcanic activity and changes in solar radiation. In terms of the Earth’s energy balance, these factors primarily influence the amount of incoming energy. Volcanic eruptions are episodic and have relatively short-term effects on climate. Changes in solar irradiance have contributed to climate trends over the past century but since the Industrial Revolution, the effect of additions of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere has been about ten times that of changes in the Sun’s output.

Human Causes

Climate change can also be caused by human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels and the conversion of land for forestry and agriculture. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, these human influences on the climate system have increased substantially. In addition to other environmental impacts, these activities change the land surface and emit various substances to the atmosphere. These in turn can influence both the amount of incoming energy and the amount of outgoing energy and can have both warming and cooling effects on the climate.  The dominant product of fossil fuel combustion is carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. The overall effect of human activities since the Industrial Revolution has been a warming effect, driven primarily by emissions of carbon dioxide and enhanced by emissions of other greenhouse gases.

The build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has led to an enhancement of the natural greenhouse effect.  It is this human-induced enhancement of the greenhouse effect that is of concern because ongoing emissions of greenhouse gases have the potential to warm the planet to levels that have never been experienced in the history of human civilization. Such climate change could have far-reaching and/or unpredictable environmental, social, and economic consequences.

source: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/impacts-adaptation/water.html

Short-lived and long-lived climate forcers

Carbon dioxide is the main cause of human-induced climate change. It has been emitted in vast quantities from the burning of fossil fuels and it is a very long-lived gas, which means it continues to affect the climate system during its long residence time in the atmosphere. However, fossil fuel combustion, industrial processes, agriculture, and forestry-related activities emit other substances that also act as climate forcers. Some, such as nitrous oxide, are long-lived greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, and so contribute to long-term climate change.

Other substances have shorter atmospheric lifetimes because they are removed fairly quickly from the atmosphere. Therefore, their effect on the climate system is similarly short-lived. Together, these short-lived climate forcers are responsible for a significant amount of current climate forcing from anthropogenic substances.

Some short-lived climate forcers have a climate warming effect (‘positive climate forcers’) while others have a cooling effect (‘negative climate forcers’).

If atmospheric levels of short-lived climate forcers are continually replenished by ongoing emissions, these continue to exert a climate forcing. However, reducing emissions will quickly lead to reduced atmospheric levels of such substances. A number of short-lived climate forcers have climate warming effects and together are the most important contributors to the human enhancement of the greenhouse effect after carbon dioxide.

This includes methane and tropospheric ozone – both greenhouse gases – and black carbon, a small solid particle formed from the incomplete combustion of carbon-based fuels (coal, oil and wood for example).

Other short-lived climate forcers have climate cooling effects, most notably sulphate aerosols. Fossil fuel combustion emits sulphur dioxide into the atmosphere (in addition to carbon dioxide) which then combines with water vapour to form tiny droplets (aerosols) which reflect sunlight.

Sulphate aerosols remain in the atmosphere for only a few days (washing out in what is referred to as acid rain), and so do not have the same long-term effect as greenhouse gases. The cooling from sulphate aerosols in the atmosphere has, however, offset some of the warming from other substances. That is, the warming we have experienced to date would have been even larger had it not been for elevated levels of sulphate aerosols in the atmosphere.

The Effects of Sea Level Rise and Climate Change

Strong evidence from scientific research obtained from core samples, tide gauge readings and satellite measurements show that global mean sea levels have been rising since the mid-19th century.

Available records indicate that during the 20th century, the global mean sea levels (GMSL) rose by about 15-20 centimeters which roughly equals 1.5 to 2.0 millimetre per year and the rate at which the GMSL increased towards the end of the 20th century was greater than at the early years of the century. The rate of increase of the GMSL in the first ten years of the 21st century has been found to be around 3.1 mm per year which is much higher than the average rate recorded for the 20th century.

Future projections estimate the GMSL to rise by around 1 meter by 2100 but if the rate at which Greenland ice sheet melt increases, sea level might rise by roughly 2 meters by 2100.

The three major processes leading to a rise in sea levels are:

  • Thermal expansion: Water expands normally as its temperature rises just like air and other fluids. Ocean temperature increases as climate change increases leading to sea level rise because of the expansion of its water through the application of heat (thermal expansion). Evidence suggests that thermal expansion could have contributed almost 2.5cm of sea level rise from mid-20th century. Projections by the IPCC in its Fourth Assessment suggests that sea levels will rise by about 17-28 cm (with an uncertainty rate of 50% plus or minus) over the 21st century.
  • Melting of glaciers and ice caps: Climate scientists say that melting of glaciers and ice caps are less likely contributors to sea level rise. The Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC estimated that the melting of mountain glaciers and ice caps in the second half of the 20th century increased sea level by around 2.5cm and projected that melting of ice and ice caps will lead about 10-12cm (plus or minus of one third) increase in sea level in the 21st century.
  • Loss of ice mass from the Greenland and West Antarctic sheets: The West Antarctic sheet retains an equivalent of 5 meters of sea level while the ice on Greenland holds around 7 meters of sea level. If all the ice on Greenland and the West Antarctic were to melt away completely in a process that could last for many centuries, both will contribute about 12 meters of sea level rise. The West Antarctic ice sheet is highly vulnerable because it is rooted below sea level. Though the East Antarctic ice sheet holds around 55 meters of sea level but it is less vulnerable to loss of its ice.

The potential impacts of these three processes include more rapid coastal erosion, rising water tables, changes in tidal prism, slat water intrusion into aquifers and surface waters, increased storm damage to coastal infrastructure, and changes in shoreline including the possibility that protective natural barriers will be lost totally. 

Ocean chemistry will definitely change when ocean level rises due to climate change. Concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could make water bodies to become more acidic and warmer sea water will have more carbon dioxide dissolved in it resulting in less oxygen. Sea level rise will cause harm to marine ecosystems, it will alter ocean’s biodiversity, and also affect the tiny plankton which produces much of the oxygen in the atmosphere.

More information on sea levels and climate change

The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change

There is an overwhelming level of scientific consensus on human-caused climate change. Over 95% of actively publishing climate scientists agree that the earth is warming and that human activity is the cause. In spite of this agreement, only about 50% the general public think that scientists have reached a consensus on human-caused climate change. Two sources of the discrepancy are the unbalanced portrayal of the situation in the media, and the Manufactured Doubt Industry. – source: http://www.wunderground.com/resources/climate/928.asp

    Climate Change and the Media

    According to a poll done by WorldPublicOpinion.org (WPO) after the 2010 election, 45% of voting Americans think that most scientists do not agree that climate change is occurring. WPO goes on further to estimate that this percentage has actually increased over the past ten years. A recent Pew study found that an overwhelming majority of Americans like science, have a positive regard for scientists, and think that science "contributes a lot to society’s well-being." So if there’s obvious consensus among scientists, why is that information not making it to the public?

    Never Rarely Once a week 2-3 times a week Almost every day
    Fox News 30 37 45 36 60
    CNN 51 40 39 25 25
    MSNBC 49 34 35 35 20
    Network TV news broadcasts 59 37 41 36 35
    Public Broadcasting (NPR or PBS) 49 41 36 21 13
    Newspapers & news magazines (in print or online) 48 43 41 24 40

     

    Table 1. Of people who responded that they agree with the statement "most scientists believe that global warming is not occurring," 60% watch Fox News almost every day. (Source)

    The Economics of Climate Change

    In their characteristic manner, economists generally weigh costs and damages. Therefore, economics of climate change focuses on identifying the economic implications of climate change and, hence, offer relevant, normative, and realistic policies for bringing the menace under control.

    Though the economics of climate change relates to other aspects of environmental economics but because of a number of factors such as the nature and extent of uncertainties involved with it, its distinctive and global nature, its international scope, its long term scale, and the possibilities of distributing policy benefits unevenly, it is often given a unique focus.

    Projections by Goulder and Pizer (2005) suggests that spending on energy infrastructure could exceed $16 trillion by 2030 leading to a rise in carbon emission by 60%. Therefore, the importance of looking at the economics of climate change now in order to develop the right choices for mitigating climate change cannot be overemphasized.

    In a working paper titled ‘Climate Change and Economic Growth’ and produced by the Commission on Growth and Development led by Nobel Laureate Mike Spence, the author, Robert Mendelsohn, remarked: ‘whereas the grim descriptions of the long term effects of climate change have led many to believe that the consequences of climate change will threaten long term economic growth but contrary to this impression, the impacts of climate change on the global economy will likely be very small over the next five decades and severe impacts by the end of the century is quite unlikely.’

    While this statement may sound quite puzzling, it does make a lot of sense to economists and to clarify further, the author says: ‘the greatest danger that climate change poses to the global economy in the long term arises from potentially excessive near-term mitigation efforts’ meaning that there is the need to keep up with the current global economic growth while allowing the greening of the economic growth strategy.

    The priority of many of the economists concerned with climate change advocate developing the ‘right economic choices’ for mitigating the potential impacts of the global phenomenon but this position is at variance with the views of scientists and environmentalists who advocate that more extreme mitigation policies be applied in the near term.

    The Impacts of Climate Change on Economic Growth and Development

    One of the main drivers of climate change is economic growth.

    As the demand for energy and goods that uses fossil fuels intensively increases, the economy expands and the quantity of greenhouse gas released into the atmosphere will also increase.

    However, economic growth may bring about a change in technological know-how leading to the inventions of more products that are energy efficient and, hence, slow down the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

    Some impacts of climate change are directly linked to market transactions and invariably affect gross domestic product (GDP) while some are non-market impacts because the effects could only be noticed on human health and ecosystems and not on market transactions.

    Climate change impacts that are market impacts could be measured as economic cost but it is difficult to calculate non-market impacts on an economic scale.

    The uncertainties in scientific measurement about how climate change will unfold makes estimating the economic impacts of climate change rather difficult. Nevertheless, economists have attempted making economic analysis of the potential impacts climate change would have on growth and development of a state and the global economy.

    • Smith et al., (2001) warns that climate change would further widen economic inequities between individuals and nations. Smith also says that a slight increase in global mean temperature of about 2oC over the 1990 levels could lead to net negative market sector and net positive market sector in many developing and developed nations respectively.
    • Pearce et al., (1996) suggests that based on available economic research, only a limited sector of the market economy such as agriculture, tourism, energy, coastal resources, forestry, and water is susceptible to climate change but in contrast, Stern (2006) claims that the entire global economy and the well-being of people across the globe may be at risk.
    • Mendelsohn (2009) reasoned that even if the impact of climate change turns out to be severe, it is doubtful if climate change can hurt the global economy that much since the sectors listed above make up around 5 percent of the global economy and it is expected that the share of each sector will shrink over time. The thinking is that most sectors of the global economy are not sensitive to climate change. However, Mendelsohn holds the view that on a comparison basis, the economies of some nations would be more susceptible to climate change when compared with the global average. Those countries that might be hit harder are countries that have a larger share of their economies in agriculture and forestry. In general, Mendelsohn says developing countries are more vulnerable. This is probably because many developing countries appear to be in the low geographical latitudes where the impacts of climate change on the market economy sectors earlier mentioned will be the most severe. Already, the major economic sectors of some countries in Africa have been noted to be vulnerable to observed changes in climate conditions meaning that future climate change could impact these countries further more. However, Smith et al., (2001: p. 940-941) predicted that a number of the developing nations would have the wherewithal to efficiently cope with the challenges of climate change.

    Though the uncertainties over climate sensitivities may pose difficulties in calculating the real economic impacts that climate change could have on growth and development yet analysts consider these uncertainties as the only important factor needed to determine the costs of carbon in the atmosphere, and, hence, climate sensitivity is important as an economic measure of climate change impacts.

    Low-income countries will remain on the frontline of human-induced climate change over the next century, experiencing gradual sea-level rises, stronger cyclones, warmer days and nights, more unpredictable rains, and larger and longer heatwaves, according to the most thorough assessment of the issue yet.

    East Africa can expect to experience increased short rains, while west Africa should expect heavier monsoons. Burma, Bangladesh and India can expect stronger cyclones; elsewhere in southern Asia, heavier summer rains are anticipated. Indonesia may receive less rainfall between July and October, but the coastal regions around the south China Sea and Gulf of Thailand can expect increased rainfall extremes when cyclones hit land.

    Estimates of the incremental costs of adaptation in developing countries ($bn per annum)

     
    Study 2010-2015 2010-2020 2030 2010-2050 Method
    World Development Report (2010) 30-100 Compiled several estimates of adaptation costs (including others in this list) with scenarios of 450ppm, 2005 US$
    World Bank EACC (2010) 70-100 Average annual adaptation costs from 2010 to 2050 in the agriculture, forestry, fisheries, infrastructure, water resource management, and coastal zone sectors, including impacts on health, ecosystem services, and the effects of extreme-weather events. In 2005 US$.
    Project Catayst (2009) 13-38 Estimates only public funding needs in vulnerable countries using costs from NAPAs, increased funding of public goods and disaster support. Assumes 450 stabilization, $1.25 to €1 exchange rate
    UNFCCC (2007) 27-67 Including: agriculture, forestry and fisheries, water supply, human health, coastal zones, infrastructure, and ecosystems. Excluded: mining and manufacturing, energy, retailing, tourism and ecosystems. In 2005 US$ between 450 and 550ppm
    Oxfam (2007) >50 Based on World Bank (2006), plus extrapolation of costs from NAPAs and NGO projects
    UNDP HDR (2007) 86-109 Builds on World Bank (2006), plus cost of adapting Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers and strengthening disaster response
    World Bank (2006) 9-41 Costs of climate proofing ODA, foreign and domestic investment
    Stern Review (2006) 4-37 Aiming for 450ppm stabilisation

    source: http://www.climatefundsupdate.org/resources/estimated-costs-climate-change

    Additional Resources on The Economics of Climate Change:

    Economics of climate change

    The Impacts of climate change on growth and development

    How climate change will affect people around the world

    Implications of climate change on development

    Costs of climate change in developing countries

    Projecting the Growth of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    It is the standard practice of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to use future emissions projections of non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gases as a basis for determining how cost-effective short-term mitigation alternatives and future policy can impact greenhouse gas emissions.

    This is because though carbon dioxide (CO2) are the main constituents of greenhouse gas emissions, there are other non-CO2 gases like nitrous oxide, methane, and fluorinated greenhouse gases that are major contributors to climate change. When considered on a per-ton basis, these non-CO2 greenhouse gases contribute more to climate change impacts than CO2 and some of these gases have significant effects on a short-term basis than carbon dioxide.

    There are series of reports published by EPA that projects the growth of greenhouse gas emissions. EPA usually provide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reports by gas and by sector.

    The sectors commonly reported include

    • transportation
    • energy
    • industrial processes
    • agriculture
    • land use
    • land-use change
    • waste
    • forestry

    source: http://www.goldmansachs.com/our-thinking/archive/archive-pdfs/trans-low-carbon-econ.pdf

    The common gases in most reports are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), nitrous oxide (N2O), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6).

    The quantities of future GHG levels are highly uncertain but there are a wide range of data illustrating emission projections that have been generated quantitatively. A number of emissions projections combined anthropogenic emissions as a single figure which is termed carbon dioxide equivalent (CDE). The CDE describes the quantity of global warming that could be caused by a given type of GHG by using the concentration of carbon dioxide as the reference.

    Using the baseline scenarios of emissions projection, it is projected that by 2030, there will be an increase of 25% and 90% in greenhouse emissions relative to the 2000 level.  It was also projected that for carbon dioxide only, two-thirds to three-quarters of the increase would be recorded in developing nations of the world.  But the same report also projected that the average per capita carbon dioxide emissions in developing nations would remain significantly lower than those in the developed world.

    The projections of carbon dioxide equivalents for 2100 varied from a reduction of about 40% to an increase in GHG emissions of 250% above the levels recorded for 2000.

     http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Projected_total_carbon_dioxide_emissions_between_2000-2100_using_the_six_illustrative_SRES_marker_scenarios.png
    Source: SRES Final Data (version1.1, July 2000)

    A research report says that the estimated total atmospheric concentration of long-lived greenhouse gas emissions was about 455 parts per million (ppm) of carbon dioxide equivalent .  When deduction is made for the effects of deforestation and other land-use changes and aerosol, then the physical effect which is also referred to as radiative forcing reduces the carbon dioxide equivalent to between 311 and 435 ppm. The estimate recorded for 2011 carbon dioxide equivalent concentrations is 473 ppm.

    Six of the IPCC’s (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) SRES emissions scenarios, that is the base line scenarios, have been used to project the possible future changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations equivalent. For example, the emissions projections for 2100 has been fixed between 540 to 970 parts per million (ppm).

    More resources:

    Global Food Supply and Climate Change

    Though crops, livestock and fisheries depend on specific weather conditions, it is difficult to understand the overall effect that climate change could have on food supply.

    In some instances, slight warming and high concentration of carbon dioxide may help some crops to grow faster yet agricultural yields may reduce with severe warming and floods and drought can cause further damage to agriculture and, hence, reduce food supply.

    The potential effects that climate change could have on world food supply and security have been documented , and some of the risks posed by concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere include negative effects on grain, fruit crops, vegetable, livestock and fisheries among others.

    • Vietnam is one of the hot spots where climate change through potential global sea level rise threatens rice production.
    • The Yakima River which is in the south central and eastern Washington state annually produces mostly perennial crops valued around $1 billion but many of the crop growers around this basin have been facing water shortages. In fact, reduced water allocation from the Yakima Basin that occurred in 2001 led to economic losses worth between $140 million and $195 million.

    Some of the practical effects of climate change on agriculture and food supply include reduction in yields, the need to deploy irrigation more than before, decreased arability; he possibility that insect and pests may reproduce more when the atmosphere becomes warmer, delay in planting and harvesting, and untold risks to fisheries.

    It’s not economic development that matters in this case, it’s the location on the surface of the Earth. Without better crop varieties or other agricultural technology improvements, irrigated wheat yields, for example, will fall at least 20 percent by 2050 as a result of global warming, and south Asia as well as parts of sub-Saharan Africa will face the worst effects.

    Potential Effects of Climage Change on Agriculture and Food Production

    The potential effects that climate change could have on agriculture and food production are many. For example, the rate of production of food crops, livestock, and dairy yields, may decline when temperature rises or due to drought-related stress. Several parts of the world that have been depending on natural and regular supply of water from rainfall each year during planting seasons may now require artificial supply of water through irrigation leading to higher costs for the farmers and possibly communal conflict when access to water becomes a battle for the fittest.

    In another scenario, climate change may make warmer conditions to shift to higher latitudes, where the soil lack adequate nutrients that could support crop production, making farmers to contend for lower-latitude areas that are less productive. Also, if the seasonal rainfall patterns continues to be irregular due to climate change, that could lead to more severe precipitation events such as flooding resulting in delay in planting and harvesting agricultural crops.

    The IBSNAT crop models were used to estimate how climate change and increasing levels of carbon dioxide may alter yields of world crops at 112 sites in 18 countries. (Figure 9.1). The crop models used were CERES-Wheat (Ritchie and Otter, 1985; Godwin et al., 1989), CERES-Maize (Jones and Kiniry, 1986; Ritchie et al., 1989), CERES-Rice (Godwin et al., 1993) and SOYGRO (Jones et al., 1989).

    The IBSNAT models are comprised of parameterizations of important physiological processes responsible for plant growth and development, evapotranspiration, and partitioning of photosynthate to produce economic yield. The simplified functions enable prediction of growth of crops as influenced by the major factors that affect yields, i.e., genetics, climate (daily solar radiation, maximum and minimum temperatures, and precipitation), soils, and management practices. The models include a soil moisture balance submodel so that they can be used to predict both rainfed and irrigated crop yields. The cereal models simulate the effects of nitrogen fertilizer on crop growth, and these were studied in several countries in the context of climatic change. For the most part, however, the results of this study assume optimum nutrient levels.

    The IBSNAT models were selected for use in this study because they have been validated over a wide range of environments (e.g., Otter-Nacke et al., 1986) and are not specific to any particular location or soil type. The validation of the crop models over different environments also improves their ability to estimate effects of changes in climate. Furthermore, because management practices, such as the choice of varieties, planting date, fertilizer application and irrigation, may be varied in the models, they permit experiments that simulate adaptation by farmers to climate change.

    Insect and Pests

    The problem that insect and pests constitute may be higher when the atmosphere becomes warmer on a prolonged term because they are known to survive or even reproduce more rapidly each year if the warm weather conditions persist.

    Crop growers in Canada and the NE Washington know that this is already happening because pine bark beetles are multiplying rapidly and are causing devastation to large tracts of forests .

    Migration of insect and pests from one region to another is possible when climate changes leading to changes in humidity and temperatures.

    Commercial fisheries may also be affected when different type of fishes shift from one region to the other in response to changes in weather conditions and temperature.

    Really, the threats of global food supply won’t affect countries and regions of the world equally. If a country loses its arable land due to climate change, the resources or favorable weather to pursue cost-effective alternatives and maintain its food security may be lacking. Though we hope that advancement in technology would bring succour to humanity in the worst case scenarios of climate change but since some countries are more susceptible to unfavorable international trade agreements than others, food distribution may be disrupted in some parts of the world.

    Additional resources:

    Climate Change and Diseases

    The health effects of climate change is one of the most important nonmarket impacts of climate change.

    Stress induced by a rise in heat level may increase heat strokes, dehydration, and deaths resulting from changes in weather . Allergies and respiratory health may also be triggered by climate change .

    Vector borne diseases (VBD) often thrive more rapidly due to the effects of climate change. Life-cycles of pathogens can be affected by changes in climate. For example, drought and hot summer temperatures have been found to rapidly increase the number of West Nile virus incidents. California could be at risk of a break out of exotic vectors like those responsible for yellow fever and dengue fever if raining season gets unduly prolonged.  

    In addition, VBDs may cross geographical boundaries and extend beyond current ranges making more people to be at risk of contracting VBD. Extreme events occasioned by severe changes in climate could threaten lives and where people fail to adapt, untold suffering may occur.

    The deadly dozen that may increse due to climate change:

    • Bird flu: H5N1 infections are becoming the rule rather then the exception in farmed poultry worldwide, and even wild birds are showing signs of infection more often. It has forced the culling of millions of ducks, chickens and geese globally—and has killed more than 240 people—resulting in at least $100 billion in economic losses.
    • Babesiosis: This malarialike disease carried by ticks is endemic in the tropics, but has cropped up everywhere from Italy to Long Island, N.Y. It is rare in humans at present and seldom deadly (treatable with antibiotics) but may become more problematic as the globe warms, providing more welcoming environments.
    • Cholera: This bacterium thrives in warmer waters and causes diarrhea so severe that it can kill within a week. Without improved sanitation, rising global temperatures will increase deadly outbreaks.
    • Ebola: This virus is lethal to humans and other primates, and has no cure. In addition, it is unclear where the disease, which causes fever, vomiting and internal or external bleeding, comes from—though scientists suspect fruit bats. What is clear is that outbreaks tend to follow unusual downpours or droughts in central Africa—a likely result of climate change.
    • Parasites: Many spread easily between humans, livestock and wildlife. Higher average temperatures and more rainfall will help many parasites, such as the tiny worms known as Baylisascaris procyonis that are spread by raccoons, to thrive in the wild before finding a host.
    • Lyme disease: This bacterium-caused disease will spread as climate changes extend the ranges of the ticks that carry it.
    • Plague: Changes in temperature and rainfall will affect rodent populations globally as well as the infected fleas they carry.
    • "Red tides": Poisonous algal blooms in coastal waters may increase as a result of warming temperatures or changes in littoral sea life.
    • Rift Valley fever: A newly emergent virus, carried by mosquitoes that causes fever and weakness, has spread quickly through Africa and the Middle East, killing people, along with camels, cattle, goats and sheep.
    • Tuberculosis: Both the human and livestock varieties of TB are likely to increase, particularly the latter as droughts bring livestock and wildlife into closer proximity at watering holes.
    • Yellow fever: Mosquitoes spread this disease, which causes fever and jaundicelike symptoms, between wildlife and humans, and will likely spread into new areas as the climate changes.

    More resources:

    Climate Change Policy

    Evolving a climate change policy that works can take many forms that includes individual action, political action government action and actions of watchdogs like the environmental protection agency (EPA).

    The EPA is saddled with many responsibilities that include:

    • collecting and publishing emissions data
    • developing regulatory framework geared towards promoting a clean energy economy
    • gathering and evaluating policy options
    • forming international partnership towards advancing minimizing carbon footprint
    • advancing the science

    This agency also helps communities prepare for climate change and how adapt to it.

    In 1988 the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) set up theIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), an expert body that would assess scientific information on climate change. As a reaction to the concerns raised in the IPCC’s First Assessment Report the UN General Assembly established the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Framework Convention on Climate Change. The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted in May 1992 and entered into force in 1994. The convention included the commitment to stabilise greenhouse gas emissions at 1990 levels by 2000.

    Agreed in 1997, the UNFCCC’s Kyoto Protocol is a first step towards achieving more substantial global emission reductions. It sets binding emission targets for developed countries that have ratified it, such as the EU Member States, and limits the emission increases of the remaining countries for the first commitment period from 2008 to 2012. The 15 pre-2004 EU Member States (the EU-15) have a joint emission reduction target of 8 % below 1990 levels. Through the internal EU "burden-sharing agreement", some EU Member States are permitted increases in emissions, while others must decrease them. Most Member States that joined the EU after 1 May 2004 have targets of -6 % to -8 % from their base years (mostly 1990).

    Individual Action on Climate Change

    The individual action involves making various choices that limit and/or reduce the potential impacts posed by climate change on our environment. For example, choosing a diet low on carbon will minimize carbon footprint on the long run.

    A research report gave an estimate of the carbon footprint from the U.S. food system to be about 20 percent of the aggregate of the greenhouse emissions from the entire nation.  This estimate might be very conservative since it was based on the direct sources in the U.S. without considering food imported into the U.S. Industrial meat, industrially produced food and dairy among others constitute high carbon diet. The carbon footprint for food is not only measured based on waste of food but also on the entire chain involving production, processing, packaging, transport, and the actual stages involved with the preparation of food.

    Vegan Choices: A report by the United Nations Environment Programme advocated a shift from high carbon food choices to vegan diet where less fossil fuel would be required to complete the chain from production to the point where the consumer prepares the food and, hence, less carbon dioxide will be released to the atmosphere.

    Political Actions on Climate Change

    There are many ways political action could be deployed to save the Earth from carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere.

    • Direct lobbying
    • Protests
    • Letters to representatives
    • laws on greenhouse gas emissions limits
    • Tax incentives
    • Regulations that specify market-based approaches and grant economic incentives for controlling emissions of pollutants
    • Government policies

    The U.S. and the Challenge of Climate Change Policy

    Recently President Barack Obama endorsed a long-term measure meant to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases considerably by 2050 to 80% below the levels recorded in 1990.

    The American Clean Energy and Security Act which target 2050 and advocate for 83% reduction below 2005 levels was recently passed by the U.S. House but the bill has not yet received the consent of the U.S. Senate.

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) continues its regulatory duties on environmental issues with a new regulatory framework on minimizing carbon footprint launched in 2011.

    In addition, several billion dollars are being proposed by the Obama administration towards developing green energy technologies to help mitigate the effects of climate change.

    More Resources:

    Climate Change Technological Innovation

    Experts have claimed that embracing technological innovation can reduce the cost of minimizing the impacts of climate change. Egg heads in Silicon Valley are working round the clock to discover cheap and reliable clean energy that would reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

    Concerted efforts are being made to design technological systems that would make one of the commonest green energy options – solar, wind or nuclear – energy relatively cheap and reliable.

    Some of the technological innovations:

    The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development suggests

    Provision of long-term policy signals that are sustainable to enable potential innovators and adopters of climate mitigating technologies gain the confidence to embark on the investments.

    Placing a price on greenhouse gas emissions through tradable permits or taxes to provide incentives to complete the stages of the innovative idea.

    Provision of a mix of relevant policy measures to strengthen innovators to face all barriers to the development and diffusion of all climate change limiting technologies.

    Innovation in the energy sector

    The way in which some of these basic principles of innovation play out in practice varies radically between different sectors. Information technology and pharmaceuticals, for example, are both characterized by high degrees of innovation, with rapid technological change financed by private investment amounting typically to 10-20% of sector turnover (Neuhoff, 2005). However this offers a dramatic contrast with power generation, for example, where the same fundamental technology has dominated for almost a century and private sector RD&D has fallen sharply with privatisation of energy industries to the point where it is under 0.4% of turnover (Margolis and Kammen,1999).

    There may be several reasons for this low inherent innovation-intensity. Processing large amounts of energy may inherently involve big capital investment and long timescales, which naturally increases risk and deters private finance; each stage in the innovation chain can take a decade, and diffusion is equally slow. Perhaps more fundamentally however, the R&Dintensive sectors (like IT and pharmaceuticals) are ones in which competition is essentially all around product differentiation (a better computer / mobile phone; a better drug) whereas innovation in power generation is basically about efficiency and price in delivering the same product (electrons). This is a far weaker driver. And compared to a new product that captures public imagination and commands a large market combined with a high price premium, price-based competition has dramatically less scope for offsetting big risks against the prospect of huge rewards.

    More Resources on climate change and technological innovation:

    Creating a Global Price for Carbon

    Carbon pricing which is also known as cap-and –trade is the climate change mitigating measure most preferred by business leaders and economists .

    This strategy of curbing greenhouse emissions is hinged on the idea that those who emit carbon dioxide and pollute the atmosphere should be made to pay a price for their actions. Carbon pricing is either a direct carbon tax or an allowance paid for permits to emit carbon. Where a permit is granted, it is tradable privately and emissions are limited to the cap (the total number of permits granted), hence, carbon pricing is also cap-and-trade system of minimizing carbon emissions.

    A few international businesses like Walmart, Google and Shell have started introducing the use of internal carbon pricing into their investment planning as an incentive and a tool for strategic planning that could give them competitive edge in the long-term. Though internal carbon pricing being practiced now by a few global companies won’t significantly lead to a reduction in global emissions yet it is a good decision that would create significant impact if embraced on scale.

    Monetary Value of Carbon Emissions

    A recent World Bank report shows that 39 national and 23 sub-national jurisdictions have implemented or about to implement carbon pricing strategies that includes carbon taxes and emissions trading systems. In addition, the global emissions trading schemes have been estimated to be worth around $30 billion with the second largest carbon pricing market now sited in China with about 1,115 million tons of CO2 emissions.

    The World Bank reported the total value of the global carbon market to be $176 billion in 2011 which illustrates a rapid growth rate from $11 billion reported for 2005 . Countries, companies and sub-national jurisdictions around the world are being encouraged by the World Bank to be a part of the growing movement that supports carbon pricing.

    More resources on pricing carbon

    Transitioning to a Low Carbon Economy

    There are great opportunities and enormous challenges ahead as the world strives to transition to a low-carbon economy. In the first instance, the emerging eco-friendly technological innovations will present an opportunity for commercialization which can further catalyze global economic growth while also carving out a niche market.

    On the other hand, it will require a significant capital investment to transition from the present state where the global economy is largely dependent on carbon energy supply. The challenge is even greater when we consider the extent of the transition we will have to undergo from our present state.

    To give you an order of magnitude of the capital required, the International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates we need $10.5 trillion in incremental investment globally in low-carbon energy technologies and energy efficiency by 2030. This estimate is across all sectors, including power, transport, residential and commercial building equipment, and industrial sectors, in order to limit global temperature increases to 2 degrees Celsius, the threshold that the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has identified as necessary for “avoiding catastrophic climate change.”

    The literature after the IPCC’s Third Assessment Report explored in much more depth the role of technological change in economic modelling and how policies might induce and accelerate such change. The models suggest that international coordination could lead to faster technological change and more benefits. In particular, the Innovation Modelling Comparison Project (IMCP)1 co-ordinated modelling teams in a study of the achievement of 450 ppm CO2-only stabilisation, which (under special assumptions about the abatement of the non-CO2 GHGs) can be converted to 550 ppm CO2-e. The key feature of the study is that it compared scenarios with and without induced technological change (ITC).

    source: http://www.theclimategroup.org/_assets/files/Macroeconomics-effects-of-the-Low-Carbon-Economy.pdf

    There are three central aspects of the problem:

    Urgency – the critical constraint on avoiding a 2ºC degree warming will be the time taken to develop and deploy the industries of the low-carbon economy.

    The Catch 22 of low-carbon industrial development – many zero and low emission commodities are currently low volume and therefore high cost. They will naturally increase in volume and decrease in cost – even to the point of being cheaper than fossil fuels (as has already occurred with solar hot water, biomass and wind power in several countries). But the issue of urgency means that this process has to be short-circuited so that high volumes are developed and deployed even at high cost.

    Developing countries are where the climate challenge will be won or lost, but the deployment of high cost, low-carbon solutions represents a real opportunity cost compared to short term poverty eradication, and a competitive disadvantage to third party funders.

    Addtional resources, papers and discussion on transition to low carbon economy:

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    Brunnermeier, S.B. and M.A. Cohen (2003), ‘’Determinants of environmental innovation in US manufacturing industries’’ Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Vol. 45. pp. 278-293. 

    Robert Kunzig in Meridian Mississippi National Geographic: Clean Coal Test: Power Plants Prepare to Capture Carbon. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2014/03/140331-carbon-capture-kemper-coal-climate/

    Andy Jones et al., (2013) The Impact of abrupt suspension of solar radiation management (terminal effect) in experiment G2 of the Geoengineering model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jgrd.50762/abstract

    Lenny Bernstein (2013). Sicentists studying solar radiation management as a way to cool planet. Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/scientists-studying-solar-radiation-management-as-a-way-to-cool-planet/2013/09/08/cfb9def8-170c-11e3-be6e-dc6ae8a5b3a8_story.html

    Promoting Technological Innovation to Address Climate Change. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. http://www.oecd.org/env/cc/49076220.pdf

    Why Business Leaders Support a Price on Carbon. World Bank Feature Story August 11, 2014. http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2014/08/11/business-leaders-support-carbon-pricing

    State and Trends of the Carbon Market 2012; World Bank

     

    This entry was posted in: Blog.

    World Food Day

    World Food Day

    IN THE REPORT: Inequalities of Food Distribution, FAO (purpose, history, progress), Global Undernourishment, Climate Change and Food, Future Food Systems, World Food Day 2014

    Land Mass vs The Population Density

    • The total land area of all continents is 148,429,630 square kilometers (57,308,738 sq mi), or 29.1% of Earth’s surface (510,067,450 km2 or 196,937,240 sq mi).
    • The inhabitable portion of Earth is only 43 percent of its land mass, 63,824,740 sq km (24,642,584 sq mi).
    • The total population of all seven continents is an estimated 7.12 billion as of mid-2014 and global population density works out to 111.55 per km2.

    In other words, each person on earth has as much as 8,965 sq m to live in, discounting the use of land for any purpose. That seems a lot, but is hardly the case in real life as explained later.

    Ancient Greek sailors predate the Roman and it fell to their lot to name the land masses they came across. They named such land masses on either side of the waterways of the Aegean Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea as Asia and Africa. The Aegean Sea was the center of their world; anything to the east was Asia, to the north and west Europe, and to the south, Africa.

    Population Density

    The popular seven-continent view is best suited to show how population density is to be considered when relating food availability to the number of people to feed.

    The first factor to consider is their relative population density. Asia is the most densely populated continent, housing a large number of people who do not get two square meals a day. Europe, with very high population density, has no such problems. The deduction is simple: better education and knowledge of optimal crop growing and livestock rearing techniques make for a better output, leading to self sufficiency in food.

    Most of Black Africa is in dire straits. North America has surplus food and is the largest exporter of foodgrain. It is also the largest donor of such foodgrain as well as processed food, like powdered milk, to various countries affected by famine, whether sporadic, regular or otherwise. South America is comprised of too many countries to be as magnanimous as its northern neighbor.

    Population Density Chart

    A chart of population density as of today is given below, as Chart 1, followed by charts on Continental data as Charts 2 and 3.


    CONTINENT
    POPULATION PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL POPULATION LAND MASS IN KM2 POPULATION DENSITY PER KM2
    ASIA 4,264,252,000 60.00% 44,579,000 98.4
    AFRICA 1,072,234,000 15.00% 30,065,000 35.67
    NORTH AMERICA 562,056,000 8.00% 24,256,000 23.3
    SOUTH AMERICA 402,555,000 6.00% 17,819,000 23.2
    ANTARCTICA 5,000 0.00% 13,209,000 0
    EUROPE 778,199,000 11.00% 9,938,000 76.44
    AUSTRALIA 30,127,000 0.40% 7,687,000 3.2
    TOTAL 7,119,428,000 100% 148,429,000 48.18

    Chart 1: Population Percentage and Density

    Chart 2: Continents as a Percentage of Land Mass

    Chart 3: Comparison of Intra-continental Area (by Tens of Millions of Sq Km) and Population (Billions of People)

    Child Mortality Rate

    Eons back, there was sufficient food for everybody. As population grew, so did food production, since the numbers and quantities required remained very low. Child mortality was high since there were no medical facilities to speak of. Longevity was also low, and many people died in their prime in epidemics of untreatable diseases like malaria, smallpox, bubonic plague, tuberculosis and others. Famines and droughts, though prevalent, were a rarity. Women were married at puberty and gave birth at 13-14 years; people were considered old at 40 and 55-60 years was a ripe old age to die at.

    Matters, as they stand today, are becoming alarmingly grave in a perverse but necessary perspective. Consider child mortality. Child mortality is the death of a child below five years of age and is often called Under-5 mortality. Close to 50 percent of child deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa.

    Chart 4.  Child Mortality in Millions

    Improved medical care and technology is reducing child mortality. The same improved medical care and technology is permitting aging people to live longer, so that the number of mouths to feed is increasing. There are two ways of looking at this. The first is joyful, happily so. And the second?

    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

    History of the FAO

    Each successful birth and each successful life extended translates into the snipping off of lebensraum, living space. The global average works out to 234,200 additional lives per day. Whether these people are rural or urban is of little consequence, since they require both food and shelter. Where can this food and land come from? More food requires more arable land. Going vertical is only a part-time solution to reduce loss of land to housing, and will create immense infrastructural complexities to solve in the cities that go vertical. Paris, London, Delhi, most metros and several US cities already have severe parking problems. People will need more water for drinking, washing and bathing and more piped gas for cooking. In the final analysis, the extra land required will come from farm land, one way or the other. This means that the arable land required to grow foodstuff will keep reducing day by day. The world would be better off if it could revert to the population numbers prevailing in 1900 AD, insofar as the food situation is concerned, without being as acerbic as Eric R. Pianka, “For everyone presently on this planet to enjoy the lifestyle of an average American, we would need about ten planet Earths. We have only one. For everyone to live like an American, Earth can only support about one-tenth as many people. To increase the average quality of life, the number of people on Earth must be reduced.” Fortunately, most US citizens have a balanced and rational opinion. The point here is that the American way of life is considered the global standard, to be emulated in toto.

    This matter of hunger did not go unnoticed. Most of Africa and South Asia was found to be undernourished, after acquiring and assessing relevant statistics in 1935, when the ‘marriage of health and agriculture’ was first promulgated at the League of Nations. Just before being dragged into WW II, the US did forge a general plan to look into global hunger and attempt to assuage it. However, it was only after WW II ended that the US could relook at its past venture. Late in 1945, the United Nations set up a committee to look into the global food situation and what the pressing needs were. The driving force behind this movement came from the USA and Canada. The date was 16 October and the committee The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The venue was Quebec City, Quebec, Canada; the number of participating countries: 42. This is an important date to remember.

    The General Rules of the Organization stated that the seat of the Organization would be situated at the same place as the headquarters of the United Nations Organization. Pending a decision regarding the headquarters of the UN, the headquarters of the Organization was to be in Washington.

    The United Nations was founded eight days after FAO, in New York. It then became clear to the FAO hierarchy that the huge metropolitan centre would not suit an organization that dealt with or would be dealing with food, fisheries, agriculture and forestry. A different site therefore had to be found, and the General Rule changed. It took four years, till the FAO Conference in end 1949, for a final decision to be made. Nobody wanted to leave the Big Apple, but the HQ reluctantly moved to Rome by 1951. Interestingly, even the Gods did not like the idea of the move, since one of its ships, carrying 15 percent of FAO equipment, was all but wrecked in a storm over the Atlantic.

    The Purpose of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

    The FAO is the designated agency of the United Nations tasked with leading international efforts to battle hunger at its source and overcome it so that every human being sees fructification of his right to live. The FAO’s long term aim is to achieving food security for all– to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. Their three main goals were:

    • Eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition
    • Elimination of poverty and the driving forward of economic and social progress for all
    • Sustainable management and utilization of natural resources, including land, water, air, climate and genetic resources for the benefit of present and future generations.

    Decentralization of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

    Early in the 1990s, the FAO embarked on its most highly goal oriented study: To check whether there was any barrier to both vertical and lateral communications, the fundamental objective being to bridge and close gaps and take FAO as close as possible to its members. This called for the widest-ranging reorganization since its founding. The allied problem to be solved was that reorganization was not possible without a decentralized structure, a management system with increased delegation of authority, and an environment that encouraged creativity and initiative. While decentralization has its pros, in this specific case, FAO found that it was overspending in certain areas, at times duplicating effort and cost. After verifying that lack of proper integration was indeed costing them €35 million per year in 1994, FAO decentralized its departments and offices.

    THE 7 DEPARTMENTS OF THE FAO THE 7 OFFICES OF THE FAO
    1 Agriculture and Consumer Protection Corporate Communications and External Relations
    2 Corporate Services, Human Resources and Finance Evaluation
    3 Economic and Social Development Inspector-General
    4 Fisheries and Aquaculture Knowledge Exchange
    5 Forestry Research and Extension
    6 Natural Resources Management and Environment Strategy Planning, Resource Management and Support
    7 Technical Cooperation Decentralisation

    Chart 5: The Departments and Offices of FAO

    Further Decentralization

    • Regional Offices: Regional Offices were created for Africa, in Accra, Ghana; for Asia and the Pacific, in Bangkok, Thailand; for Europe and Central Asia, in Budapest, Hungary; for Latin America and the     Caribbean, in Santiago, Chile and for the Near East, in Cairo, Egypt (moved to Rome in 1956 due Suez War).
    • Sub-regional Offices: Sub-regional Office were created for Central Africa in Libreville, Gabon; for Central America in Panama City, Panama; for Central and Eastern Europe in Budapest, Hungary; for Central Asia in Ankara, Turkey; for Eastern Africa in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; for North Africa in Tunis, Tunisia, for Southern Africa and East Africa in Harare, Zimbabwe; for the Caribbean in Bridgetown, Barbados; for the Pacific Islands in Apia, Samoa and for Western Africa in Accra, Ghana.
    • Liaison Offices: Liaison Offices were created for North America, in Washington, D.C.; with Japan, in Yokohama; with the European Union and Belgium, in Brussels; with the United Nations, in Geneva and with the United Nations, in New York (ibid).

    Their strategic objectives were relooked at and expanded as listed below:

    Expanded Objectives of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

    • Help Eliminate Hunger, Food Insecurity and Malnutrition.

    FAO realized that there was sufficient global capacity to grow enough foodstuffs to feed everyone adequately; yet, despite the progress made since 1994, 842 million people still suffer from chronic hunger.

    Global Undernourishment Problem

    • One person in nine goes hungry.
    • Among children, about 162 million children below the age of five years are malnourished.

    Micronutrient deficiencies, or eating food with no nutritive values affect over two billion people worldwide, hindering human and socio-economic development and causal to the vicious cycle of malnutrition and underdevelopment. At the other end of the scale, around 500 million people are obese. The loss to mankind is huge, when malnutrition hampers productivity, health, well-being, the ability to learn, all seen as  reduced fulfillment of human potential.

    Number and Percentage of Undernourished Persons


    PERIOD
    NUMBERS IN MILLIONS PERCENTAGE GLOBAL POPULATION
    1990-1992 1015 19% 5432   Billion
    2000-2002 957 15% 6380   Billion
    2005-2007 907 14% 6479   Billion
    2008-2010 878 13% 6754   Billion
    2011-2013 842 12% 7016   Billion

    Chart 6

    UNDERNOURISHMENT CASE STUDY

    The South-South Cooperation (SSC) Program

    During the past decade, over 600 Chinese experts and technicians have been deployed in Nigeria to share their agricultural skills with local farmers. The South-South Cooperation (SSC) program, which has been fully funded by the Government of Nigeria and facilitated by the FAO, has benefited over one million people. The introduction of a wide range of technologies, from fish cage culture to drip irrigation, intensive poultry production to apiculture, has increased productivity and rural incomes. It is also helping the Government achieve the objectives of its Agricultural Transformation Agenda, which seeks to increase production, reduce food imports and provide millions of new jobs for young people. Nigeria has allocated significant resources from its annual budget amounting to US$ 42 million in support of the first five-year phase (2003–2007) of the SSC project implementation. During this first phase a total of 496 Chinese experts and technicians were deployed to 36 states in Nigeria. Based on the achievements recorded in the first phase, the Federal Government of Nigeria approved the continuation of the program and launched the second phase of five years in 2009 at a cost of US$ 19.6 million. The second phase has the same objective of assisting Nigeria develop its agricultural sector through the introduction of simple and low-cost Chinese agricultural technologies to farmers. Information provided by the states suggested that over one million people have been trained on the use of various technologies introduced by the SSC program.

    Making Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries More Productive and Sustainable

    Global population is expected to increase to 9 billion by 2050. The highest rates of growth are expected to occur in areas that depend heavily on their crops, livestock, forestry and fisheries, yet cannot reduce the prevailing rates of food insecurity. Improved agricultural output is the best method of cutting down poverty while acquiring food security. Innovation is needed in this sector to increase productivity, preserve natural resources using inputs effectively. Such an approach will need collective participation of small holders, women, locals and marginalized groups. The odds may seem stacked against the small or family farmer, but it is a battle that, when guided properly, can be won.

    Natural resources, such as oceans, land mass and water are a constant entity, and the more forward looking will quickly harness their latent potential. Labor presently available for production will reduce as lifestyle changes take place in rural areas. Continuous changes in practices will foster new or mutated pests and diseases. Climate change will degrade natural resources and impact the agriculture sector. Since these are a source of concern to FAO, its vision looks across this entire sector to focus on:

    • increasing efficiency, achieving higher productivity at a reduced volume of input.
    • managing ecological as well as economic risks linked to production systems in the agricultural sector, including vermin, illnesses and climate change;
    • identifying how ecosystem services work as well as their inputs to environmental conservation and enhancing them.
    • facilitating access to new technologies.
    • Reduce rural poverty

    The rural poor are day-to-day provenders, family farmers, landless agricultural hands and include fisherfolk, nomads who raise livestock on natural pastures and forest-dependent people with no or limited access to productive means. Hunger and food insecurity are known expressions of rural poverty and the majority of the world’s destitute live in rural areas. Reducing rural poverty becomes central to FAO’s mission. FAO has been instrumental in lifting many rural areas out of poverty over the past decades. In 1990, 54% of people living in rural areas in developing countries survived on less than $1.25 a day. By 2010, this number was brought down to 35%. Even today, rural poverty is endemic in South Asia and Africa. Getting more humans out of rural poverty is essential to retain the dignity of mankind; it is a vital ingredient of sustainable food security.

    Enabling Inclusive and Efficient Agricultural and Food Systems

    A side effect of globalization has been the inclusion of Agriculture in a high-tech Supply Chain Management (SCM) system. Apart from convoluting the push-pull balance of demand by Less Developed Countries, the SCM is threatening to isolate small players from the chain by elevating the threshold to levels beyond their economic capability. The roots of hunger lie in inequalities in access to resources. Right now, many farmers in poor countries—the people who grow the food the world relies on—don’t have the power to access the resources they need to thrive. As agriculture becomes more techno and capital intensive, undereducated players are seeing their dim hopes receding even further. Against this setting, FAO is trying to intercede on behalf of the smaller players to help them address the new challenges they have to face across the value chain.

    Increasing Resilience of Livelihoods from Disasters

    Natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, pests and disease outbreaks, droughts, etc., have occurred since Noah’s days, but climate change seems to be increasing their frequency and power. So far, humanitarian agencies were required to focus primarily on disaster relief. A new paradigm is needed that emphasizes reducing risks to enhance resilience to shocks. This approach, requiring bottom to top action from local to global levels through their country, intends to make sure that humanity can forecast, cope with and bounce back from all setbacks efficiently and sustainably. And we can do without unwanted additions like wars!
    The World Food Day Since Inception

    In a concept of capsule plans on a yearly basis, it was decided in the 1945 to move towards removal of rural poverty in small steps, with a meeting every year where progress would be highlighted, areas of failure identified and remedial measures instituted while setting up the targets for the following year. In 1979, it was decided to bring global problems to the forefront and make the public at large aware of happenings on the food front. One issue to be highlighted was that a war in any part of the world would be detrimental to the global cause. Regrettably, countries flush with money from oil production and sale took little heed of the noble cause, secure in the knowledge that could buy their food, cost irrespective.

    It was also decided that the 16th of October of every year starting 1981 would be known as The World Food Day of that year.

    Year FAO Global Theme and Materials U.S. Teleconference Theme
    2014 Family Farming : “Feeding the world, caring for the earth”
    2013 Sustainable food systems for food security and nutrition
    2012 Agricultural cooperatives – key to feeding the world
    2011 Food prices – from crisis to stability
    2010 United against hunger
    2009 Achieving food security in times of crisis
    2008 World Food Security: challenges of climate change & bioenergy Choices for a Warm and Hungry Planet
    2007 The right to food Climate: Changes, Challenges and Consequences
    2006 Investing in agriculture for food security Power of the People: Bottom-up Solutions to Hunger
    2005 Agriculture and intercultural dialogue Reflections on Fighting Hunger: Roads not Taken; Goals not Met; The Journey Ahead
    2004 Biodiversity for food security Politics of Hunger: What’s at Stake?
    2003 Working together for an International Alliance to End Hunger Collaboration or Calamity: Africa in Peril
    2002 Water: Source of Food Security Hungry Farmers:  A National Security Issue for all
    2001 Fight Hunger to Reduce Poverty World Food System: Serving Some or Serving All
    2000 A Millennium Free from Hunger Poverty and Hunger: The Tragic Link
    1999 Youth Against Hunger Tomorrow’s Farmers: An Uncertain Future
    1998 Women Feed the World Food for All: Right or Goal
    1997 Investing in Food Security World Food Summit: Promises and Prospects
    1996 Fighting Hunger and Malnutrition People Power: Harvest of Hope
    1995 Food for All Fighting Hunger: Looking Back. Looking Ahead
    1994 Water for Life Sharing Water: Farms, Cities and Ecosystems
    1993 Harvesting Nature’s Diversity Seeds of Conflict: Biodiversity and Food Security
    1992 Food and Nutrition Nutrition: Linking Food. Health and Development
    1991 Trees for life The Hunger Puzzle
    1990 Food for the future Food for the Future: Science. Policy and Ethics
    1989 Food and the environment Food,  Environment and Development
    1988 Rural youth Global Food Security: Focus on Africa
    1987 Small farmers Right to Food: From Awareness to Action
    1986 Fishermen and fishing communities Hunger Amidst Plenty
    1985 Rural Poverty Food & Poverty: Perspectives. Policies. Prospects.
    1984 Women in Agriculture 1984 – World Food Conference – Ten Years Later
    1983 Food Security
    1982 Food Comes First
    1981 Food Comes First

    Chart 7  Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Food_Day/ & / http://www.worldfooddayusa.org/about_us

    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) : 1945-1979

    WW II had destroyed agricultural production across billions of acres. Factories related thereto were destroyed or switched to make armament. Existing channels in the global distribution of agriculture-related products were either obliterated or disrupted. FAO was struggling in extremely difficult times, along with the reconstruction of nations as existential, per se. Seen dispassionately, nothing seemed to be happening on the FAO front, other than lip service. It was only after the Vietnam War had run its course that the US could increase focus on internal issues.

    The principal drivers behind FAO have remained the USA and Canada, with other advanced nations chipping in. The USA was busy fighting wars on other countries’ territories for various reasons or organizing their reconstruction. A major chunk of its finances was lost there, with internal repercussions and reduced aid to countries it had pledged assistance to. A timeline 1945-1979 is listed below:

    • 1945 – 55. US forces present in China, Japan, Philippines, Austria.
    • 1945–49 – Occupation of part of Germany, countering the USSR threat.
    • 1945–49 – Post-World War II occupation of South Korea; North Korean insurgency in Republic of Korea. 1947 sees India and Pakistan becoming independent.
    • 1950–53 – Korean War.
    • 1950–55 – Formosa (Taiwan).
    • 1955–64 – Vietnam.
    • 1959–75 – Vietnam War. This war is now seen as unnecessary and extremely expensive in terms of finance and human lives. 20 years were spent in a lost cause, since South Vietnam has ceased

    to exist. Ironically, USA assisted in the Vietnamization, or bonding, of the two separate halves.

    • 1962–75 – Laos.
    • 1970 – Cambodian Campaign.

    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO): 1981-2013

    American intervention in the affairs of other nations reduced to external support, though some wars were either forced or prolonged. Technology cut down action periods from years to weeks! Some operations conducted are listed below:

    • 1987–88 – Persian Gulf.
    • 1990 – Saudi Arabia: Operation Desert Shield.
    • 1991 – Iraq and Kuwait: Operation Desert Storm.
    • 1992–96 – Bosnia and Herzegovina: Operation Provide Promise.
    • 1992–2003 – Iraq: Iraqi no-fly zones.
    • 1995 – Bosnia: Operation Deliberate Force.
    • 1996 – Kuwait: Operation Desert Strike.
    • 2001 – War in Afghanistan.
    • 2010–11 – War in Iraq: Operation New Dawn.

    Comparison with Chart 6


    PERIOD
    NUMBERS IN MILLIONS PERCENTAGE GLOBAL POPULATION
    1990-1992                    1015 19% 5432   Billion
    2000-2002 957 15% 6380
    2005-2007 907 14% 6479
    2008-2010 878 13% 6754
    2011-2013 842 12% 7016

    Chart 8 (Repeat of Chart 6)

    This comparison shows that reduction of poverty stricken individuals is directly proportional to the downsizing of American forces deployed in battle conditions. This is not to say that the US is the sole country providing aid under the FAO plan, but to reinforce the concept that it is the principal driving force behind reducing poverty and poverty-related problems. Statistics do not lie.

    Another point that needs reiteration is population density. If you were to stand up and say that one percent (1%) of the population of Asia had AIDS, it would imply that a number 1.4 times the population of the entire continent of Australia was affected. More people travel at any given time on the rail network in India than the population of Denmark. Bangladesh, with a population density of 2,595.74 per sq mile tops the list of reasonably sized countries, followed by South Korea at 1,273.50, Japan at 873.42 and India at 851.04. The USA is at 79.55, ranked 142 out of 192 countries.

    The FAO and UN’s Post-2015 Development Agenda

    The UN’s Millenium Development Goals (MDG) agenda is the overall framework within which the High Level Panel on the UN’s 15-year Development Agenda falls. The aim of this panel is to chart a 15-year program with defined targets for the period. The 2000-2015 report has been released, and the achievements listed. It runs as follows:

    Remarkable Achievements Since 2000

    After the MDGs were adopted, dozens of developing-country planning ministries, hundreds of international agencies and thousands of civil society organizations (CSOs) rallied behind them. Together, they have contributed to remarkable achievements; half a billion fewer people in extreme poverty; about three million children’s lives saved each year. Four out of five children now get vaccinated for a range of diseases. Maternal mortality gets the focused attention it deserves. Deaths from malaria have fallen by one-quarter. Contracting HIV is no longer an automatic death sentence. In 2011, 590 million children in developing countries – a record number – attended primary school. This unprecedented progress was driven by a combination of economic growth, government policies, civil society engagement and the global commitment to the MDGs.

    Given this success, it would be a mistake to start a new development agenda from scratch. There is much unfinished business from the MDGs. Some countries achieved a great deal, but others, especially low-income, conflict affected countries, achieved much less. In our discussions, we became aware of a gap between reality on the ground and the statistical targets that are tracked. We realized that the next development agenda must build on the real experiences, stories, ideas and solutions of people at the grassroots, and that we, as a Panel, must do our best to understand the world through their eyes and reflect on the issues that would make a difference to their lives.

    As may be expected, the bottom line of both the FAO and the UN’s Post-2015 Development Agenda are the same; just the wording is separate. As the Executive Report puts it:

    1. Leave no one behind.

    We must finish the job. After 2015 we should end extreme poverty, in all its forms. We should ensure that no person – regardless of ethnicity, gender, geography, disability, race or other status – is denied universal human rights and basic economic opportunities.

    1. Put sustainable development at the core.

    Only by mobilizing social, economic and environmental action together can we eradicate poverty irreversibly and meet the aspirations of eight billion people in 2030.

    1. Transform economies for jobs and inclusive growth.

    A quantum leap forward is required in economic opportunities and a profound economic transformation to end extreme poverty and improve livelihoods.

    1. Forge a new global partnership.

    We must build a new partnership underpinning mutual respect and mutual benefit involving governments and others: people living in poverty, those with disabilities and traditionally marginalized groups.

    As far as the FAO is concerned, the word poverty is symbolic of both hunger and malnutrition. That is why World Food Day 2014 is so important. It should reflect progress on the lines of those put forward by global leaders as summarized above.

    Relation Between FAO and the World Health Organization

    The relation between FAO and the World Health Organization: The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) is an international expert scientific committee that is administered jointly by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). It has been meeting since 1956, initially to evaluate the safety of food additives and gradually increasing its ambit.

    JECFA has since checked 2,500 + food additives, around 40 contaminants and toxicants that are natural, besides remnants of close to 90 veterinary drugs. A set of guidelines and principles have been created to assess existing toxic agents, update them in consonance with technical advancement in toxicology as well as relevant sciences, and validate them. Importers subject food items coming from outside the state and react according to the test results. The recent ban on import of mangoes from India by the EU is a case in point.

    Their area of work thus is focused on assessment of risks, if any and the safety appraisal of all additives to food, whether intentionally added or not. They also check out processing aids and flavoring agents, natural toxins and the risk involved in working with such additives. A comprehensive list of items checked for safety and quality is listed on their website. The Codex Alimentarius is the lexicon listing the food standards and guidelines and the certified codes of practice considered by the WTO as the benchmark for compiling regulations at the national level for food safety.

    FAO assists its member countries encouraging them to develop and expand their capacities so that food safety as well as quality become key in guarding the health/well-being of locals while advising them how to go about accessing their domestic and regional markets before going global. Capacity Development then becomes the process wherein stakeholders can improve their utility from farm to table. They then become responsible in providing a guarantee with respect to the same two vital factors, viz, the safety and the quality of food destined for internal consumption or for export. The main issues they lay stress on are:

    • Needs assessment
    • Policy advice
    • Food regulations
    • Food inspection
    • Risk analysis
    • Good hygiene practices and Hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP)
    • Effective participation in Codex
    • Voluntary standards & schemes
    • Public education and communication

    All agencies related to food also participate in the World Food Day Celebrations, including the World Food Program and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.

    CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOOD SECURITY: A CASE STUDY

    The USA is the global leader in corn production and export. Corn comprises 80 percent of the country’s grain harvest. On the international front, the U.S. corn crop is more than the sum of China’s grain harvests (rice and wheat). Corn now tops global grain production way ahead of wheat while almost twice that of rice. It can thus be called the world’s No 1 foodgrain.

    Spring 2012 saw U.S. farmers planting close to 96 million acres in corn, a record breaking figure over 75 years. The warm early days of spring got them off to a dream start, with exuberant analysts predicting a record harvest. Corn is a demanding grain−mild heat and plenty of water. Shortage of one or both has serious results. 2012 turned into a farmer’s nightmare: soaring heat leading to dehydration. From a record crop, it dropped to a normal crop. In June, deflated analysts called it a flop crop. As expected, costs soared to record highs.

    This case study clearly shows how climate change can affect food security. What is of great interest is the fact that the entire world hoped that the tide would turn, since a good grain harvest in the U.S. translates into a good carryover in grain stocks. This, in turn, regulates grain prices across the world. 2013 costs were predicted to be higher than average, an accurate forecast of gloomy news.

    Then comes the cascade. High grain costs force exporting countries to maintain a buffer stock through Govt control. Importing countries enter a tailspin and middlemen make a killing. The biggest stockist of grain is China, a fact revealed only in August 2014. A partial solution lies in innovation: better biological strains, induced hardiness to resist dehydration, optimal utilization of water and then the magic words-Population Control. The panacea to all global problems!

    Unnecessary Impediments: The 2014 Crimean Crisis

    All good intentions are negated by loss of international goodwill. The recent annexation of Crimea by Russia followed by the war in Donbass is a case in point. The ban on Russian imports by a number of countries led by the USA, the EU and Canada and the reciprocal total ban by Russia of imports from the European Union, United States, Norway, Canada and Australia is a retrograde step for the FAO. Its annual achievements are slender and such moves could set FAO back several years.

    Fortunately, the countries involved do not fall in the category of countries requiring assistance to reduce rural poverty. Both sub-Sahara Africa and Asia should not be affected significantly, but internal ramifications, particularly financial, may still affect donor countries’ contributions this year and the next. The Food Day 2014 report might show a relatively small change since the imbroglio started in February but international sanctions were emplaced only in August.

    United Nations Post-2015 Development Agenda: Where FAO Stands

    The core of the 2015-2030 agenda, with MDG and targets in mind, revolves around the following categories:

    • The Poverty Apex: It is possible to end extreme poverty and start the extension of prosperity to most people globally. The requirement would be unrelenting equitable economic growth coupled with access to credit and opportunities to move into entrepreneurship for the poor.
    • Human Needs and Capacities: Push to overcome unmet challenges of the past in areas like education, health, emancipation of womankind, specifically where linked to poverty and its obliteration.
    • The Resource Triad: Strengthen the defined resource triad (water and sanitation, energy and climate, and agriculture and food) to further concretize the props of sustainable development.
    • Enabling Environment: Look only at good governance that respects human rights, aims at peace and sustainability, and enables contemporary and green physical infrastructure.
    • Introducing the Corporate world and businessmen to MDGs.

    A concentrated assault on poverty should be made to restore human dignity, because poverty is the main obstacle to progress. The aim should not be crossing the definition of wage poverty as $1.25 per day. Note the location of food and agriculture.

    Note that poverty eradication has reached no. 3 spot in global opinion.

    Cybernated Farm Systems: An Interesting Concept

    Sustainability is no longer enough. That may shock you, but seen objectively, sustainability is only the beginning.  SUS + or Sustainability Plus has supplanted the concept calling for a move to overtake sustainability, thereby adding an extra dimension. That may sound heretic in an era where ‘sustainability’ is the programmed end result. On the other hand, we have depredated the globe to such an extent that we must remedy the damage done to the planet; sustainability can only be the beginning.  To go a step further, self sustenance is a homonym for a state of limbo, neither here nor there.

    Cybernated Farm Systems (CFS) is pushing the concept of SUS+ while explaining that we need to move out of limbo and give something back to the planet.  A good example would be the standard car. “It is sustainable to develop a vehicle that does not pollute, but it would be SUS+ if, by design, that vehicle also created potable water as a byproduct of its very operation,” say the staff at CFS, which is looking to go SUS+ in providing food.

    In the educated 21st century, why should anyone go hungry? Why can’t the shocking wastage of food at the current rate be eliminated? Why are gallons of fresh water used in catering for archaic agricultural practices? Yet we claim to be an advanced country in agricultural infotech capabilities. We have Smart Phones, Smart this, Smart that and more- where are our Smart Greenhouses?

    The gap between ‘advanced production’ of food and its distribution as clean, nourishing food to all people on the planet can be removed. CFS has devised a self-sustaining aquaponic system that will provide the hungry fruit, fish and half a dozen vegetables without using land. That makes them green at the start itself, ecologically conscious and vigorous in performance, and, as claimed, SUS+.  All that is required at the outset are enough fish to sustain a fish farm and enough fish food, plus a freshwater tank and interlink the two. Add solar panels, wind power generators and capacitors to store power and the system becomes self sustaining. It uses less than 10 percent the water a normal farm would use.

    Looking ahead, self-reliant partners like governments and organizations like Oxfam will be required to help create a Second Agricultural Revolution. The revolutionary point here is that there is no plan to feed people commercially, or recover land lost to antiquated 17th century agricultural systems which wasted fresh water and ravaged their topsoil. People will need to learn the simplest of methods of producing food, so that they rapidly acquire their needs for immediate survival.

    This advanced concept of food production should abolish any barrier between production and food distribution globally. Since their facilities are self sustaining, they can be emplaced in those parts of the world which has no infrastructure, thereby feeding the desperately hungry immediately. Location is no big deal; they can be snugly fitted into apartment complexes or areas under housing development, etc. In effect, they can be located on demand. The more arid the desert, the more the space available.

    When we see disturbing images of totally skeletal infants, with equally gaunt mothers, it triggers intense emotions within us. Nothing has changed in decades upon decades. A sense of guilt is not enough. Poverty was, is and will remain the major issue insofar as the development of humanity is concerned which is why this issue has stayed with us for centuries. The Internet is a global borderless communication network for free flow of information, and its utilization is growing exponentially. If that be so, why have we not yet been able to cater for the basic needs of one another? Why is nearly half the world without sufficient resources to survive? Can we rectify this ongoing atrocity? Of course we can.

    Today, poverty is not just unnecessary, it is an unacceptable reality in a fatalistic society that assumes it is just a way of life and that’s that. A lot of money has been donated but to no avail in the broader perspective. If we look at it from a different angle, we find it’s not the money that people need but access to food and resources directly through local means. This should be the thrust area, to give people access to resources by technological advancements and create an abundance of food and basic necessities we need to survive.

    People can bypass governments, have global connectivity, the power and tools to come together and share world changing ideas with millions and shape reality. Just one of CFS’ buildings can produce enough food to feed up to 600 people with half a dozen different types of fruits and vegetables each, giving a thrust to local food production to sustain the people and the community in need.

    World Food Day 2013
    In India, six percent of its people are being fed with grain produced by pumping groundwater. For China, 12 percent face the same problem. Water depletion looms large over harvests in China, India and the United States, the big three that together produce 50 percent of the world’s grain. Will water shortages affect harvests in the big three? Yes, it will. When? That’s the 64 million dollar question.   

    Case Study: What Happens When the Wells Go Dry

    Man can survive without food for up to 10 days, but not more than 48 hours without drinking water. There can be no substitute for water. Even food production depends on adequate water. The average human consumption of water is three liters a day, but that meal on your plate took 1,500 liters of water.

    Foodgrain is the prime supplier of our calories, supplemented by non-vegetarian intake. Vegans have a tough time getting their calories. Today, more than half the global grain harvest is grown on irrigated land. Irrigation thus plays a focal role in the growth of grain. Statistically, global irrigated land increased from 100 million hectares (250 million acres) in 1951 to 285 hectares (700 million acres) in 2000, a threefold rise. But the rise between 2010 and 2000 is less than 10 percent! The lesson behind this assumption by Lester R. Brown, President of the Earth Policy Institute and prolific writer on food related topics is, unfortunately, less than watertight. Drip irrigation is the preserve of the affluent and less than 10 percent of land irrigated in the Indian subcontinent is by the efficient drip method. The remainder is watered by the inefficient gravity feed system. Over 25 percent of water meant for irrigation is lost between the fount and the field and another 15 percent lost in routing the incoming water. If assistance is provided to countries like Sri Lanka and Pakistan, Brown’s figures will change dramatically. As it stands, India has just about started drip irrigation. The problem here is that the source of water in India is the aquifer/borewell.

    Irrigation water comes either from rivers or aquifers. Historically, irrigation water came from lakes behind dams across rivers. This water led to a network of gravity-fed canals, until the 1960s when building dams became anathema for a variety of reasons, mainly the consequent loss of poor farmers’ agricultural land. Farmers then turned to sinking wells into underground water resources.

    These water resources expanded global food production; the demand for food will keep climbing, as will the water pumped. Some day, extraction will exceed recharge from precipitation, water tables will fall, wells will go dry and the pumped water-based food bubble will burst.

    Some 18 countries are overpumping their aquifers, including China, India, the United States, Pakistan, Iran and Mexico. The most dramatic case is Saudi Arabia, water-poor if oil-rich. The 1973 Arab oil fracas saw the Saudis trying to gain self-sufficiency in wheat by developing irrigated agriculture based on underground water. They announced failure in 2008; wheat planting would cease in 2016. All 15 million tonnes of wheat, corn, barley and rice, required by its people would be imported. Syria, Iraq and Yemen will follow soon. Iran and Pakistan are next.

    Among the big three, USA, China and India, only 20 percent of the harvest in the US is from irrigated land. Most of the crop is rain-fed. Still, the U.S. Geological Survey estimates that 400,000 acres of farmland dried up statewide between 2000 and 2005. Falling water levels are already hurting China, almost as large as the United States, the global leader. India has difficult days ahead, since 27 million+ irrigation wells have been drilled by farmers to extract underground water. Grain harvest in India’s has been on the upslope, but for the wrong reason, i.e., over-pumping. 175 million Indians eat grain produced with over-pumped water.

    In the United States, farmers are over-pumping in states such as Texas, Oklahoma, Nebraska and Kansas. These states have not only raised wheat yields but shifted from wheat to corn, a higher-yield crop. Kansas’ production of corn now exceeds that of wheat.

    Irrigation based agriculture draws water from Ogallala aquifer, which is a huge underground reservoir. Unfortunately, this aquifer is fossil-based, and cannot be recharged. Once drained, back you go to dry land farming or giving up farming. Over-pumping, whether in the Middle East or the U.S., leads to aquifer depletion and shrinking grain harvests. For some countries this has become a stark reality.

    The world has quietly transitioned into a situation where water, not land, has emerged as the principal constraint on expanding food supplies. There is enough land to produce food if water were available. Harvests are shrinking in some countries because of aquifer depletion, in others because of soil erosion. Among the more vivid examples of soil erosion are Mongolia and Lesotho.

    Water constraints, exacerbated by soil erosion; the loss of cropland to nonfarm uses; a stagnation of yields in large producing areas, and climate change are increasingly making world food production more difficult. Are we likely to see a cessation of growth in world grain growth? No, say scientists.

    While reviewing the progress of the FAO since inception, they agreed that the time frame was not exactly ideal seventy years ago. The FAO had been setting small targets since inception in 1945, as listed earlier in Chart 7 on page 9. The ultimate aim was to eradicate hunger by the only method possible, viz., growing enough food to feed every human being on the planet. 1945 was a different era; it is difficult to imagine what life was like then. More than 85 percent of people of that era have died and the remainder is dispersed all across the globe. The number of countries in 1945 which were recognized internationally was 72, which has risen to 192 today.

    To most, the FAO was just another organization that met every year to enjoy an all expenses paid holiday, since no outcome was seen. While this may be a cynical diatribe, the fact remains that neither the UN nor the FAO progressed significantly. Besides, the world was in a state of turmoil, with large scale wars disrupting global progress. It was a period of the one step forward and two backward syndrome. But time is a great healer and both the UN and the FAO seemed to stabilize in the late 70’s.

    Toward the end of the past millennium, the UN and its various bodies had gained acceptance and enough clout to wield a punitive stick. For instance, the World Trade Organization (WTO) which supervised and liberalized international trade since 1 January 1995, having replaced the 1948 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), was successfully drawing the Multi Fiber Agreement regulating world trade in textiles and garments from 1974 through 2004 to a successful close in their new avatar as the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC), with new policies allowing less developed countries (LDC) greater opportunities in the global market for apparel through a series of negotiated agreements.

    The FAO was given due recognition and respect and created a charter to be followed in letter and spirit, with palpable emphasis starting in the new millennium. The yearly aims were no longer a bagatelle-a concerted effort was to be made to ensure that they were met. This time, there was to be the one step forward and no retrogression. It wasn’t as though the aim was achieved 100 percent, but at least a whole-hearted attempt would have been made. The theme for 2013 was Sustainable Food Systems for Food Security and Nutrition.

    Feeding 7.12 billion mouths is a serious problem. Yet, many scientists think that loss of biodiversity is a far more serious problem. They suggest that these two issues should not be considered separately and remonstrate that they are closely connected and, if their synergies can be leveraged, both aims can be met with greater success. That is why farmers should care about conservation and conservationists should care about agriculture. Recently, leaders from these two sectors have put a new concept into motion, called Bridging Agriculture and Conservation (ibid). Their aim is to prove how optimal utilization of ecological systems will foster resilience in agricultural systems while simultaneously improving the conservation of biodiversity. They issued an interesting statement, “We believe that achieving the dual goals of food security and biodiversity conservation will require more science, not less (ibid).” The unspoken implications are increased depth in knowledge and enhanced technology. By putting science into farming at every level, the income for thousands of smaller farmers could well increase multifold. They have already demonstrated a 100 percent rise in productivity, promising much higher financial returns.

    World Food Day 2014

    842 million people will starve today, or, at best, manage a couple of scraps of food. Global population is close to 7.1 billion, of whom 6.3 billion will get the 1,800 odd calories required for   sustenance. Try and imagine one scenario, no matter how unrealistic: These 6.3 billion skip one meal on Global Food Day. If the ingredients that constitute that one meal can be collected and distributed to the starving, the 842 million will get enough to cook eight full meals, or ten meals if utilized sparingly. The point here is not so much the redistribution of one meal skipped, but the fact that every time you eat three meals a day per month, the global poor are missing out the ONE meal they can subsist on every day for one full month. USA figures in the list of hungry countries!

    Hunger in the USA

    Surprisingly, one in six Americans does not have enough food to eat. The South Bronx has the highest rate of food insecurity in the country, 37 percent, compared with 16.6 for New York City as a whole. One in eight Iowans often goes hungry, with children the most vulnerable to food insecurity. Congressional cuts to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) last fall of five billion dollars have reduced benefits from $205 to $172 a month and this $1.10 cut per day is hurting. Food pantries and soup kitchens have gone up to 50,000 from a few hundred in 1980.

    The 2013 benefits totaled $75 billion, but most households got lower payments. Recipients usually manage to hold their monthly allotment for three weeks, then willy nilly turn to food pantries. Who qualifies for SNAP? Households with gross incomes no more than 130 percent of the poverty rate. For a family of four that means $31,005 a year. Gross incomes in Alaska and Hawaii are higher than in the U.S. (ibid). The country that wastes the maximum cooked food is, you guessed right, the USA. 30% of all food in the USA, worth US$48.3 billion, is dumped each year. It is also estimated that about half the water used to produce this food also goes waste, since agriculture is the largest human use of water. It is ironic that the world’s richest country cannot feed 90 million people, yet wastes the maximum food!

    World Food Day: 2014: Family Farming

    Family farming is inextricably linked to national and global food security. Both in developing and developed countries, family farming is the predominant form of agriculture in the food production sector. Family farming includes all family-based agricultural activities, and it is linked to several areas of rural development.

    The theme for 2014 World Food Day is Family Farming: “Feeding the world, caring for the earth”. This theme has specifically been chosen in order to bring the profile of small family farming into the limelight as also the lot of farmers with a small farm holding. The idea is to focus global attention on the prominent role family farming can play in eliminating hunger as well as poverty, bolstering food security along with nutrition, enhancing livelihoods, regulating and controlling natural resources, safeguarding the environment while attaining sustainable development, specifically in non-mainstream rural areas. This theme is a repeat of 1987(Chart 7).

    The UN General Assembly designated 2014 as the “International Year of Family Farming,” sending a positive indication that the global community takes cognizance of the major contribution that family farmers make to universal food security.

    Of the 570 million farms across the globe, 500 million+ may be called family farms. Most of these global farms are relatively minute, with 475 million+ farms smaller than 2 hectares in area. Put together, they occupy a vast area, but, as it turns out, they form a small percentage of our world’s farmland.

    Farmland distribution thus seems unequal at world level, but is improving in low, lower – middle – income countries and in the odd regional group. Unfortunately, census data on farmland distribution is inadequate, but it is essential to create a representative image of the number of farms, the number of family farms, farm size as well as global farmland distribution.

    Now that the entire background of factors affecting availability of food for the poor have been seen, it will become easier to envisage what can be expected of World Food Day 2014, rather, what we can contribute to making this momentous day a success.

    Some points to be kept in mind are:

    • There is a global misconception that people go hungry because the quantity of foodgrain available cannot support them. Actually, there is enough food available right now to feed the entire global population of 7.12 billion for almost 40 days, with huge amounts being added every day. Sadly, laws extant today make it well nigh impossible for the poor to reach this food over the shoulders of the middleman.
    • In India, the foodgrain that rots every year due lack of storage space can feed its entire population for a fortnight with three meals a day. This is unacceptable.
    • You have no control over what Vladimir Putin intends to do on 16 October. For that matter, you may not be able to persuade even your neighbors to cooperate.
    • Will the SFIS keep quiet that week/day? You cannot predict the movement of radicals.
    • Very few countries will actually contribute meaningful sums, particularly the BRIC countries of Brazil, Russia, India and China. This is ironic, since the last two countries named have almost a third of our global population living on their soil, and known to have vast numbers below the poverty line of US$1.25. It is not likely that any of these four will ask for aid either. That said, most countries provide students in Govt schools up to the age of nine one free meal.
    • A random analysis of contributions in this millennium shows lots of words and actions that did not translate into the need of the hour, foodgrain or hard cash.

    What Can you Do?

    So what can you do? When you look at the problem optimistically, there are many things you can do, both individually and as a group. First of all, go to the website for the US and Canada. Read through it. When you reach the Act page, you’ll see 12 options. Read through them and do what is attainable by you. All steps are listed. The options are:

    1. Host a World Food Day meal.                                  7.  Spread the word through social media.
    2. Organize a food packaging event.                             8.  Activate your campus.
    3. Walk to end hunger                                                   9.  Engage your local schools.
    4. Arrange a food and fund drive.                                10.  Inspire your faith community to take action.
    5. Grow a garden.                                                        11.  Join your local hunger coalition.
    6. Live on $1.25 a day.                                                 12.  Volunteer your time.

    There are many more links on the website and you can follow the lead and do your bit. Would you call this doing your bit? Responding to suggestions made by some unknown bloke who set up the webpage? The suggestions may well be helpful but they haven’t come from you-you are doing what someone else is telling you to do. Be original. Or stay conventional-the choice is yours.

    The Presbyterian Mission is organizing a Food Week of Action (12-19 Oct.), the International Day for Rural Women (Oct. 15), the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty (Oct. 17) and World Food Day on the 16th. Their focus Sunday to Sunday is on Resiliency:

    • Resilient livelihoods, communities and relationships
    • Resilient farming production and food chains
    • Resiliency promoted through policy

    They also have a set of Actions and Activity Ideas. You will be able to download their printable flyer. Print 200 copies and ask for the newspaper delivery boy’s help in distribution. The idea of making a video and uploading it is appealing, so if you have any film-oriented ideas, jump right in. The activities are duplicated on the flyer, for easy reading. The generous prizes are incentive enough! You could then read the para on Faith in Action! It is self-explanatory. If you are an Oxfam type, go to http://www.oxfamamerica.org/take-action/events/world-food-day/

    REFERENCES

    This entry was posted in: Blog.

    The Definitive Nursing Guide (2014)

    The Definitive Nursing Guide (2014)

    Last Updated Aug 5, 2014

    Overview, History, Education, Requirements, Responsibilities, Salaries, Advanced Practice Areas & Glossary

    Introduction

    The first image that comes to mind when the word Nurse is uttered is that of The Lady with the Lamp, Florence Nightingale. A crisp and clean pastel colored uniform, an equally imposing white apron, a friendly and winning smile, a neatly balanced cap and a practical no-nonsense attitude. This is one vocation that has not seen much of a change insofar as dress and attitude are concerned. Yes, starched cotton has given way to modern technical textiles, the color need not be white, the attitude may still be the same, but the aptitude and demands of both medical knowledge and hands-on capabilities have increased manifold. Nursing is a thankless job, wherein the nurse empathizes with her patient while remaining dispassionate in a holistic sense. Death can never be a friendly companion.

    Some war has been raging in some part of the globe every single day since the beginning of the last millennium. It might have been equally so for the preceding millennium, but proper records for that period are not available. Millions of people must have died due to injuries sustained in wars which were not attended to in the manner seen today. Starting circa 1855, a few persons did conduct medical care in a uniform but the majority of the wounded were attended to by nuns and priests and in most military forces of today, nurses are addressed as ‘Sisters’. The role of the Christian churches has been documented, making it the pioneering organization in nursing. Most sanatoriums were run by Christian monasteries. Islam too has a role for nurses, except that male patients could be attended to only by male nurses, while female patients were taken care of by women. Pagans reportedly left the wounded to fend for themselves. Jesus Christ’s edicts gave weight to caring for the infirm, giving nurses the moral fibre to care for victims struck down by extremely hazardous diseases like smallpox. Outcasts like lepers were also attended to, in the prevailing but mistaken belief that Leprosy was contagious.

    Definition of a Nurse

    The perception of nursing varies from person to person, state to state and even country to country. Wikipedia provides a very broad-based opinion, “Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.” Perhaps the clearest definition is provided by the American Nurses Association, “Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations.” 

    Brief History: The Rise of Nursing as a Career

    Florence Nightingale, an upper class British lady turned nurse and born in Italy perhaps inspired many women to join her, though her nursing career spanned only three years. She brought in a Nursing Uniform for identification; nuns and priests had their habits and cassocks. The Catholic Church started to sponsor hospitals and introduced specific orders to care for the wounded, disabled and aged. The Protestants followed suit and, in 1836, titled their nurses Deaconesses. Since Martin Luther, the founder of the Protestant movement was German, most Deaconesses were initially German. Over time, The Little Sisters of the Poor (aged care), Sisters of Mercy, Sisters of St. Mary, St. Francis Health Services, Inc. and Sisters of Charity managed to raise funds from the Prelate and well wishers and used this money to set up large hospitals and hospices internationally, shaping contemporary hospital and nursing systems of the today.

     

    Florence Nightingale’s vociferous complaints about the appalling medical situation in the Crimean War galvanized the hierarchy to set up training centers for field doctors and nurses in 1860, and successful candidates took part in the many Boer Wars as well as WW I. WW II, however, changed the lives of the nursing sorority totally, particularly for those from the US. Apart from inspirational stories of heroism, the remuneration offered was munificent and educational qualifications required basic. This led to a rush from women from the relatively lower rungs of society. All nurses were women and officers, helped out by enlisted women (WACs) as hospital orderlies. In the case of the UK, nurses were given officer ranks, but weren’t commissioned. They were Class II gazetted officers. This situation changed as the war drew to a close, with Nursing Services Officers getting a Royal Commission.

    Types of Nurses

    The field of Medical Science has diversified greatly, leading to an incredible number of specializations. Three decades ago, you would have heard a common term like Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Specialist, your ‘go to’ man whenever your ear, nose or throat needed attention. Today, that ENT Specialist is called an Otolaryngologist. He still performs the tasks the ENT Specialist did, but to a somewhat limited degree. Often times, he will refer you to an Otologist/Neurotologist, Otoneurologist, Neurologist, Audiologist, Ophthalmologist, Neuro-ophthalmologist and more. If viewed in totality, a nurse trained in Otolaryngology should be able to adapt to any of the other fields mentioned. This is, however, not the case. A nurse assisting a Neuro-ophthalmologist would need to have specialized knowledge and experience in this field, as surgery might well be required. That said, the commonality factor in nursing in terms of pure patient care, which is the starting point of all healthcare training, is far greater than in the Medical Sciences field, making specialization a mite easier for them.

    There are various types of nurses, depending entirely on their level of education in the health care field, their certification and licensing. If inclined towards nursing, it is possible for you to start with a specific role in mind and push through till the end. What is most likely is that along your path of education, subtle changes in role present themselves and, given the conditions obtaining, you might elect to modify your aim. Even as you reach the terminal phase, a range of types of nursing roles may become available to you as you finish with the process of your education and related certification.

    Nursing roles are categorized somewhat disparately, without becoming mutually exclusive. The governing factor regulating the nursing career opted for by you is invariably the end product of a mix of the education and experience imbibed by you in the early days of your career. Consider education or certification. These two elements, i.e., education level and degree held by you, or your certification, can help in categorizing nursing roles. Other groupings could be related to the patient’s age or gender. If you who wish to look after people in their dotage, you could opt for geriatric care. At the other end of the age scale is the new-born baby and you could go in for pediatric care. If you wish to help only women, a vast panoply opens up.

    Your choice could be location-dependent. If you live close to a school and have one or two of your own children studying there, you could opt to become a school nurse. Similar constraints could lead you into becoming a hospice nurse, or, for that matter, a normal nurse based in a hospital. Nothing stops you from focusing on your skillset in a specific medical specialty like surgery, oncology, gastroenterology or another medical specialty. As seen, a combination of your education, certifications, and experience will determine the career path you take within the field of nursing.

    There are six types of nurses, starting at the lowest category in order of importance and income:

    • Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA)
    • Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse (LPN / LVN)
    • Associate Degree Nurse (ADN)℗
    • Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) ℗
    • Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)
    • Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)*

    ℗ ADN and BSN, 2 & 4 year courses respectively, grant you a Registered Nurse (RN) status and allow you to appear for your license to practice as an RN. RNs from the BSN course often get preference over those from the ADN course.

    * Certain states ban the prefix of Doctor for DNPs, while some other states require them to clarify that they are not physicians.

    There are 104 nursing specialties, each with its own set of categories, education levels and characteristics.

    Role of Education in the Nursing Industry

    A few years ago, field experience combined with an average education would give a nurse preference over another who was highly read, but had little hands-on experience. Things have changed totally. Today, education holds pride of place in the race to a flourishing career, both medical and financial, in the nursing industry. Theoretically, it is possible to envisage a scenario where job seekers with years of hands-on experience may be summarily eliminated from the interview list to make way for a candidate brandishing a degree, i.e., higher education, but with little experience.

    While education level may be subjective, the fact remains that an education certified on paper is mostly paramount to prospective success. Spending increasing amounts of time on studies indicates a motivated drive and dedication to first learn and then apply the acquired information, ideas, data, theories and concepts to acquire a higher range of goals. The two skills you cannot do without are those of communication and mathematics.

    Communication skills: In the U.S., communication skills would imply an ability to converse freely in English, and, in the Hispanic Southwest, Spanish as well. Communication skills are a managerial ‘must have’ in every role – whether you’re talking to co-workers, doctors, subordinates or patients since you have to explain to the patient what has happened, what the remedy is, what the next step is and why, in a bedside manner different from that of the MDs.

    Math skills: Math is a branch of science and a part of daily life. You need to know how to use your head in basic computations, like calculating dosages, totting up surgical supplies or tallying figures.

    In the healthcare industry, salaries are based on educational qualifications, the final proof of the importance of education. A generalized scale is given below:

    • Medical jobs, no college degree: Pay $20,000-40,000 annually, on average
    • Allied Health Careers, two years of college: Pay from $40,000-60,000 annually.
    • Nursing Careers, Associate’s or Bachelor Degree: Pay $40,000-55,000 on average annually.
    • Advanced Nursing Careers, Master’s Degree required: Pay $60,000-90,000+ annually.

    The trend is more than obvious. The more you study, the greater are your chances of finding employment as a nurse at a better than average salary. What has happened is that patients have been led to believe that once they place their lives in the hands of doctors, they can relax mentally in the mistaken notion that they have secured their longevity. If something untoward happens, they can sue the hospital for malpractice, a process that is on an upward slope. Nobody wants to see a patient denied the best treatment available under the prevailing circumstances. Barring isolated cases caused by paranoid or psychotic people, every individual in the field of healthcare gives off his/her best in the interest of the patient’s well being. Doctors and high profile nurses have rather long working hours. Good intentions notwithstanding, Damocles’ sword of malpractice looms over every practitioner’s head. The focus has therefore shifted to the knowledge level of the entire team, from the doctor handling the case and the nurse as she/he is in constant contact with the patient; the surgeon(s) if surgery is involved and the pre-op nurses who prepare the patient for surgery, the nurse(s) in theOperating Room (OR) assisting the surgeon; the doctor and nurse in the post-op recovery room and Intensive care unit, going back to the first pair of doctor/nurse for prescribed follow-up treatment prior to discharge.

    The immediate fallout is that the applicant must be better educated than his/her competitor, now that the Internet is available to both applicant and patient and the latter asks many more pertinent questions before being satisfied. Even administrative assistants, who have little to do with patient care, need college degrees, something unheard of just a decade ago. Statistics show that in advanced nations, information scanned by just surfing the web is absorbed more easily by an uncluttered mind. A six-year  old gen next child has the same level of understanding of communication media as a 45-year old, even with their digital quotient scores equal at 100. A simplistic way of putting it is: The number of doors that will open when you knock is proportional to the number years you have studied.

    In a field that has more aspirants than jobs, the fastest way of narrowing the field is by stipulating high educational requirements. Today, employers tend to select candidates who have a decidedly superior level of education. This phenomenon has always been prevalent in better occupations; it has inexorably filtered down to virtually every field requiring interpersonal relationships. Even as a barrier has been erected through educational requirements, the other end of this spectrum has also evolved to prepare for the anticipated barrier.

    Schools and colleges have always imparted education; now they teach you how to apply the knowledge gleaned. They also focus on interpersonal skills, observing and then honing your interactive ability. They use this datum to enhance your skills at communication, concentrating on cogent articulation to persuade whoever is on the other end without rancor. Teamwork is improved by melding specific aptitudes to mesh perfectly, without stepping on anybody’s toes.

    Management theories have been imported to understand time and job management, getting down to the basics of defining the ideal mean path, so crucial in program evaluation techniques; as well as internal and external analysis of strengths and weaknesses to learn how best to achieve deadlines by managing projects efficiently. These tools come in addition to what these institutions stand for−learning from others by using updated textbooks, understanding your instructor’s aims, admixing your own achievements and achieving formal educational degrees.

    As just seen, education plays a great role in achieving your aim; while applicable to everyone, there is a greater bias towards education in the healthcare sector. This is simple to understand. The human body is the most researched subject in the world and some new finding crops up almost every day. If it was cloning the other day and stem cell research today, genome sequencing to avert inheritable diseases is on the anvil with artificial intelligence on the not too distant horizon. Proponents involved will require extremely high levels of academic knowledge, but as support staff in the Healthcare industry, you will also need to stay up to date with developments at your level. This will be possible only if your grounding in the medical sciences and technology is rock solid, not to forget the parallel flow of mathematics.

    The bias comes in because human lives are at stake now, not laboratory-born mice and rabbits. Looking after the health and survival of contemporaries places a huge moral and ethical responsibility on you. They depend on you and you cannot let them down. In effect, signing on as a qualified nurse no longer means that you can throw your books away. Education has now become a regular process and you need to know how best to modify and apply it to every single person under your wing; it is highly possible that two different entities requiring two different treatment techniques come under each of your two wings or more. That’s a further addition to your medical knowledge requirements.

    Small wonder that medical degrees and recognized certifications are mandatory before you can be permitted to set foot in regular practice. Put together, they will get you that much needed license to don your jacket and stethoscope. You will need to be associate degree qualified, at the very least, for various healthcare roles; to become a Registered Nurse, you will need an associate or bachelor’s degree and if you are thinking of advanced practice in nursing, you will need a lot of experience in post-grad training before you can apply for a Master’s, perhaps a Doctorate.

    Nursing Student Loans and Financial Aid

    Advanced studies are always expensive and the nursing field is no exception. You need to know or find how many grants, loans, scholarships, work-study and loan forgiveness programs are available to you and where to find them. Grants are “free” money—you do not need to pay grants back. There are well over a thousand Govt grants in the US totaling $400 billion, and managing a student grant will you save you thousands of dollars. Some schools consider you for grants at their own initiative when you complete a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and submit an application to join that school. Do visit the resources listed below for more info.

    Nursing scholarships are competitive, but a popular resource as they, like federal grants, are not repaid.

    Some loans have to be repaid, or have conditions / limitations and it would be prudent for you to visit their websites. Surf through the u/m sites for better and comprehensive knowledge:

    Loan Forgiveness Programs

    Federal or state loans are provided under what is called a loan forgiveness program, where the recipient does not repay the loan in cash, but through services rendered in remote or unpopular areas or areas critically short of nurses. The following websites are well worth a visit:

    The University of Missouri has a many financial aid programs, including Grants, Scholarships, Loans, etc. Some of the better known Grants are the Federal Pell Grant and the War Veteran Grant. The maximum amount is $5,550. Each Grant or packet of financial aid is subject to a number of conditions, like residence status, prior qualifications, etc.

    Becoming a Nurse: Education, Requirements, Responsibilities, Salaries

    Surprisingly, the first country to register nurses on a national scale was New Zealand, in 1901. Since the term Nurse is recognized globally as a person who provides practical human health care, their controlling bodies in Government tend to have a common aim, that of care for one and all. While the richer nations ensure quality, poor countries have to depend on the largesse of well-off countries for a modicum of quality. Though each nation has its own educational path to a career in nursing, one factor remains common: the study of accepted core theories of nursing and its practical application, including a lengthy period of supervised hands-on training to acquire the requisite clinical skills. Moreover, since each patient is an individual entity with unique personal needs, the final part of training includes both arts and sciences, like psychology, sociology, technology and, in some cases, particularly in the oriental nations, an insight into spirituality. This training program is invariably followed by external comprehensive tests. In the US, all aspirants-like you- have to appear for and pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) in order to get a license for practicing at the entry level.

    The NCLEX is devised and conducted by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. (NCSBN) in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the four territories of American Samoa; Guam; and the Northern Mariana & the Virgin Islands. There are two types of the exam, one for practical nurses, the NCLEX-PN, and the other for registered nurses, the NCLEX-RN, to be revalidated every two years.

    LPN training is generally done at hospitals over three years, with the first month at a college to study the basics in anatomy, diet, physiology and chemistry. You then return to the hospital and after a total of three years, are granted a Diploma. You can look for a job on passing the licensing exam. Many prospective nurses opt for the low-paid jobs when they do not have the money for a college course, build up their bank balance and / or obtain Govt. aid where possible and move upwards. LPNs go in for a two-year college course to get the Associate Degree in Nursing tab, one step up the ladder. The lowest level of trained nurses fall in the Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) category and command the smallest salaries, as seen earlier. At times, they are paid by the hour.

    Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA)

    Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) need not have college degrees. Training is focused on getting a post-secondary non-degree certificate or diploma. An educated CNA may be called upon to wear different hats at different times. (This post used to be called Nursing Orderly earlier). A CNA’s major role is that of providing basic care to inpatients, besides assisting them in routine daily activities which they have difficulty with by themselves, like bathing. The type of job tends to be personal; CNAs should be patient, compassionate, have good communication skills and take pleasure in helping others in need. As may be envisaged, in daily nursing or in long-term adult care facilities, CNAs become a patient’s de facto main caregiver. In today’s cyberworld, CNAs may be asked to operate medical technology services, like billing or general medical information and records software. In some institutions, CNAs are permitted to give medicines to patients, but this will obviously depend on the CNAs aptitude and experience, apart from state regulations. CNAs rarely operate independently. They are delegated tasks by RNs and LPNs, and they provide them the required feedback.

    A CNA’s job has downsides too. It could require physically demands, coupled with unpleasant responsibilities; an incontinent patient can be annoying but then, that is the very reason he’s there. He could turn things around and build lasting and gainful relationships with his patients. While CNAs may work in hospitals, most of them prefer nursing and home-care facilities, where they interact with their patients more frequently and can even get acquainted personally. If you wish to join this booming field, a CNA could be a good starting point. Once in, you can work your way around to become an LPN and keep moving up the value chain. To succeed, you’ll need to meet the criteria listed below.

     

    You are…

       You should have…
    Compassionate Strong decision-making skills
    An excellent listener Excellent attention to detail
    Supportive Good communication skills
    Dependable Problem-solving skills
    Physically fit Good ethical standards
    Good-natured Ability to maintain interpersonal relationships

    Responsibilities:

    • Help patients bathe, dress, get out of bed and other daily activities
    • Turn or reposition bedridden patients
    • Take patients’ temperature, blood pressure and other vital signs
    • Answer patients’ calls
    • Document patients’ health issues and report to nurses
    • Feed patients, measure and record food and liquid intake
    • Clean rooms and bed linen
    • Help with medical procedures and dress wounds

    Salaries:

    According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Outlook Handbook 2014-15, the median expected annual salary for certified nursing assistant is $24,420. Actual salaries may vary greatly based on specialization within the field, location, years of experience and a host of other factors.

    Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) / Licensed Vocational Nurse (LVN)

    Licensed Practical Nurse

    If you have some problem with entering college yet want your foot put into the door for nursing quickly, get yourself a certificate titling you a licensed practical nurse (LPN) [licensed vocational nurse (LVN)in California and Texas]. To get your LPN/LVN certificate, you’ll have to undergo a lengthy training schedule at a technical or trade school or a community college. Bear in mind that you are studying at one level below an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN). This drawback is countered by the fact that if you’re an LPN/LVN, you can enroll in an LPN-to-RN program, where credits earned during your LPN/LVN training are put toward your Registered Nurse (RN) coursework.

    LPN training is generally done at hospitals over three years, with the first month at a college to study the basics of anatomy, emergency care, physiology, medical-surgical nursing, nutrition and chemistry. You will then return to the hospital and after a total of three years, get a Diploma. You can look for a job on passing the licensing exam. Many prospective nurses opt for the low-paid jobs when they do not have the money for a college course, build up their bank balance and / or obtain Govt. aid where possible and move upwards. LPNs often go in for a two-year college course to get the Associate Degree in Nursing tab, one step up the ladder.

    Licensed Practical /Vocational Nurses provide basic nursing care. Their duties vary depending on the work setting, but they typically do the following:

    • Monitor patients’ health – such as checking their blood pressure
    • Administer basic nursing care, including changing bandages and inserting catheters
    • Provide for the basic comfort of patients, such as helping them bathe or dress
    • Discuss health care with patients and listen to their concerns
    • Report patients’ status to registered nurses and doctors
    • Keep records on patients’ health
    • Experienced licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses oversee and direct other LVNs and unlicensed medical staff.

    LPNs have to undergo a specific accredited program where subjects taught in class, like nursing itself, biology, and pharmaceutical products are coalesced with clinical experience under local supervision. After getting their certificates in practical nursing, the LPNs/LVNs-to-be take the NCLEX-PN exam. A license is obtained on passing to work in that capacity across all states.

    LPNs can progress to becoming an RN using a bridging course at any appropriate college, to become an Associate of Applied Science in Registered Nursing (ASN), though the preferred course is a four-year bridging course at college to become a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN). Then they can sit for the NCLEX-RN exam to gain nomination as a Registered Nurse, going through the procedure for licensing.

    Median salary for LPNs was around $41,500 per year, whereas median salary for RNs was around $65,500 per year in 2012 and has increased since then. These figures should not be taken for granted as there is plenty of small print to read and quite a few hurdles to cross before you can reach your posted starting salary, particularly if you apply for a job through an agency.

    Associate’s Degree in Nursing (ADN)

    The requirement for Registered Nurses (RN) is expected to grow at 19% between today and 2022. The requirement for CNAs is slated to rise at 22%. The requirement for ADNs, sandwiched in between will be close to 20%. The ADN post is the most popular entry level post in nursing, closely followed by the RNs. The rationale is simple. It provides you a rock solid career base in the field of healthcare. ADNs have historically mixed well with RNs, with work content not too different as entry-level nursing posts. 36% of RNs have come up as ADNs, so the empathy factor is palpable.

    An ADN can be earned over a course of two years and the curriculum will include not only nursing, but also liberal arts. After you earn your ADN, you’ll need to pass a national licensing examination, NCLEX-RN, in order to begin working as a registered nurse.

    The principal benefit in obtaining your ADN is that you can complete it in just two years, making this program a good option for those interested in health care, but under external compulsion to get to working at the earliest, generally a finance driven obligation. The ADN program prepares you with a lucid understanding of the how, why and wheretofores of the nursing arena and the duties expected of you. As always, the course syllabus will include a host of topics, most important of which is the preparation to obtain your nursing license.

    The salary is generous and theoretically equal to that of an RN who has come up through four years of college. Real life situations are different. If salary is your only criterion, you can drop anchor here. If you wish to progress further, as you must, you will need to take up the additional two years in college to earn the right to append a BSN degree to your name and look ahead. General education prerequisites are covered so you will not need to repeat them in a subsequent bachelor’s degree program. This will entail concurrent working and studying, so you need to anticipate the stress vs time factor in meeting work deadlines and organize your short-term future accordingly. Always remember that thousands of people have done it before you so you can and will hack it. You also have the option of the increasingly popular online courses if you do not wish to go for the on-campus program.

    The popularity of an online nursing program stems from the flexibility it offers, allowing students to decide optimal schedules. Online nursing programs are best suited to

    • Single parents: Coordinating on-campus schedules with the vicissitudes of single parents can be a real nightmare. Online courses, done when your child has left for school or is asleep, offer flexible alternatives.
    • Students from remote areas: Excessive distance between college/hospital and home or frequent relocation can render an on-campus program impossible. The answer: online programs. Moreover, most online programs refrain from charging out-of-state tuition fees.
    • Professionals wishing to change careers: If you wish to switch over to nursing as a career, the best way of achieving your aim is via online programs that let you continue working so that tuition costs are covered while you attend school whenever you get free time.
    • Freedom in Timeframe. You can work at your own speed. Some online programs offer you the facility of faster programs, allowing you to achieve your aim quickly.

    ADN programs are available at quite a few community colleges, and included as a two-year course in some institutions that run four-year courses. Such a program will combine field training with classroom studies. The basic or foundation courses you will have to undergo will be no different from those required of LPN/LVNs, except for their depth of detail.

    A typical set of duties are:

    • Observe patients and report on their wellbeing
    • Keep a thorough record of patients’ medical histories and symptoms
    • Perform diagnostic tests on patient samples and analyze the results
    • Operate medical equipment
    • Administer medicines and treatments to patients
    • Come up with treatment plans for patients’ care
    • Teach patients how to manage their illnesses or injuries at home

    Registered Nurse (RN)

    The principal aim for most candidates joining the nursing industry is to become a licensed Registered Nurse. You can become a Registered Nurse by obtaining a Bachelor of Science degree in nursing (BSN), an associate’s degree in nursing (ADN), or a diploma from an accredited nursing program. Thereafter you need to pass the NCLEX –RN exam to get your License. This license is valid only for the state you appeared in, but is easily transferable if you move. You’ve already seen that the BSN will take you four years to finish while the ADN and diploma will take you two to three years.

    In all nursing education programs without exception, you will take courses in anatomy, physiology, microbiology, chemistry, nutrition, psychology and other social and behavioral sciences, as well as in liberal arts. Moreover, all programs include clinical experience under supervision.

    In the two additional years for a BSN, you will undergo further education in physical as well as social sciences, communication, leadership, and critical thinking. This training gives you more clinical experience in nonhospital settings. A bachelor’s degree or higher is often necessary for administrative positions, research, consulting, and teaching. The American Nursing Association prefers your taking the four-year BSN program route as the entry level for nursing practice, which also makes getting a job easier than an RN from an ADN. Some hospitals show a preference for BSNs; some states like California impose specific restrictions on certain posts, like mandating a BSN for workers in public health. In most cases, supervisory positions are reserved for BSNs, who obviously are paid more. Home healthcare agencies tend to select BSNs.

    BSNs are at an advantage if the hospital they work in intends to get a certification from the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC). Two types of certifications are possible, The Pathway to Excellence Program® and the Magnet Recognition Program®. Both certifications recognize health care organizations and long term care institutions for positive practice environments where nurses excel. Both programs have listed parameters that will be checked by ANCC representatives, and deal mainly with the quality of staff care, both medical and medico-administrative. RNs who have come to that hospital through a BSN Program tend to get better reviews, increasing their chances of accreditation in any one or both programs. Obviously, a hospital with twin accreditation will be rated higher than those with just the one. The Magnet Recognition Program® has found takers overseas, in countries like Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Australia, etc., and is therefore rated higher than The Pathway to Excellence Program®. One of the main questions asked of nurses in a confidential survey is about their satisfaction level. Nurses rate salary, recognition, work environment and job satisfaction as the prime ingredients controlling their satisfaction level, which is one reason such hospitals prefer BSNs.

    Multiple qualifications can make a career in the healthcare sector very lucrative. For instance, a person with a business degree can take up nursing and, once qualified and licensed, move into the healthcare administration field. The Medical Course will generally take two years as the supplementary information gained in acquiring the previous degree counts towards total time required to obtain a BSN. The avenues for employment open to a healthcare administrator are multifold, like health insurance companies, healthcare associations, hospitals, nursing homes, physician practices and clinics. Salaries in this vast field will vary for each industry, although the median pay for a medical and health services manager in 2010 was a lavish $82,470.  As a matter of fact, a healthcare/nursing degree is currently rated the highest paying College degree.

    The US Bureau of healthcare statistics has rated certain parameters as vital for RNs, but a more comprehensive and detailed chapter on their attributes lists the following:

    • Empathy. By definition, the epicenter of nursing is caring and empathy.
    • Detail Oriented. Nursing is a zero error syndrome job as you are dealing with a person’s life.
    • Communication. The ability to quietly interact with all kind of patients can work wonders.
    • Intuition. The ability to notice minutiae and subtle nuances can help chart a patient’s treatment.
    • Emotional Stability. Nurses cannot afford to lose focus in gruesome cases or when relatives / acquaintances are the patients involved.
    • Critical Thinking. The ability to react immediately and correctly is a crucial factor.
    • Coordination of Services. The nurse is the focal point around whom everybody in that patient’s medical team revolves.
    • Patience. The ability to stay calm under all circumstances reassures the patient involved.
    • Dedication. The ability to provide the best possible care under any circumstances, irrespective of any personal discomfort.
    • Physical Endurance. The need to often work 12 hours nonstop causes extreme fatigue, but it should not exact its toll in the form of medical errors. Nurses must learn how to stay fit. Fatigue was cited as the main reason for the fairly high rate of turnover in the nursing field.

    A study on the age of RNs showed that the average age of RNs, both male and female, was 41.5 years with about 16 years of experience as an RN; most RNs upgraded their status by the age of 48; only 13 percent of the 829 nurses interviewed were below the age of 30, which age group also had the highest turnover. Approximately 30 percent had come through a diploma program, 13 percent were ADNs, 53 percent were BSNs, and 4 percent had earned graduate degrees in nursing.

    Job Profile

    Registered nurses provide and coordinate patient care, educate patients and the public about various health conditions, and provide advice and emotional support to patients and their family members. They work as part of a team with physicians and other healthcare specialists. Specialized RNs work within their specialty, e.g., as an oncology nurse, you would be in a cancer ward; as a surgical nurse, you would be in a surgical ward, etc. Some RNs, usually BSNs supervise LPNs and CNAs. Essentially, the basic tasks RNs perform are:

    • Record patients’ medical histories and symptoms and give them their medicines and treatment.
    • Observe patients and record observations; discuss these with the doctor assigned.
    • Operate and monitor medical equipment and help perform diagnostic tests.
    • Teach patients and their families what to do once discharged from hospital.

    According to the Bureau of Labor Resources, RNs held close to 2.7 million jobs in 2012 as the largest healthcare occupation. The top five industries that employed the most registered nurses in 2012 were as shown in Chart 1 below:

    employment 2012Chart 1

    median 2012Chart 2

    Salary:

    Again, according to the Bureau of Labor Resources, the median annual wage for registered nurses was $65,470 in May 2012. The median wage is the wage at which half of the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than  $45,040 and the top 10 percent earned more than $94,720. It must be noted that different employers offer different perks, like flexible work schedules, childcare, educational benefits, and bonuses. A chart (Chart 2) depicting median annual wages for RNs is placed supra.

    Nurse Administrator

    The role of a Nurse Administrator is to manage and oversee all work done by nurses, with an eye towards the improvement of quality and efficacy of patient care. The Administrator is also involved in budgeting, expenditure control, selecting and inducting new staff and the general coordination of training and creating work schedules. Since most of their job is cost control related vis-à-vis quality of patient care, the administrators should have a flair for thinking out of the box and being innovative.

    A bachelor’s degree is adequate for a Nurse Administrator’s job. The trend, however, is to acquire a master’s degree in healthcare management, which has a surfeit of the higher degree programs. The content of these programs is focused on advanced nursing practices, networked with ethics and system policy, i.e., the syllabus will be heavily biased to the role of a nurse administrator with its concomitant challenges. The contents of the syllabus will include:

    • Organizational management
    • Leadership
    • Human and Fiscal Resource Management

    On passing a written exam, the American Nurses Credentialing Center will certify you as a nurse administrator on the capacity of Nurse Executive or Advanced Nurse Executive, which has to be renewed every lustrum. You will require an active RN license, a BSN or higher in nursing and a specific administrative background for at least two years in the past five years. As an MSN without any administrative background, you will require 30 hours of continuous training in this field in the past three years. The only difference in the Advanced Certification is the experience factor. It is necessary to have held some admin post at an executive level for nurses OR been on the faculty in a full-time post teaching nursing administration at the executive level for two years (or equivalent) in the preceding five years. According to The US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Outlook Handbook 2014-15, the median expected annual salary for healthcare administrators is $88,580, subject to many variables and imponderables. It is one of the better jobs for people with administrative skills.

    comparison
    Chart 3

     

    Nurse Informatics Specialist

    The job of a Specialist in Nurse Informatics is fairly new, in that hospitals are becoming fully computerized and computer specialists are required in every department, fully networked to provide the patient enhanced care. The one difference from geeks is that this specialist must be an RN, that too through a BSN degree. Some institutions manage with RNs, irrespective of how they achieved that distinction. If properly integrated, there will be fewer medical errors, improved patient security as well as confidentiality, on a need to know basis. Since technology is involved, an additional test of your knowledge of modern computer technology will be taken. On earning your degree, the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) will certify your credentials. Tyros (< 5 years experience) will need to pass the Certified Associate in Healthcare Information Management Systems (CAHIMS) exam.

    According to a survey by the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS), “57 percent or respondents said their main responsibility was providing systems preparation, training and continued support to users, while 53 percent spent most of their time on systems development, where they customize or update systems or create a new homegrown system.” Additionally, certification is available from HIMSS based on years of service in healthcare infosystems.

    As technology evolves, salary levels will rise alongside. Currently, a Social Science Research Assistant is paid a median salary of $37,140, rising to $54,638 for a Clinical Research Coordinator and $79,680 for a Computer Systems Analyst. Salary.com has pegged the median expected annual salary for Clinical Informatics Coordinators at $76,503, no mean sum. This is one area where you can get a good job as this is a relatively new career opening in nursing, where most nurses in the field are not sufficiently trained in IT, leaving the door for candidates looking to plug the gap between clinical care and technology open.

    salariesChart 4

     

     

    Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)

    As is the case with all Master’s, a commitment to acquire a Master’s in Nursing (MSN) takes dedication and hard work, impacting your success in the field of nursing. The Master’s degree in nursing is often the ultimate goal of nurses. Apart from the connotation it carries, it opens the door to a large number of vocations, fresh vistas and opportunities, one of which may be ideally suited to you. Higher pay and greater responsibilities are related adjuncts. You could even shatter the glass ceiling.

    A master’s degree provides you with the ability and higher levels of hands-on training you will require to provide top grade nursing care in specialized roles, e.g., nurse practitioner. In real life, your MSN lets you deliver healthcare services similar to those provided by physicians. Physicians tend to be overbooked or beyond the means of some patients, thereby advancing your position.

    Advanced Practice Areas

    The advanced practice areas for you are quite diverse in content and could be:

    • Nurse Practitioner (NP)
    • Certified Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA)
    • Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS)
    • Certified Nurse Midwife (CNM)
    • Nurse Educator (NE)

    On completion and accredition, you would fall into the Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRN) category. The CRNA, though an APRN, would categorize you as a Doctor of Nurse Anesthesia Practice (DNAP). All these degrees, especially NPs, can have sub-specialties, each in the APRN category. Moreover, these degrees are terminal degrees.

    The more ambitious nurses could consider even more rewarding jobs in terms of degrees and salary. These are the twin-qualification programs of:

    • MSN/MPH: Where you combine your MSN with a master’s in public health.
    • MSN/MBA: Where you combine your MSN with a master’s in business administration.
    • MSN/MHA: Where you combine your MSN with a master’s in health administration.

    Part of the MSN syllabus is training in the business aspect of nursing. The topics covered will include down to earth programs like leadership, man and resource management, health policies and the financial aspect of advanced training. An MSN program generally takes two years. Most MSN programs include work experience as mandatory and generally stipulate the following add-ons:

    • A BSN
    • An RN license
    • Minimum GPA and GRE scores, which depend on the program in mind
    • Clinical experience, once again dependent on the program in mind

    A non-medical graduate could also qualify to become an MSN. These tend to be three-year programs, with the first year dedicated to entry-level nursing and the next two dedicated to MSN- related courses. At the end of it all, the NCLEX-RN has to be cleared. You can attend college or university for your MSN, but the trend is to study online, providing that you meet laid down criteria similar to, or the same as discussed earlier.

    Nurse Practitioner

    Nurse Practitioners (NP) originally worked in the children’s health department. Today, that role has changed and become more broad-based, as NPs are allowed to home in on a specialty such as adult care, family care or women’s healthcare. An NP is a high-demand high-pay job with a current shortage in staff. They have been clamoring for equal footing with MDs, stating that APRNs offer services beyond traditional office hours, serving patients and families that might not otherwise be able to secure primary care services.

    NPs focus on overall preventative healthcare with customized treatment for each patient. There are many types of NPs:

    • Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner
    • Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner
    • Family Nurse Practitioner
    • Acute Care Nurse Practitioner
    • Adult Nurse Practitioner
    • Neonatal Nurse Practitioner
    • Perinatal Nurse Practitioner
    • Rural Nurse Practitioner

    In a landmark decision, nurse practitioners in New York will soon be able to operate more independently of doctors. The Nurse Practitioners Modernization Act 2014 removes the requirement of a written practice agreement between an experienced nurse practitioner and a doctor as a condition of practice. The law will take effect Jan. 1, 2015.  The Medical Society of the State of New York (MSSNY) strongly opposed the decision.  MSSNY referred to studies that showed that increasing the use of NPs does not lower costs as the patients of NPs tended to have higher rates of medical service utilization. However, NPs and CNSs will be paid less for an identical service rendered by an MD.

    Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs)

    The life span of most Americans has increased considerably, partly due to increased awareness about health, assessing their own health and involvement in their own medical care. The need for healthcare professionals, including CRNAs, is projected to grow at a better-than-average rate. Today, CRNA opportunities have gone beyond a traditional OR setting, as there is, and will remain a need for nurse anesthetists in hospital delivery rooms, and as primary providers of anesthesia in field military clinics.

    Salary: CRNAs are the highest paid category of healthcare specialists. The median pay is $1,70,000. Starting salary is in the $120,000 range, while highly experienced CRNA professionals take home over $220,000 a year. Per hour rates are over $100!

    Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS)

    Clinical Nurse Specialists are APRNs with a master’s or doctoral degree in a specialized area of nursing practice.  The area of specialization may be in:

    • population (e.g., pediatrics, geriatrics, women’s health)
    • a setting (e.g., critical care, emergency room)
    • a disease or medical subspecialty (e.g., diabetes, oncology)
    • type of care (e.g., psychiatric, rehabilitation)
    • type of health problem (e.g., pain, wounds, stress)

    Apart from traditional nursing responsibilities to help patients prevent or resolve illness, CNS’ scope of practice includes diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injuries and disabilities within their field of expertise. They provide direct patient care, act as expert consultants for nursing staff and are proactive in improving healthcare systems.

    Certified Nurse-Midwives

    Certified Nurse-Midwives (CNMs) are APRNs who counsel and provide gynec care during pre-conception, pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. CNMs, along with certified midwives (CMs) also provide family-oriented primary healthcare to women throughout their reproductive lives. Skilled midwifery reduces high-tech intervention for most women in labor, but CNMs also are trained in using up to date scientific procedures to assist in normal deliveries.  CNM-attended births account for 10% of all spontaneous vaginal births in the US, and 7% of all US births in total.  Of these deliveries, 97% occur in hospitals, 1.8% in freestanding birth centers and 1% at home.

    Many people harbor the wrong impression that midwives only assist with births. While attending births is the integral part of their job, it is only a fraction of what midwives actually do. On average, CNMs/CMs spend 10% of their time taking direct care of women giving birth and newborn children.

    Comparativechart 5

     

    Comparative Salaries of MSNs

    Nurse Educator (NE)

    Nurse educators are registered nurses with advanced education who also teach. Most work as nurses for some time before dedicating their careers (part or full-time) to educating future nurses. They serve as faculty members in nursing schools and teaching hospitals, imparting their knowledge and skills to the next generation of nurses for efficient practice. Most of them have extensive clinical experience, and continue patient care even after becoming educators. Nurse educators need to stay current with evolving nursing methodology and technologies, to stay abreast of advancing clinical practices.

    Nurse Educators are in high demand, because the US is facing a serious shortage of nurses. One key reason given is the paucity of nurse educators to teach and train future nurses. Campaigns have been launched to encourage the younger generation to opt for a career in nurse education. One example is the Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow Coalition, launched in 2004.

    The campaign was launched by a coalition of 43 leading nursing and healthcare organizations to address the nursing shortage, and is touting their cause with a slogan, “Nursing education … pass it on.” The aim is to increase the number of nurse educators, the shortage of whom is forcing nursing schools

    to turn away prospective students.

    According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), a member of Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow, nursing schools in the United States turned away more than 11,000 qualified applicants in 2003. Almost 65 percent of the reporting nursing schools cited faculty shortages as the reason for not accepting all qualified applicants into entry-level baccalaureate programs.

    The comparative salaries of MSNs vs that of a Registered Nurse is listed in Chart 5.

    Doctor of Nursing Practice

    The Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) is a professional degree that prepares graduates to provide the most advanced level of nursing care for recipients. This includes direct care of individual patients, management of care for individuals and populations, administration of health care and nursing systems, and the development and implementation of health policy. If you have completed the Doctor of Nursing Practice program, you should be able to:

    • Assume organizational and system leadership in the analysis, delivery, and management of nursing care, within system limits.
    • Implement the highest level of advanced nursing care to produce high quality, cost-effective outcomes for widely divergent groups of patients.
    • Use theories, concepts, and analytic methodologies learned to design, implement, and evaluate practice by applying your mind to improve extant nursing systems.
    • Contribute to the knowledge of best-practices and dissemination of outcomes through professional papers with or without a mentor, discourses and presentations.
    • Develop practice standards based on the integration of ethics, sociology and evidenced-based nursing care.

    Within the nursing spectrum, you have four types of nursing doctorate degrees to choose from. Each degree stipulates specific path to follow.

    • Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP): This degree stresses clinical practice-oriented leadership training.
    • Doctor of Nursing (ND): This degree looks at further development of exhibited advanced specialist skills.
    • Doctor of Nursing Science (DNSc): This degree relates to investigative and research skills.
    • Doctor of Nursing Philosophy (PhD): This degree is inclined towards scholarly research and inquiry.

    Note 1: A DNP is a degree for practice in a clinical set up, whereas a PhD is geared towards research.

    Note 2: The DNP degree is set to become the degree for entry to advanced practice nursing by 2015.

    There are two other options, which are joint programs.

    • MSN/PhD: A master’s degree holder gets a doctorate in an accelerated program.
    • BSN-PhD: A program generally limited to BSN-holders who hold out plans to become researchers or nursing instructors.

    A Doctorate is the ultimate in the nursing field. You cannot sit back on your laurels, because the Doctorate brings with it expectations of the highest levels of efficiency in every aspect related to nursing. You will become the father figure and need to set an example worthy of emulating. All responsibility will fall on your shoulders, though you would delegate both responsibility and authority to your senior staff members. Ultimately, your reputation is at stake.

    A doctorate in nursing takes, on the average, four to six years to attain. This gives you adequate time to prepare. You can accelerate matters a bit, depending on your confidence level. Your pay packet also increases a fair bit. The doctor of nursing practice degree is set to become the degree for entry to advanced practice nursing by 2015, to the dismay of nurse practitioners. The salary difference is of the order of $8,000. But then, these DNPs degrees (67%) were obtained by NPs with 6 to 15 years’ experience. The median salary of DNPs with 0-2 years of experience in that post was $102,500. These would naturally increase as incremental pay linked to years of practice.

    THE NURSING PARADOX: America’s Health Worker Mismatch

    The recession saw high unemployment in almost all sectors, but jobs in the healthcare industry increased by more than 1.2 million, with high salaries of over $60,000. The need for these very workers will keep increasing. The Affordable Care Act, or Obamacare is a complete overhaul of the US healthcare system and is projected to add 32 million people to insurance coverage over the years to come. The aging of the US, as death rates are dropping with each passing year, will fuel the need for healthcare as geriatric numbers and concomitant diseases must also increase.

    US healthcare workers should be rejoicing, but that is hardly the case. The Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Employment Projections 2012-2022 released in December 2013 listed Registered Nursing (RN) among the top occupations in terms of job growth through 2022. The RN strength in 2012 was 2.71 million and forecast to grow to 3.24 million in 2022, increase numbers by 526,800 or 19%. The Bureau also listed replacements in the industry at 525,000 raising the overall job openings for nurses due to retirements to 1.05 million by 2022.

    Despite so many vacancies, medical professional schools are rejecting applications from almost eighty thousand qualified US citizens and plugging the gap by recruiting foreign workers in tens of thousands. Today, about 33,000 healthcare workers are foreign-born and trained, including 25 percent of all physicians. The primary reason is the deplorable state of healthcare schools, which, for some unknown reason, is disregarding the demand/supply curve. The cost of higher education has increased over the past twenty-five years and the cost of educating graduates has shot up rapidly. Over the same time frame, public medical school tuitions have gone up by a mindboggling 312 percent, compounding the problem. The shortage of nursing staff is projected to increase to 260,000 by 2025.

    Only 60 percent of the nurses work in hospitals. The remaining 40 percent work in schools, correctional facilities, private companies, home health, nursing homes, government agencies, social assistance agencies and research labs. One out of every four RNs works part time. At the same time, the rising number of patients suffering from complex diseases has called for more complex and specialized skill sets. In-demand specialties include traveling nurses, nurse informatics specialists, acute nurse practitioners, geriatric nurses, hospice nurses, and home care nurses. The greatest need is for Nurse Educators.

    The Govt Institute of Medicine, in its report on The Future of Nursing, called for increasing the number of baccalaureate-prepared nurses in the workforce to 80 percent and doubling the population of nurses with doctoral degrees. The current nursing workforce falls far short of these recommendations with only 55 percent of registered nurses prepared at the baccalaureate or graduate degree level.

    The number of professionals that can be trained in healthcare in the US is limited by an archaic law requiring US students to be educated only in teaching hospitals, even when their stated destination is a clinic or community hospital. This automatically places a limit on numbers. A waiting list is created, increasing the training period and virtually barring students from indigent communities.

    Credential creep sets in. Audiology, physical therapy and optometry now require doctorate  licensees for therapists who had earlier required a master’s degree. The cascading effect is more schooling, higher attrition rates, higher debt, higher wage demands and fewer workers from underserved and low-income areas. This licensing system favors foreign-trained health workers, who do not have to meet the self-imposed qualifications.

    In numbers, 30,000 additional nurses should be graduated annually to meet the nation’s healthcare needs, an expansion of 30 percent over the current number of annual nurse graduates. This solution, though numerically viable, cannot be put into practice straightaway. The greatest worry is that a significant segment of the nursing workforce is nearing retirement age. 55 percent of the RN workforce is aged 50 or older. They will retire in next to no time.

    One solution suggests increasing the retirement age. This will create a hierarchy logjam, in that senior vacancies will remain blocked to younger nurses, who will then shift to private nursing homes and similar posts. According to a May 2001 report on the US impending health care crisis released by University of Illinois College of Nursing, “The ratio of potential caregivers to the people most likely to need care, the elderly population, will decrease by 40% between 2010 and 2030. Demographic changes may limit access to health care unless the number of nurses and other caregivers grows in proportion to the rising elderly population.”

    Changing demographics signal a need for more nurses to care for our aging population. The future demand for nurses will increase dramatically as the baby boomers reach their 60s and more. Insufficient staffing will raise the stress level of nurses, impact job satisfaction, and force many nurses to leave the profession or go elsewhere. In a 2005 survey printed in the Nursing Economic$ journal, “Almost all surveyed nurses see the shortage in the future as a catalyst for increasing stress on nurses (98%), lowering patient care quality (93%) and causing nurses to leave the profession (93%).” One parallel conclusion was that failure to retain nurses contributed to avoidable patient deaths.

    This problem is not limited to the US alone. Most advanced countries tend to outsource jobs in the healthcare industry, whether at below the RN level or above. There is a need to get local people to learn to look after others, but today’s Gen Next thinks that Medical Studies is far too time consuming and not adequately rewarded. As long as this attitude persists, the problem will not go away.

    GLOSSARY OF TYPES OF NURSING

    Agency – Agency Nursing is essentially where a nurse registers or signs up with an agency or similar group to tell them what hours they are available to work. The nurses are then contacted and offered work on a shift to shift basis. Agency Nurses are now in high demand, particularly, in the case of nurses with specialized training or experience.

    Ambulatory Care – Ambulatory Care Nurses care for patients whose stay in the hospital or other facility will be less than 24 hours. Such nursing covers a broad range of specialties in the out-patient setting.

    Anesthesia – Nurse Anesthetists work with surgeons, dentists, podiatrists, anesthesiologists, and other doctors to provide anesthesia to patients before, during, and after surgery or child birth.

    Cardiac Care – The Cardiac Care Nurse works with other members of the medical staff in assessing, intervening, and implementing nursing care for cardiac patients. The American Board of Cardiovascular Medicine is a sub-specialty cardiology organization that provides cardiology professionals with primary and secondary education in their specific area of need, and professional certification awards to validate their role within the cardiology service line.

    Case Management – Case Management is a collaborative process of assessment, planning, facilitation and advocacy for options and services to meet an individual’s health needs through communication and available resources to promote quality cost-effective outcomes.

    Critical Care – Critical Care nurses provide care for patients and families who are experiencing actual or potential life-threatening illness. More specific fields that fit into the critical care category include cardiac care, intensive care, and neurological and cardiac surgical intensive care.

    Emergency – Emergency Nurses assess patients, provide interventions and evaluate care in a time limited and sometimes hectic environment. Emergency Nurses work independently and interdependently with various health professionals in an attempt to support patients and their families as they experience illness, injury or crisis.

    Forensics – Forensic Nurses provide medical care to victims of crime, collect evidence after crimes occur, and provide medical care to patients within the prison system. Their affiliation needs be international as most major crimes tend to be cross-border incidents. Their controlling agency is the International Association of Forensic Nurses

    Gastroenterology – Gastroenterology (GI) Nurses provide care to patients with known or suspected gastrointestinal problems who are undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic treatment and/or procedures. GI Nurses practice in physician offices, inpatient and outpatient endoscopy departments, ambulatory endoscopy centers and inpatient hospital units.

    Geriatrics – Geriatric Nurses care for elderly patients in a number of settings which include the patients home, nursing homes, and hospitals. Geriatric Nurses face constant challenges because their patients are often very ill, very complex, and very dependent on the nurses’ skills.

    Holistic – Holistic Nurses provide medical care for patients while honoring the individual’s subjective opinions about health, health beliefs, and values. Holistic nursing requires nurses to integrate self-care, self-responsibility, spirituality, and reflection into their daily nursing care.

    HIV/AIDS – HIV/AIDS Nurses provide healthcare for patients who are HIV or AIDS positive. These nurses usually have specialized training in HIV/AIDS.

    Informatics – Nursing Informatics is a broad field which combines nursing knowledge with the use of computers. Jobs in this field could range from the implementation of a new computer network within a hospital to the sales of computer systems to hospitals by an outside computer company.

    Legal Nursing – Legal Nursing combines the use of the legal system with a thorough knowledge of the nursing field. Legal Nurses are usually seasoned veterans of the nursing field who work with attorneys to review medical documents and determine if medical negligence occurred. The regulatory agency in the U.S. is the American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants

    Midwifery – Midwives are nurses that are specially trained to deal with childbirth and providing prenatal and postpartum care. The midwives are qualified to deliver babies by themselves unless there are extenuating circumstances which require the midwife to consult with a physician.

    Military – Military Nurses work in a variety of settings, ranging from family practice at a local military base to providing emergency care for the wounded during war times.

    Neonatal – Neonatal Nurses provide care for newborns by assessing the patient to ensure good health, providing preventative care to prevent illness, and caring for the babies which are sick. The neonatal nurse is responsible for anticipating, preventing, diagnosing and minimizing illness of newborns.

    Neuroscience – Neuroscience Nurses care for patients using new therapies and innovative technologies to treat diseases of the nervous system.

    Nurse Practitioner – Nurse Practitioners are advanced practice nurses who have obtained their masters degree and are qualified to prescribe medication, and interpret diagnostic and laboratory tests. They fall under the fiefdom of either the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners or the American College of Nurse Practitioners in the U.S.

    Occupational Health – the Occupational Health Nursing is responsible for improving, protecting, maintaining and restoring the health of employees. By providing this care for employees, the occupational health nurse is able to influence the health of the organization.

    Oncology – Oncology Nurses provide health care for cancer patients at all stages of treatment and remission.

    Pediatric – Pediatric Nurses care for children in all aspects of health care. Pediatric nurses practice in a

    variety of settings which include hospitals, clinics, schools, and in the home. The controlling agencies in the U.S. are the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses or the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates and Practitioners.

    Perioperative (OR) – Perioperative Nurses work in operating rooms in tertiary care hospitals, community and rural hospitals, day care surgery units and specialized clinics. They often provide post-anesthetic care in rural hospitals or specialized units where nurses provide total patient care.

    Psychiatric – Psychiatric Nurses provide care for patients and families with psychiatric and mental illnesses. These nurses practice in a variety of settings which include hospitals, and institutions. Since this is an underdeveloped field, affiliation is to an international agency, the International Society of Psychiatric – Mental Health Nurses

    Research – Research Nurses perform clinical and basic research to establish a scientific basis for the care of individuals across the life span-from management of patients during illness and recovery to the reduction of risks for disease and disability, the promotion of healthy lifestyles, promoting quality of life in those with chronic illness, and care for individuals at the end of life.

    School Nursing – School Nurses work with students and faculty of schools providing medical care and other support in an in-school environment. Since parents can be very demanding in the U.S., they are affiliated to the National Association of School Nurses.

    Transplant – Transplant Nurses work in a variety of settings and function in various aspects of transplant procedures. They assist in the transplantation of various body parts which include, but are not limited to: liver, kidney, pancreas, small bowel, heart, and lungs. Their regulatory agency is the International Transplant Nurses Society.

    Trauma – Trauma Nurses care for patients in an emergency or critical care setting. These nurses generally care for patients who have suffered severe trauma such as a car accident, gunshot wound, stabbing, assault, or other traumatic injury.

    Travel Nursing – Travel Nurses work for an agency that provides nurses to hospitals and other health care facilities across the country. Travel nurses usually get to choose which locations they are willing to travel to and are typically given assignments which last for 13 weeks or more. Travel nurses usually make a very good salary, receive paid housing accommodations, sign-on bonuses, and other excellent benefits.

    Urology – Urology Nurses care for patients in such specialties as oncology, male infertility, male sexual dysfunction, kidney stones, incontinence, and pediatrics. Urology nurses may also participate in such urological surgeries as surgery for cancer, general urology, plastic, infertility, brachytherapy, lithotrispy, and pediatric surgery.

    Women’s Health – Women’s Health Nurses participate in fields such as OB/GYN, mammography, reproductive health, and general women’s health. These nurses practice in a variety of settings.

    References:

    This entry was posted in: Blog.

    Worldwide Earthquake Data Magnitude 5.0 and Over (2014)

    December 2014

    time latitude longitude depth mag magType nst gap dmin rms place
    2014-12-17T15:24:31.510Z 2.6886 95.7579 36.33 5.2 mb 109 2.278 0.75 72km WNW of Sinabang, Indonesia
    2014-12-17T13:58:50.680Z 64.6389 -17.6929 7.39 5 mb 74 1.565 1.13 117km S of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-12-17T13:05:25.620Z -7.2396 154.9615 62.82 5 mb 55 4.113 1.2 117km SSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-17T09:46:57.990Z -5.555 151.4132 73.08 5.3 mb 51 1.547 0.84 140km E of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-17T06:10:05.110Z -3.9335 100.1273 10 5.6 mb 48 2.852 1.45 237km W of Bengkulu, Indonesia
    2014-12-16T20:27:44.940Z -4.8744 133.7932 43.81 5 mb 90 2.479 0.75 109km NNW of Dobo, Indonesia
    2014-12-16T11:36:34.200Z -10.9051 165.9597 56.03 5.2 mb 81 4.674 0.65 24km SSE of Lata, Solomon Islands
    2014-12-16T10:45:26.640Z -56.8369 -150.422 10 5.5 mb 76 26.384 1.01 Pacific-Antarctic Ridge
    2014-12-16T10:12:50.800Z 31.1241 141.934 10 5.2 mb 66 2.679 1.02 296km SE of Hachijo-jima, Japan
    2014-12-15T09:26:54.520Z 64.6097 -17.2895 10 5.4 mb 67 6.162 1.38 107km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-12-15T01:18:49.070Z -5.6444 150.6379 120.88 5.1 mb 61 2.096 1.2 55km E of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-14T12:41:52.170Z -20.8564 -176.609 228.83 5.2 mb 30 5.915 1.12 148km WNW of Havelu, Tonga
    2014-12-14T07:14:07.290Z -30.588 -178.098 23.43 5.1 mb 69 1.346 0.97 121km NE of L’Esperance Rock, New Zealand
    2014-12-13T19:25:00.780Z -56.7129 -150.489 15.8 5.1 mb 60 26.486 0.91 Pacific-Antarctic Ridge
    2014-12-13T15:01:46.140Z -56.6031 -26.8057 97.81 5.2 mb 71 5.98 1.2 26km ENE of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-12-13T12:46:44.590Z -28.9561 -112.196 10 5.1 mb 144 34.669 0.69 Easter Island region
    2014-12-13T09:17:49.050Z 1.835 126.509 28.67 5 mb 63 1.36 0.98 150km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-12-13T04:59:59.620Z 27.0517 -44.3734 10 5.1 mb 74 19.541 0.9 Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-12-12T20:45:40.630Z 30.4005 50.5021 10.74 5.2 mb 42 2.391 1.01 28km W of Do Gonbadan, Iran
    2014-12-12T20:22:35.420Z -18.8872 -176.431 316.89 5.8 mww 29 5.361 1.04 240km WNW of Pangai, Tonga
    2014-12-12T12:35:29.480Z -19.9159 -70.9414 11.36 5.3 mb 117 0.833 1.35 90km WNW of Iquique, Chile
    2014-12-12T12:31:51.270Z 44.6089 149.3278 29.74 5 mb 102 4.854 0.74 133km ESE of Kuril’sk, Russia
    2014-12-12T08:02:07.340Z -46.9634 165.8315 17.55 5.2 mb 85 0.989 1.06 180km WSW of Riverton, New Zealand
    2014-12-12T06:05:06.530Z -55.2351 -128.576 10 5.2 mb 47 32.483 0.64 Pacific-Antarctic Ridge
    2014-12-11T22:27:44.970Z -20.9231 -178.936 603.02 5 mb 20 4.251 0.9 38km SW of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    2014-12-11T18:16:50.670Z -56.8084 -25.3966 10 5.1 mb 70 6.783 0.47 110km E of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-12-11T14:01:37.640Z -56.772 -25.4833 9.08 5.1 mb 63 6.726 0.76 105km E of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-12-11T13:53:29.250Z -56.8542 -25.6235 9.18 5.7 mb 69 6.678 0.84 97km E of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-12-11T06:00:15.090Z 3.6249 126.9752 35 5 mb 89 2.86 0.92 239km NNW of Tobelo, Indonesia
    2014-12-11T00:43:21.900Z 11.5647 141.4942 35 5.1 mb 30 3.86 0.75 225km NNE of Fais, Micronesia
    2014-12-10T21:03:39.430Z 25.5679 122.4485 254.36 6.1 mwb 24 1.045 0.88 86km NE of Keelung, Taiwan
    2014-12-10T20:27:54.510Z 19.128 121.2004 41.99 5 mb 56 3.672 0.81 57km N of Namuac, Philippines
    2014-12-10T12:49:52.570Z -18.4762 -173.106 10 5 mb 63 4.716 0.81 94km ENE of Neiafu, Tonga
    2014-12-09T19:23:36.690Z -59.0366 -25.616 53.7 5.1 mb 52 7.649 0.83 51km E of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands
    2014-12-09T05:18:29.190Z -49.7725 122.6937 10 5.1 mb 54 17.313 0.79 Western Indian-Antarctic Ridge
    2014-12-09T04:06:17.590Z -6.4271 154.237 10 5.1 mb 62 3.032 0.87 138km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-09T03:09:23.740Z 1.6358 126.3589 36.78 5.9 mb 31 1.323 1.23 132km E of Bitung, Indonesia
    2014-12-09T02:33:34.400Z -6.3658 154.3283 10 5.6 mb 50 3.051 1.11 128km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-09T02:01:35.790Z -6.4737 154.3534 65.07 5.3 mb 33 3.145 0.99 126km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-09T01:31:10.610Z -34.2595 -108.602 10 5.1 mb 82 30.698 1.07 Southern East Pacific Rise
    2014-12-08T18:44:47.210Z 8.0391 -82.6416 43.44 5.3 mwb 65 2.431 0.76 24km E of Punta de Burica, Panama
    2014-12-08T15:08:55.730Z -2.6351 140.3654 49.8 5.2 mb 20 7.019 0.96 24km W of Abepura, Indonesia
    2014-12-08T13:15:04.970Z -6.4993 154.5831 10 5 mb 29 3.325 0.5 101km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-08T12:51:26.900Z -1.7944 138.7049 38.25 5.5 mb 35 6.546 1.05 228km WNW of Abepura, Indonesia
    2014-12-08T09:52:04.340Z 50.3648 158.0278 45.31 5.6 mb 54 2.69 1.06 139km ESE of Severo-Kuril’sk, Russia
    2014-12-08T08:54:52.860Z 7.9691 -82.694 20 6.6 mww 44 2.457 0.99 20km ESE of Punta de Burica, Panama
    2014-12-08T07:35:51.430Z 1.946 126.3382 10 5.4 mb 51 1.554 1.11 140km ENE of Bitung, Indonesia
    2014-12-08T01:28:18.010Z 1.7742 126.926 112.9 5.2 mb 97 1.088 1.13 119km NNW of Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-12-07T21:16:37.230Z 13.7322 -91.4371 32.88 5.8 mwb 138 0.826 1.44 53km SSW of Nueva Concepcion, Guatemala
    2014-12-07T17:55:35.340Z -6.5027 154.0728 54.9 5.1 mb 60 2.98 1.27 157km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-07T15:35:45.360Z 13.8132 -60.3272 36.61 5 mb 124 0.226 0.84 61km E of Micoud, Saint Lucia
    2014-12-07T14:51:59.660Z 44.5903 149.2436 58.47 5.1 mb 62 4.792 0.57 129km ESE of Kuril’sk, Russia
    2014-12-07T14:19:29.700Z -6.4842 154.458 10 5 mb 35 3.226 1.07 115km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-07T12:11:33.580Z 13.7562 -91.4178 43.21 5.6 mb 82 0.809 1.41 50km SSW of Nueva Concepcion, Guatemala
    2014-12-07T08:18:08.220Z -6.4423 154.3211 10 5.2 mb 42 7.679 1.18 129km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-07T03:30:02.150Z -6.4076 154.2269 10 5.7 mwp 37 3.011 0.9 139km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-07T02:24:33.350Z -6.7643 154.2994 10 5 mb 49 3.324 0.84 140km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-07T01:40:05.220Z -6.5398 154.3593 10 5.2 mb 66 3.197 1.02 126km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-07T01:22:00.730Z -6.5371 154.4546 10 6.8 mwp 17 3.26 1.3 116km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-12-06T22:05:10.770Z -6.1204 130.4788 117.32 6 mb 36 2.021 0.84 222km NNW of Saumlaki, Indonesia
    2014-12-06T17:21:48.940Z 7.9857 -82.7158 14 6 mww 37 2.432 1.13 17km ESE of Punta de Burica, Panama
    2014-12-06T10:20:01.950Z 23.3611 100.4816 10 5.5 mb 20 3.762 0.98 23km WSW of Weiyuan, China
    2014-12-06T06:20:54.300Z 38.8948 26.2763 10.86 5 mb 29 1.83 1.07 12km SW of Plomarion, Greece
    2014-12-06T01:45:07.710Z 38.8739 26.2633 10 5.3 mb 30 1.836 1.01 14km SW of Plomarion, Greece
    2014-12-05T21:15:13.140Z -13.2966 166.2585 20.12 5.4 mb 176 2.325 0.89 154km WNW of Sola, Vanuatu
    2014-12-05T21:04:57.380Z 64.5588 -17.5657 6.48 5.1 mb 74 1.629 1.34 118km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-12-05T18:43:46.350Z 23.3218 100.4698 11 5.5 mwb 20 2.74 0.88 27km SW of Weiyuan, China
    2014-12-05T16:01:56.800Z 35.5067 135.7479 350.89 5 mb 45 0.36 0.96 1km N of Obama, Japan
    2014-12-05T15:39:06.710Z 1.9905 126.5787 66.84 5.2 mb 104 4.853 1.19 159km NNW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-12-05T12:35:50.870Z 31.0062 141.9846 10 5 mb 115 2.796 0.94 Izu Islands, Japan region
    2014-12-05T10:43:56.380Z -6.844 128.3235 252.37 5.1 mb 26 3.16 1.05 Banda Sea
    2014-12-04T18:45:14.560Z -24.5893 -177.082 108.66 5.4 mb 63 4.698 0.53 South of the Fiji Islands
    2014-12-04T10:53:30.580Z -12.0202 65.6306 10 5.1 mb 48 8.134 1.13 Mid-Indian Ridge
    2014-12-04T10:43:43.380Z -38.2336 177.9982 75.62 5.2 mb 84 0.699 1.04 46km N of Gisborne, New Zealand
    2014-12-03T12:59:29.070Z -2.0656 -76.718 161.47 5.3 mb 130 2.869 0.91 141km ESE of Palora, Ecuador
    2014-12-03T09:38:36.780Z -22.5952 -70.3114 59.32 5.1 mwr 105 0.3 1.11 56km SSW of Tocopilla, Chile
    2014-12-03T00:27:05.700Z -2.8995 122.4181 21.03 5.7 mb 35 1.878 1.35 113km NNE of Unaaha, Indonesia
    2014-12-02T16:33:14.000Z 51.7033 -171.296 46.9 5.1 mb 0.61 87km S of Amukta Island, Alaska
    2014-12-02T05:11:31.340Z 6.0939 123.125 614 6.6 mww 15 4.694 1.43 108km WSW of Sangay, Philippines
    2014-12-02T04:53:46.160Z 5.992 61.3219 10 5.8 mb 39 9.717 1.23 Carlsberg Ridge
    2014-12-02T02:18:31.030Z 64.6854 -17.8405 5.95 5 mb 74 1.498 1.33 111km S of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-12-01T22:47:26.610Z 1.5987 67.7028 10 5.4 mwb 21 10.127 1.27 Carlsberg Ridge
    2014-12-01T13:04:23.580Z -48.7844 164.3418 10 5.1 mb 96 3.062 1.31 250km NNW of Auckland Island, New Zealand
    2014-12-01T12:52:36.360Z 64.5527 -17.4482 10 5 mb 74 6.201 1.5 113km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-12-01T11:06:35.470Z 5.3972 126.6996 67.36 5.1 mb 112 4.642 1.25 121km SSE of Pondaguitan, Philippines
    2014-12-01T03:47:49.320Z 5.9132 61.3661 10 5.2 mwb 39 9.802 1.09 Carlsberg Ridge

     

    November 2014

    time latitude longitude depth mag magType nst gap dmin rms place
    2014-11-30T05:48:22.810Z 5.7452 61.3594 10 5.1 mb 67 9.911 0.63 Carlsberg Ridge
    2014-11-30T00:39:24.810Z -3.2862 145.1676 10 5 mb 42 2.519 1.21 149km NE of Angoram, Papua New Guinea
    2014-11-29T19:40:09.920Z 2.3153 126.9641 31.08 5.6 mb 80 1.585 1.15 133km WNW of Tobelo, Indonesia
    2014-11-29T15:36:17.700Z 19.857 121.3491 35 5.3 mb 82 2.956 1.11 76km SW of Sabtang, Philippines
    2014-11-29T14:18:09.350Z -19.9867 -70.9692 10.42 5.2 mb 137 0.886 0.94 90km WNW of Iquique, Chile
    2014-11-29T13:05:08.880Z 5.6981 61.3519 10 5.1 mb 53 9.938 1.19 Carlsberg Ridge
    2014-11-28T19:29:30.960Z 1.9459 126.477 24.18 5.2 mb 50 1.466 1.02 154km ENE of Bitung, Indonesia
    2014-11-28T15:03:56.850Z -4.9055 151.5449 142.62 5.2 mb 77 0.94 0.85 100km SW of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
    2014-11-28T13:23:15.740Z 5.7442 61.3533 10 5 mb 58 9.907 0.76 Carlsberg Ridge
    2014-11-28T12:42:10.240Z 2.1844 121.342 40.29 5 mb 86 1.204 0.98 113km N of Kali, Indonesia
    2014-11-28T04:36:24.110Z 8.7701 -77.4785 51.01 5.1 mb 95 5.003 1 36km NW of Acandi, Colombia
    2014-11-28T01:18:45.570Z 12.5168 92.7976 42.08 5.2 mb 45 0.857 0.93 90km N of Bamboo Flat, India
    2014-11-27T15:05:51.080Z -21.0942 -175.483 82.17 5.1 mb 37 5.593 1.41 28km WNW of Havelu, Tonga
    2014-11-27T11:10:18.160Z -57.8467 -25.5407 35 5 mb 53 16.729 0.56 143km NNE of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands
    2014-11-27T00:18:28.150Z 5.814 61.2712 10 5.4 mb 49 9.8 0.64 Carlsberg Ridge
    2014-11-26T22:26:01.020Z 8.2459 -104.151 10 5.1 mb 102 10.739 0.89 Northern East Pacific Rise
    2014-11-26T17:16:01.150Z 1.8312 126.5014 21.15 5 mb 102 1.362 0.97 150km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-11-26T16:40:30.130Z -4.8001 152.9565 55.65 5 mb 62 0.995 0.9 37km SSW of Taron, Papua New Guinea
    2014-11-26T15:02:47.760Z 1.8354 126.5089 35 5 mb 54 1.36 1.02 150km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-11-26T14:49:50.840Z 1.8759 126.5192 38.93 5.6 mb 20 1.385 0.93 153km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-11-26T14:48:30.720Z 1.9022 126.4725 35 5.1 mb 80 1.435 0.84 152km ENE of Bitung, Indonesia
    2014-11-26T14:33:43.610Z 1.9229 126.5304 39 6.8 mww 19 1.416 1.15 156km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-11-26T13:08:36.820Z 5.8002 61.3756 10 5.2 mb 70 9.885 0.81 Carlsberg Ridge
    2014-11-26T12:42:37.900Z 48.856 154.0627 101.41 5 mb 134 4.837 0.62 251km SW of Severo-Kuril’sk, Russia
    2014-11-25T20:20:16.290Z 6.7671 -72.9534 165.36 5.3 mb 33 2.344 1.22 11km NE of Aratoca, Colombia
    2014-11-25T19:47:53.850Z -39.7067 -15.9668 14.52 5.1 mb 78 31.67 1.42 Tristan da Cunha region
    2014-11-25T16:29:52.270Z 2.3286 126.9823 46.68 5.1 mb 71 1.593 0.87 132km WNW of Tobelo, Indonesia
    2014-11-25T15:19:07.970Z 30.1815 101.7445 9 5.6 mwb 19 5.115 0.56 25km NW of Kangding, China
    2014-11-25T08:54:59.790Z -20.5413 -68.7475 108.35 5.1 mb 40 0.551 1.53 149km ESE of Iquique, Chile
    2014-11-25T05:19:55.090Z 5.7523 61.33 10 5 mb 110 9.885 1.3 Carlsberg Ridge
    2014-11-24T21:02:19.460Z -5.9626 154.9618 170 5.6 mww 21 3.296 0.82 69km WNW of Arawa, Papua New Guinea
    2014-11-24T15:30:08.840Z 2.7797 96.1585 47.85 5.3 mb 57 2.038 0.77 41km NW of Sinabang, Indonesia
    2014-11-24T09:03:28.950Z 64.5876 -17.6645 10 5.2 mb 100 1.583 1.44 123km S of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-11-23T13:34:54.620Z 39.6112 143.2676 17.48 5 mb 80 2.307 0.64 112km E of Miyako, Japan
    2014-11-23T11:01:25.310Z 43.7982 -128.408 10 5.4 mb 162 3.113 1.41 Off the coast of Oregon
    2014-11-22T19:14:17.040Z 45.8652 27.1584 39.1 5.5 mwb 63 0.12 1.08 4km ENE of Tifesti, Romania
    2014-11-22T16:33:54.340Z -49.1961 108.7481 10 5 mb 147 20.862 0.71 Southeast Indian Ridge
    2014-11-22T13:45:27.170Z 36.5065 66.5321 23.7 5.5 mb 78 2.835 1.15 42km SW of Balkh, Afghanistan
    2014-11-22T13:08:18.510Z 36.6402 137.9109 10 6.2 mwp 26 0.253 1.29 16km NNE of Omachi, Japan
    2014-11-22T08:55:27.410Z 30.3427 101.7202 14.55 5.9 mwb 24 5.277 0.67 39km NW of Kangding, China
    2014-11-22T08:43:53.500Z -8.7648 -74.6034 137.79 5.1 mb 87 3.886 0.61 39km SE of Campoverde, Peru
    2014-11-22T06:50:53.640Z -20.0679 -71.1275 14.65 5 mww 115 1.017 0.74 104km W of Iquique, Chile
    2014-11-22T04:18:40.720Z -17.673 168.2637 61.57 5.2 mb 53 2.435 0.83 9km NW of Port-Vila, Vanuatu
    2014-11-21T10:10:19.840Z 2.2767 127.0552 38.1 6.5 mwc 10 1.526 1.23 122km WNW of Tobelo, Indonesia
    2014-11-21T08:58:05.030Z 36.517 71.0076 235.07 5.2 mb 17 0.699 0.87 41km SSE of Jarm, Afghanistan
    2014-11-21T03:29:12.340Z 20.6792 120.0414 10 5.9 mwp 22 2.336 1.1 163km SSW of Hengchun, Taiwan
    2014-11-20T18:14:37.810Z 23.513 93.5204 49 5.7 mwb 11 2.545 0.79 44km ENE of Khawhai, India
    2014-11-20T06:05:44.940Z 7.4521 94.3657 17.77 5 mb 46 3.385 1.04 128km ESE of Mohean, India
    2014-11-20T01:51:42.180Z 37.3222 141.6072 32 5.6 mww 51 0.848 0.48 56km ESE of Namie, Japan
    2014-11-19T17:46:21.080Z 24.9114 122.1038 3.97 5.2 mww 18 0.554 0.79 39km ENE of Yilan, Taiwan
    2014-11-19T14:34:42.640Z 30.6025 131.3833 21.8 5.1 mb 38 1.206 0.73 39km ESE of Nishinoomote, Japan
    2014-11-19T11:39:48.420Z 14.794 -93.375 35 5 mb 134 1.648 1.14 87km SW of Mapastepec, Mexico
    2014-11-19T05:06:31.050Z -2.7083 68.0738 10 5.1 mb 40 6.391 0.99 Carlsberg Ridge
    2014-11-19T02:56:27.130Z -10.4824 123.8436 24.54 5.2 mb 79 0.326 1.1 45km SE of Kupang, Indonesia
    2014-11-18T16:02:06.590Z -23.5068 -175.073 10 5.3 mb 44 6.262 0.73 241km S of `Ohonua, Tonga
    2014-11-18T15:20:50.060Z 30.0303 131.1578 21.98 5 mb 55 1.594 0.55 79km S of Nishinoomote, Japan
    2014-11-18T12:43:22.330Z 1.9541 126.4458 35 5.1 mb 94 1.492 1.37 151km ENE of Bitung, Indonesia
    2014-11-18T09:15:57.180Z 19.3966 120.3663 30.99 5.2 mb 28 4.888 1.13 102km NNW of Pagudpud, Philippines
    2014-11-18T07:59:14.390Z 31.7225 -40.6915 10 5.1 mb 63 21.601 0.82 Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-11-18T06:06:24.930Z 7.4662 94.3963 10 5.2 mb 61 3.371 1.55 131km ESE of Mohean, India
    2014-11-18T04:47:20.750Z 1.8021 126.4946 72 5.8 mww 19 1.344 0.68 148km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-11-18T03:25:38.020Z 7.4925 94.3663 9.76 5.6 mww 23 3.411 0.43 127km ESE of Mohean, India
    2014-11-18T00:37:25.980Z 38.1919 72.9695 138.24 5 mb 55 2.177 1.18 87km W of Murghob, Tajikistan
    2014-11-17T23:09:04.680Z 38.68 23.2442 10 5.1 mww 37 0.786 0.74 7km N of Malesina, Greece
    2014-11-17T23:05:55.740Z 38.6672 23.4595 7.35 5.4 mww 33 0.945 0.74 7km SSW of Prokopion, Greece
    2014-11-17T19:06:31.250Z -7.0617 120.3597 589.36 5.1 mb 48 2.122 0.84 134km N of Congkar, Indonesia
    2014-11-17T16:52:46.870Z -46.356 33.7741 10 6.2 mwb 19 12.492 0.64 Prince Edward Islands region
    2014-11-17T14:16:31.510Z 19.4711 120.2482 10 5 mb 82 3.419 0.74 114km NNW of Burgos, Philippines
    2014-11-17T14:13:40.990Z 19.6026 120.4452 10 5.4 mb 26 3.253 0.95 120km NNW of Pagudpud, Philippines
    2014-11-17T14:01:27.440Z 19.5658 120.3783 10 5.3 mb 22 3.301 0.97 119km NNW of Pagudpud, Philippines
    2014-11-17T13:34:11.870Z 19.5301 120.2766 10 5.1 mb 31 3.355 0.84 119km NNW of Pagudpud, Philippines
    2014-11-17T13:27:15.820Z -9.754 155.1617 10 5.6 mb 28 4.73 1 259km SW of Gizo, Solomon Islands
    2014-11-17T11:27:07.100Z -35.9828 -102.141 13.18 5.1 mb 42 10.746 1.11 Southeast of Easter Island
    2014-11-17T04:34:12.360Z 20.7795 94.4211 66 5.3 mwb 18 3.634 1 42km WSW of Chauk, Burma
    2014-11-17T01:05:57.680Z -9.5484 155.1391 10 5.8 mww 14 4.744 0.89 246km SW of Gizo, Solomon Islands
    2014-11-16T22:33:20.450Z -37.6478 179.6621 22 6.7 mww 25 1.079 0.49 183km NE of Gisborne, New Zealand
    2014-11-16T11:06:09.150Z 1.6057 97.9136 35.83 5.4 mb 29 0.451 1.02 97km W of Sibolga, Indonesia
    2014-11-16T10:21:22.540Z 10.4748 -86.0807 35.39 5.2 mb 140 1.125 1.33 47km W of Sardinal, Costa Rica
    2014-11-16T01:37:16.190Z 64.6287 -17.7279 5.75 5.1 mb 74 1.551 0.73 118km S of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-11-15T18:56:34.120Z -1.0896 123.5389 45.93 5 mb 22 0.768 1.15 85km E of Luwuk, Indonesia
    2014-11-15T18:22:43.270Z -58.0189 -25.4277 64.13 5 mb 41 7.221 0.67 129km NNE of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands
    2014-11-15T11:12:03.190Z 1.7441 126.5229 35 5.4 mb 37 1.282 1.28 141km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-11-15T09:47:57.810Z 1.7722 126.5452 35 5.5 mb 42 1.289 0.99 142km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-11-15T09:26:57.280Z 2.01 126.7675 35 5 mb 56 1.368 1.2 141km WNW of Tobelo, Indonesia
    2014-11-15T05:20:37.000Z -17.34 -69.99 156 5 mb 0.91 8km SE of Chuquitira, Peru
    2014-11-15T04:06:05.600Z 1.8598 126.6772 35 5 mb 97 1.281 1.58 141km NNW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-11-15T03:08:04.160Z -0.1413 123.9109 84.73 5.8 mb 16 1.448 1.13 58km S of Molibagu, Indonesia
    2014-11-15T02:43:16.800Z 1.7235 126.283 35 5.1 mb 52 1.437 0.79 126km ENE of Bitung, Indonesia
    2014-11-15T02:40:05.140Z 0.6136 125.9873 21.49 5.2 mb 71 1.388 0.67 128km SE of Bitung, Indonesia
    2014-11-15T02:31:41.740Z 1.8894 126.5106 45 7.1 mww 18 1.401 0.69 155km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-11-15T00:18:39.800Z -12.6887 -76.7348 43.82 5.4 mww 55 0.704 0.71 11km WSW of Mala, Peru
    2014-11-14T11:25:50.640Z 64.5332 -17.2343 10 5.2 mb 73 6.243 0.86 102km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-11-14T09:51:31.730Z 52.0415 176.6871 78.69 5 mb 127 1.727 1.09 62km SE of Buldir Island, Alaska
    2014-11-14T07:52:23.360Z -3.9924 142.6536 83.19 5 mb 37 5.088 0.83 34km NW of Ambunti, Papua New Guinea
    2014-11-14T06:09:45.510Z 52.3316 160.908 41.79 5 mb 123 1.539 0.67 172km ESE of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Russia
    2014-11-14T04:16:07.920Z 45.2068 150.9658 20 5.3 mww 24 5.97 0.73 242km E of Kuril’sk, Russia
    2014-11-14T01:24:15.250Z 42.0925 77.2621 10 5.2 mww 22 0.067 0.63 8km SE of Kadzhi-Say, Kyrgyzstan
    2014-11-13T16:14:00.210Z 13.1415 -87.5851 200.58 5.2 mb 34 0.166 0.9 18km SSE of Amapala, Honduras
    2014-11-13T12:21:07.240Z -18.4918 169.0647 218.51 5.5 mb 39 3.512 0.72 114km SE of Port-Vila, Vanuatu
    2014-11-13T10:42:17.450Z -10.5693 165.6292 43.46 5.1 mb 34 5.085 0.85 27km NW of Lata, Solomon Islands
    2014-11-13T10:24:18.380Z -15.1673 173.0519 10 5.7 mb 50 5.439 1.26 Fiji region
    2014-11-12T11:04:49.480Z 33.0145 140.6319 67.75 5.1 mb 59 0.694 1.01 78km E of Hachijo-jima, Japan
    2014-11-11T21:22:25.570Z -6.7773 129.494 159.95 5.1 mb 18 2.153 0.79 239km WNW of Saumlaki, Indonesia
    2014-11-11T08:04:39.110Z 7.4669 94.224 33.1 5 mb 46 3.502 0.84 114km ESE of Mohean, India
    2014-11-11T07:50:08.030Z 7.4741 94.2771 10 5.3 mwb 38 3.466 0.94 119km ESE of Mohean, India
    2014-11-11T07:25:05.710Z 7.3018 94.7032 10 5.1 mb 99 11.832 1.85 169km ESE of Mohean, India
    2014-11-11T05:04:44.040Z 7.8339 94.5965 10 5 mb 80 3.486 1.45 141km E of Mohean, India
    2014-11-10T23:49:51.440Z -58.8531 -25.5233 45.4 5 mb 40 7.589 1.03 60km ENE of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands
    2014-11-10T21:38:00.880Z -29.9977 -177.845 29 5.7 mww 54 0.753 1 81km S of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    2014-11-10T18:22:30.660Z 13.2196 -90.8093 10 5 mb 62 1.556 1.12 78km S of Puerto San Jose, Guatemala
    2014-11-10T13:52:37.390Z 27.9051 55.8465 10 5.4 mb 37 2.965 0.68 90km NNW of Bandar ‘Abbas, Iran
    2014-11-10T11:38:58.880Z -21.6429 -68.5214 103.88 5.8 mb 69 0.687 1.48 100km NNE of Calama, Chile
    2014-11-10T10:04:21.970Z -22.7746 171.4453 10 6.1 mwp 39 4.68 0.96 74km SW of Ile Hunter, New Caledonia
    2014-11-10T04:41:14.900Z 10.0226 126.7448 8 5.2 mwb 35 3.152 0.99 69km ENE of General Luna, Philippines
    2014-11-10T02:39:02.510Z -23.9776 69.5585 10 5.2 mb 54 13.069 0.91 Mid-Indian Ridge
    2014-11-09T21:19:41.230Z 64.5574 -17.4688 7.4 5.3 mwc 52 1.671 0.34 114km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-11-09T16:26:03.640Z -23.3937 -179.852 547.47 5 mb 47 5.952 0.78 South of the Fiji Islands
    2014-11-09T07:12:04.190Z -51.5611 139.5397 10 5.2 mb 66 10.137 0.96 Western Indian-Antarctic Ridge
    2014-11-08T23:15:42.200Z 38.1 20.44 18 5.1 mww 0.84 9km SSW of Argostolion, Greece
    2014-11-08T16:09:02.790Z -21.0123 -179.016 611.32 5.1 mb 46 4.268 0.79 51km SW of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    2014-11-08T12:42:42.710Z 5.0097 126.2913 94.92 5 mb 91 4.344 1.11 101km ESE of Sarangani, Philippines
    2014-11-07T23:54:23.540Z 37.8334 142.2361 45.43 5.1 mww 20 1.145 0.75 104km SE of Ishinomaki, Japan
    2014-11-07T22:54:58.990Z 6.7801 126.7506 71.66 5.1 mb 13 1.198 1 44km SE of Tarragona, Philippines
    2014-11-07T17:34:51.610Z -6.4359 148.5805 52.2 5.2 mb 23 3.268 1.16 80km ENE of Finschhafen, Papua New Guinea
    2014-11-07T07:41:38.300Z 38.1 20.44 18 5.1 mb 0.87 9km SSW of Argostolion, Greece
    2014-11-07T07:11:23.540Z 64.5865 -17.5343 8.01 5.2 mb 76 1.639 1.04 118km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-11-07T06:50:55.000Z -60.1973 -26.8602 10 5.1 mb 54 7.894 0.69 131km S of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands
    2014-11-07T03:33:55.600Z -5.9959 148.2343 55.98 6.6 mww 13 3.55 0.89 78km NNE of Finschhafen, Papua New Guinea
    2014-11-07T01:59:20.170Z 13.6401 -90.66 68.33 5.4 mb 50 1.334 0.89 32km S of Iztapa, Guatemala
    2014-11-07T00:20:47.190Z 4.7861 95.0714 39 5.5 mww 21 1.919 1.05 89km SSW of Banda Aceh, Indonesia
    2014-11-06T15:46:20.400Z 7.4197 94.3316 28.75 5.3 mb 31 3.39 0.91 127km ESE of Mohean, India
    2014-11-05T23:28:32.510Z -5.1891 153.6311 77.57 5.1 mb 42 1.766 0.64 103km SE of Taron, Papua New Guinea
    2014-11-04T18:21:03.570Z -28.6017 -179.055 354.34 5.2 mb 49 1.176 0.94 134km WNW of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    2014-11-04T11:26:25.630Z -15.4683 -173.165 6.05 5 mb 85 2.05 0.72 82km NE of Hihifo, Tonga
    2014-11-04T04:19:10.360Z 0.0782 123.6538 129.16 5.1 mb 24 1.419 0.58 49km SW of Molibagu, Indonesia
    2014-11-03T12:36:17.740Z -41.8079 79.9595 10 5.1 mb 50 10.171 0.77 Mid-Indian Ridge
    2014-11-03T08:56:30.790Z -7.4091 105.9668 25.05 5 mb 52 1.735 0.74 52km W of Gunungbatu, Indonesia
    2014-11-03T08:48:29.740Z -41.7317 79.9602 10 6.3 mww 17 4.34 1.15 Mid-Indian Ridge
    2014-11-03T08:27:05.480Z 4.8421 -32.7389 10 5.1 mb 55 11.058 0.98 Central Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-11-03T08:23:53.650Z 4.6657 -32.6801 10 5.5 mww 55 10.908 0.97 Central Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-11-03T07:18:08.450Z 4.6268 -32.5701 10 5.1 mb 34 10.904 0.62 Central Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-11-02T18:25:41.010Z -10.9652 29.7352 10 5.3 mb 62 4.543 0.84 48km NNE of Samfya, Zambia
    2014-11-02T17:17:04.410Z -61.2203 154.2778 10 6 mww 42 7.185 0.91 Balleny Islands region
    2014-11-02T16:05:46.130Z 64.5674 -17.0651 10 5.4 mww 46 1.842 0.89 96km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-11-01T22:13:14.550Z -9.7822 159.7576 24.48 5.3 ms_20 29 0.389 0.57 43km SSW of Honiara, Solomon Islands
    2014-11-01T18:57:22.380Z -19.6903 -177.759 434 7.1 mww 13 4.415 0.84 144km NE of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    2014-11-01T10:59:54.610Z -31.852 -111.244 10 6 mww 36 4.994 0.98 Easter Island region
    2014-11-01T10:05:43.540Z -31.9202 -111.107 10 5.8 mww 38 5.02 0.63 Easter Island region

     

    October 2014

    time latitude longitude depth mag magType nst gap dmin rms place
    2014-10-31T21:32:26.100Z 64.621 -17.777 10.4 5 mb 34 1.531 0.78 119km S of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-10-31T18:42:18.280Z -7.6047 -76.3621 17.59 5.4 mb 29 2.069 0.95 59km SE of Huicungo, Peru
    2014-10-31T17:54:14.500Z -10.749 165.2683 35.25 5 mb 50 5.035 1.32 61km W of Lata, Solomon Islands
    2014-10-31T17:04:58.240Z -5.4184 35.8954 10 5.1 mb 55 4.251 0.84 58km SSE of Kondoa, Tanzania
    2014-10-31T01:30:38.970Z 64.76 -17.2373 5.37 5.2 mww 47 1.753 0.82 110km SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-10-30T22:37:16.030Z -16.1365 -73.6336 63.59 5.1 mww 82 3.85 0.71 112km WNW of Camana, Peru
    2014-10-30T12:11:35.650Z -6.9881 117.5894 535 5.7 mww 21 2.91 0.76 128km N of Labuhankananga, Indonesia
    2014-10-29T21:14:54.460Z -5.9967 148.7249 70.73 5.2 mb 24 3.724 0.76 94km WNW of Kandrian, Papua New Guinea
    2014-10-29T16:28:05.400Z -6.0235 148.772 73.26 5.2 mb 25 3.719 0.93 88km WNW of Kandrian, Papua New Guinea
    2014-10-28T13:13:08.950Z -36.0143 53.5134 10 5.4 mwb 50 10.48 0.88 South Indian Ocean
    2014-10-28T03:15:37.950Z -15.2954 -174.675 8 6 mww 45 5.892 0.55 122km NW of Hihifo, Tonga
    2014-10-27T13:11:41.570Z -11.936 166.536 138.48 5.1 mb 27 3.549 0.75 155km SSE of Lata, Solomon Islands
    2014-10-27T09:54:04.880Z 51.4364 -177.844 52.62 5.1 mb 87 0.416 0.99 53km SSE of Tanaga Volcano, Alaska
    2014-10-27T08:34:20.850Z 9.7575 126.7514 46.09 5.5 mwc 37 2.911 1.12 65km E of General Luna, Philippines
    2014-10-27T08:32:09.210Z 9.6705 126.7486 58.75 5.1 mb 69 2.831 0.87 65km E of General Luna, Philippines
    2014-10-26T19:47:35.560Z -4.7711 152.6343 60.28 5 mb 63 0.743 0.82 55km SW of Taron, Papua New Guinea
    2014-10-26T12:13:24.590Z -5.3877 150.4768 40.56 5.2 mb 33 2.058 1.21 41km ENE of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea
    2014-10-26T10:45:31.840Z -10.5571 -74.0836 125 5.7 mww 46 3.056 1.01 97km NE of Satipo, Peru
    2014-10-26T08:56:41.720Z -10.2403 112.7996 36.09 5 mb 26 2.207 0.97 203km S of Krajan Tambakrejo, Indonesia
    2014-10-26T05:54:47.810Z 64.5311 -17.324 8.01 5.3 mww 21 1.737 0.68 106km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-10-25T01:48:38.110Z 64.4457 -17.6238 7.11 5 mb 63 1.625 0.92 118km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-10-24T23:43:15.500Z 38.9193 21.1252 0.1 5.3 mww 1.16 6km SW of Krikellos, Greece
    2014-10-24T12:38:56.300Z 27.772 57.4 23.8 5.3 mb 1.02 76km NNE of Minab, Iran
    2014-10-24T11:21:21.420Z -44.3237 -82.0554 10 5.2 mb 50 7.292 1 West Chile Rise
    2014-10-24T02:23:46.430Z 1.4558 126.4462 43.65 5.2 mb 35 1.143 0.95 126km NW of Kota Ternate, Indonesia
    2014-10-23T23:38:52.290Z -33.9887 -72.2833 17.32 5 mwr 52 1.059 1.47 75km SW of San Antonio, Chile
    2014-10-23T16:30:24.000Z 65.1661 -149.055 19.5 5 ml 0.92 61km NW of Ester, Alaska
    2014-10-23T12:18:32.070Z -33.2418 -179.487 35 5.3 mwc 43 4.201 1.07 208km SSW of L’Esperance Rock, New Zealand
    2014-10-23T06:59:20.560Z 1.723 127.3296 102.96 5.2 mb 62 0.945 0.73 75km W of Tobelo, Indonesia
    2014-10-22T21:56:55.990Z 14.9514 -44.9415 10 5.3 mb 33 12.377 0.49 Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-10-22T12:38:21.510Z -55.3685 -27.9959 10 5 mb 44 5.029 0.57 156km NNW of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-10-22T10:16:19.980Z 51.6589 -176.912 52.83 5.2 mb 67 0.226 0.64 30km SW of Adak, Alaska
    2014-10-22T00:15:17.440Z 27.4158 128.5533 43 5.8 mww 19 0.629 0.95 108km NNE of Nago, Japan
    2014-10-21T23:01:18.320Z -63.4595 169.6619 10 5.6 mwb 21 14.342 0.98 Balleny Islands region
    2014-10-21T08:36:40.480Z 64.5169 -17.1099 10 5.2 mb 46 1.831 1.1 96km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-10-21T00:36:58.000Z 65.1507 -149.04 12.8 5 ml 0.87 59km NW of Ester, Alaska
    2014-10-20T19:33:21.820Z 0.6615 -77.8883 10 5.6 mwb 27 0.702 0.95 7km NE of El Angel, Ecuador
    2014-10-20T16:34:22.370Z -15.5429 -173.237 10 5.3 mb 38 4.726 0.69 71km NE of Hihifo, Tonga
    2014-10-20T14:53:01.620Z 8.5778 -39.3908 10 5.1 mb 33 13.602 0.91 Central Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-10-20T07:58:52.360Z -61.9473 161.3242 10 5.7 mwb 37 7.574 1.18 Balleny Islands region
    2014-10-20T06:27:50.810Z -1.9597 127.6099 30.96 5 mb 46 2.724 1.08 67km S of Laiwui, Indonesia
    2014-10-19T20:06:13.260Z 8.6802 -39.3344 10 5.4 mwc 78 16.608 0.93 Central Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-10-19T19:51:10.100Z 8.7008 -39.4059 10 5.3 Unknown 50.4 8.982255 1.25 Central Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-10-19T19:38:38.300Z -3.3258 150.8427 10 5.8 mww 46 1.573 1.06 83km S of Kavieng, Papua New Guinea
    2014-10-19T18:58:33.120Z -3.3695 150.9204 10 5.2 mb 87 1.485 0.97 88km S of Kavieng, Papua New Guinea
    2014-10-19T18:14:30.700Z 14.2324 124.4802 52.56 5 mb 56 3.439 1.13 38km NNE of Bagamanoc, Philippines
    2014-10-18T17:23:56.150Z -46.8458 33.4893 10 5 mb 33 17.405 0.81 Prince Edward Islands region
    2014-10-18T12:14:09.710Z -58.438 -26.5432 161.91 5 mb 52 6.915 0.56 66km N of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands
    2014-10-18T09:40:54.580Z -33.1845 -179.176 10 5 mb 60 4.069 0.8 195km S of L’Esperance Rock, New Zealand
    2014-10-18T09:40:13.680Z 64.7254 -17.2768 8.8 5.3 mww 45 1.737 0.81 112km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-10-18T08:02:34.320Z -6.0198 103.9472 75.07 5.1 mb 54 1.921 0.89 76km S of Biha, Indonesia
    2014-10-17T17:41:34.680Z 29.7016 128.518 41.28 5 mb 21 2.455 0.85 175km NNW of Naze, Japan
    2014-10-17T14:50:58.970Z -19.2088 -175.79 196.57 5 mb 42 5.544 0.97 164km WNW of Pangai, Tonga
    2014-10-17T09:26:00.240Z -6.4963 107.1731 151.61 5.2 mb 19 0.545 1.04 26km ESE of Cileungsi, Indonesia
    2014-10-16T17:08:17.810Z 5.5076 126.4243 43.95 5 mb 63 1.764 0.93 97km ESE of Caburan, Philippines
    2014-10-16T09:24:30.580Z -15.1557 -173.527 10 5.1 mb 47 2.099 0.73 91km NNE of Hihifo, Tonga
    2014-10-16T08:34:48.290Z 3.9505 93.4388 12 5.3 mwb 37 3.72 0.99 274km SW of Banda Aceh, Indonesia
    2014-10-16T02:11:13.720Z -45.8174 -14.1358 14.72 5 mb 73 26.488 0.46 Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-10-16T00:56:30.690Z 1.0484 97.221 26.76 5.1 mb 25 0.435 0.53 183km SSE of Sinabang, Indonesia
    2014-10-15T23:53:02.260Z 31.7863 140.5047 60 5.5 mww 29 1.448 0.69 158km SSE of Hachijo-jima, Japan
    2014-10-15T18:32:19.130Z -3.1617 128.0216 31.77 5 mb 22 3.961 1.27 22km WSW of Piru, Indonesia
    2014-10-15T13:35:52.840Z 32.5273 47.8065 10 5.7 mww 44 6.951 0.65 53km ESE of Dehloran, Iran
    2014-10-15T11:16:33.900Z 64.4814 -18.0043 10 5.5 mww 75 1.456 0.97 128km NNE of Vik, Iceland
    2014-10-15T08:44:49.490Z 44.1302 149.1219 20.48 5 mb 98 4.7 0.76 157km SE of Kuril’sk, Russia
    2014-10-14T22:52:08.990Z 26.2531 127.4224 34.65 5.3 mwb 25 3.446 0.76 26km W of Naha-shi, Japan
    2014-10-14T18:36:06.270Z 7.5569 94.2408 10 5 mb 32 3.547 0.84 111km ESE of Mohean, India
    2014-10-14T18:08:45.960Z 40.9297 143.2338 29.32 5 mb 74 1.085 0.92 154km ENE of Hachinohe, Japan
    2014-10-14T09:16:43.000Z -33.733 -72.071 19.1 5 mwr 0.76 44km WSW of San Antonio, Chile
    2014-10-14T08:35:23.230Z -30.0384 -177.512 34.56 5.2 mb 71 0.87 1.11 93km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    2014-10-14T04:12:27.040Z -34.8164 179.864 14.21 5.7 mb 52 3.015 0.51 South of the Kermadec Islands
    2014-10-14T03:51:34.460Z 12.5262 -88.1225 40 7.3 mww 18 1.078 0.7 74km S of Intipuca, El Salvador
    2014-10-13T22:05:39.580Z -6.6661 129.704 155.12 5.3 mb 18 2.052 0.63 227km NW of Saumlaki, Indonesia
    2014-10-13T15:14:27.000Z -15.25 -73.53 95 5.4 mwb 0.99 36km SE of Coracora, Peru
    2014-10-13T05:13:44.060Z -46.2066 165.9628 20 5.8 mww 46 0.5 0.75 159km W of Riverton, New Zealand
    2014-10-13T03:21:24.520Z -32.5587 -111.288 10 5 mb 59 5.673 0.88 Southern East Pacific Rise
    2014-10-12T20:58:01.740Z -5.3699 152.0677 53.71 5 mb 90 1.174 0.88 114km S of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
    2014-10-12T19:54:48.130Z -5.3824 152.1202 49.76 5.1 mb 114 1.184 0.92 115km S of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
    2014-10-12T19:41:53.440Z -5.4044 152.1118 47.53 5.2 mb 61 1.206 0.65 117km S of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
    2014-10-12T19:34:24.610Z -5.3624 152.1318 49.14 5.1 mb 41 1.164 0.78 112km S of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
    2014-10-12T19:03:54.850Z -5.3746 152.1175 16.57 5.3 mwb 66 1.176 0.81 114km S of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
    2014-10-12T17:07:47.860Z -22.179 -11.9597 10 5.3 mb 49 8.53 0.74 Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-10-12T10:44:11.040Z -22.871 -68.063 120.13 5 mb 33 0.824 1.21 16km ENE of San Pedro de Atacama, Chile
    2014-10-12T08:43:44.090Z 64.533 -17.6572 10 5.1 mb 24 1.594 0.62 122km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-10-12T05:40:43.700Z 57.282 -33.2667 10 5.6 mww 23 7.344 0.63 Reykjanes Ridge
    2014-10-12T05:17:37.290Z 57.2989 -33.2673 10 5.3 mwc 23 7.334 0.53 Reykjanes Ridge
    2014-10-11T16:46:02.100Z 16.025 -95.649 10 5.5 mww 2.1 45km ENE of Santa Maria Xadani, Mexico
    2014-10-11T05:20:35.040Z 40.9544 143.0805 20 5.4 mww 68 1.061 0.61 142km ENE of Hachinohe, Japan
    2014-10-11T02:35:47.480Z 41.0272 143.1649 22 6.1 mww 28 0.987 0.72 152km ENE of Hachinohe, Japan
    2014-10-10T18:59:00.610Z -32.084 -110.783 10 5.2 mb 24 5.098 0.74 Southern East Pacific Rise
    2014-10-10T17:12:25.400Z -32.7895 -111.643 10 5.2 mb 37 5.988 0.97 Southern East Pacific Rise
    2014-10-10T12:58:18.530Z 4.3528 126.3313 73.47 5 mb 86 2.8 1.01 150km SE of Sarangani, Philippines
    2014-10-10T07:33:07.390Z 44.1831 149.0673 29.23 5.1 mb 81 4.659 0.61 149km SE of Kuril’sk, Russia
    2014-10-10T06:22:57.000Z 8.37 -83.126 20.5 5 mwr 0.79 28km W of Finca Blanco Numero Uno, Panama
    2014-10-10T04:07:50.630Z -32.1648 -110.836 10 5.6 mww 31 5.187 0.74 Southern East Pacific Rise

     

    September 2014

    time latitude longitude depth mag magType nst gap dmin rms place
    2014-09-30T22:34:27.030Z -17.8303 -178.595 572.19 5.5 mwb 18 3.194 0.66 265km SE of Lambasa, Fiji
    2014-09-30T19:23:49.240Z -4.1245 153.0762 4.58 5.2 mb 76 0.912 0.85 38km N of Taron, Papua New Guinea
    2014-09-30T16:45:56.230Z 1.6006 67.7386 10 5.5 mwb 21 10.112 0.76 Carlsberg Ridge
    2014-09-30T13:46:25.990Z -6.1699 147.6495 62.41 5.1 mb 17 3.25 0.62 53km NNW of Finschhafen, Papua New Guinea
    2014-09-29T13:43:01.660Z 64.5075 -17.315 10 5.6 mww 30 7.307 0.86 105km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-09-29T01:38:08.090Z 41.1965 48.1004 13.23 5.3 mb 19 3.477 1.19 24km ESE of Kurush, Russia
    2014-09-28T08:46:33.950Z -35.6194 -73.2252 20 5.2 mww 56 1.221 0.64 79km WSW of Constitucion, Chile
    2014-09-28T06:23:35.750Z -19.1319 -176.343 10 5.7 mwc 80 5.495 1.02 221km WNW of Pangai, Tonga
    2014-09-27T22:49:04.380Z 36.4532 69.8157 27.99 5 mwr 21 0.907 0.84 13km SSW of Farkhar, Afghanistan
    2014-09-26T20:34:16.030Z -6.5219 146.7932 48.42 5.3 mb 17 2.887 0.84 30km NW of Lae, Papua New Guinea
    2014-09-26T18:29:11.310Z 3.9952 126.7034 55.09 5.1 mb 42 3.252 1.33 207km SE of Sarangani, Philippines
    2014-09-26T16:16:03.080Z 13.7046 124.4449 48.05 5 mb 106 3.429 1 9km ENE of Baras, Philippines
    2014-09-26T04:21:24.080Z 12.5193 95.2254 20.22 5.5 mwc 18 2.574 0.69 285km ENE of Port Blair, India
    2014-09-26T03:55:34.140Z -6.4578 146.7816 10 5.3 mb 17 2.951 0.76 36km NW of Lae, Papua New Guinea
    2014-09-25T19:00:00.300Z -56.023 -27.5968 119.63 5.1 mb 54 5.388 0.57 79km NNW of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-09-25T17:51:17.000Z 61.9449 -151.816 108.9 6.2 ml 1.02 96km WNW of Willow, Alaska
    2014-09-25T10:35:02.520Z 22.7651 121.3705 15.4 5 mb 35 0.273 1.05 23km E of Taitung City, Taiwan
    2014-09-25T09:13:50.000Z -9.4618 156.4122 4 6.1 mww 21 3.488 1.25 157km SSW of Gizo, Solomon Islands
    2014-09-25T08:29:58.390Z 6.0011 95.5588 194.66 5 mb 19 1.58 1.06 28km ENE of Sabang, Indonesia
    2014-09-25T06:16:12.460Z 27.2827 65.7252 30.9 5.1 mb 49 7.579 0.86 103km NNE of Awaran, Pakistan
    2014-09-25T05:00:06.780Z 64.5055 -17.5066 8.9 5.2 mww 62 1.663 0.78 114km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-09-25T02:31:57.680Z 27.3046 65.7506 52 5.4 mww 38 7.609 0.39 100km WSW of Khuzdar, Pakistan
    2014-09-24T13:30:57.020Z 37.5477 141.3659 53.08 5.1 mww 63 0.558 0.83 33km ENE of Namie, Japan
    2014-09-24T12:45:46.920Z 37.5179 141.3349 50.96 5.2 mww 59 0.556 0.68 29km E of Namie, Japan
    2014-09-24T11:16:15.010Z -23.8009 -66.6321 224 6.2 mww 25 2.407 1.19 56km NW of San Antonio de los Cobres, Argentina
    2014-09-24T07:18:04.040Z -59.6813 -26.1793 35 5 mb 73 7.803 0.61 74km SSE of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands
    2014-09-24T06:34:36.480Z -34.3998 -73.5137 10 5 mww 68 1.439 0.69 144km NW of Constitucion, Chile
    2014-09-23T19:18:25.840Z 53.1535 -35.1019 10 5.4 mww 17 9.776 0.66 Reykjanes Ridge
    2014-09-23T15:24:00.530Z -5.3952 151.7372 57.23 5.5 mwc 15 1.269 0.62 129km SSW of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
    2014-09-23T10:22:20.140Z 0.1073 119.9809 69.15 5.3 mwb 43 3.015 1.01 96km SW of Tinabogan, Indonesia
    2014-09-23T04:33:59.300Z 64.8846 -17.5047 8.89 5.1 mb 60 1.641 0.31 93km SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-09-22T18:35:46.670Z -44.4748 -81.8604 10 5.1 mb 75 7.19 1.14 West Chile Rise
    2014-09-22T16:01:42.230Z -56.0228 -27.7792 109.33 5.7 mww 26 5.289 0.6 83km NNW of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-09-22T14:41:22.050Z -40.5096 175.9376 29.79 5.2 mwr 61 0.289 0.86 32km ESE of Palmerston North, New Zealand
    2014-09-21T17:32:05.010Z 27.9401 139.597 491.15 5.5 mww 27 2.447 0.73 275km WNW of Chichi-shima, Japan
    2014-09-21T15:45:20.630Z -26.8901 -114.077 10 5.2 mb 52 4.237 0.63 Easter Island region
    2014-09-21T15:05:27.520Z -35.9505 178.3747 10 5.1 mb 89 2.516 1.06 254km NNE of Whakatane, New Zealand
    2014-09-21T15:02:30.210Z -36.0766 178.0643 10 5.3 mb 75 1.495 1.02 224km ENE of Tairua, New Zealand
    2014-09-21T10:51:47.840Z 64.5212 -17.3866 5 5.4 mww 45 1.712 0.8 109km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-09-21T00:43:40.000Z 38.3508 21.8327 11.4 5 mww 0.76 4km S of Nafpaktos, Greece
    2014-09-20T18:27:13.710Z -0.7667 134.3003 11.84 5.5 mb 16 2.962 0.87 26km ENE of Manokwari, Indonesia
    2014-09-20T05:12:16.610Z 13.9728 -92.4197 48.82 5 mb 67 0.891 1.02 64km SSW of Ocos, Guatemala
    2014-09-20T04:26:11.520Z 6.8639 125.2331 25.69 5.2 mb 44 0.399 0.78 7km NE of Dolo, Philippines
    2014-09-20T03:03:50.000Z 14.64 -93.82 16 5.2 mwb 1.13 132km SW of Mapastepec, Mexico
    2014-09-20T01:10:14.340Z 64.6912 -17.2269 7.64 5 mb 60 1.761 1.05 108km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-09-19T12:55:50.960Z -11.0318 162.0704 10 5.3 mb 43 2.621 0.95 65km SSE of Kirakira, Solomon Islands
    2014-09-19T02:57:35.440Z 4.7109 126.6096 78.3 5.2 mb 49 2.557 1.08 148km ESE of Sarangani, Philippines
    2014-09-18T14:21:48.920Z 64.6984 -17.162 6.89 5.3 mww 74 1.788 1.41 106km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-09-18T13:14:17.530Z 10.7645 -86.1665 45.25 5.1 mb 93 1.168 1.15 62km SSW of San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua
    2014-09-18T04:17:53.240Z 50.5415 150.1349 500 5.5 mwb 32 5.348 0.32 201km NNE of Vostok, Russia
    2014-09-17T23:18:55.450Z 24.8412 125.3514 42.83 5.4 mb 35 2.161 0.56 8km ENE of Hirara, Japan
    2014-09-17T10:36:47.940Z 6.5873 126.8785 66.85 5 mb 96 1.376 0.63 68km ESE of Bobon, Philippines
    2014-09-17T06:14:45.410Z 13.7641 144.4294 130 6.7 mww 11 0.46 0.84 43km NW of Piti Village, Guam
    2014-09-17T06:11:48.530Z -15.9718 167.9896 179.88 5.4 mb 33 0.919 0.71 63km ENE of Lakatoro, Vanuatu
    2014-09-17T02:29:49.240Z -4.6839 102.4717 50.48 5 mb 72 0.579 0.43 100km SSE of Bengkulu, Indonesia
    2014-09-16T21:34:14.480Z 64.6493 -17.4933 5 5.1 mb 45 1.65 0.66 118km SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-09-16T18:39:45.940Z 45.0983 147.0178 39.16 5.2 mb 43 3.308 0.59 69km WSW of Kuril’sk, Russia
    2014-09-16T16:49:35.590Z 7.6763 -82.3235 40.29 5.1 mb 45 2.87 0.78 71km ESE of Punta de Burica, Panama
    2014-09-16T13:00:20.760Z -22.173 -179.56 587.42 5.3 mb 27 4.944 0.84 190km SSW of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    2014-09-16T03:28:30.310Z 36.0873 139.8502 49.94 5.5 mww 32 0.31 0.71 4km ESE of Sakai, Japan
    2014-09-16T02:35:18.460Z -6.308 151.7171 28.07 5.5 mww 19 2.149 0.49 193km ESE of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea
    2014-09-16T01:08:18.240Z -20.9309 -178.905 620.38 5.2 mb 36 4.277 0.56 37km SW of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    2014-09-15T21:09:06.450Z 14.3529 -60.139 5.7 5.2 mww 36 0.746 0.54 78km ESE of Le Vauclin, Martinique
    2014-09-15T18:27:20.610Z 30.4209 -114.275 10 5.4 mww 123 0.789 0.99 85km SE of San Felipe, Mexico
    2014-09-15T09:43:23.110Z 4.2185 125.5535 47.92 5 mb 65 2.832 0.82 131km S of Sarangani, Philippines
    2014-09-15T08:05:02.090Z 64.5728 -17.3974 10 5.5 mww 30 1.699 0.88 111km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-09-14T18:17:35.370Z -21.1109 -173.922 10 5.4 mwb 140 4.264 1.12 109km ENE of `Ohonua, Tonga
    2014-09-14T16:34:22.650Z 1.1309 97.2441 38.59 5.1 mb 23 0.373 0.72 177km SSE of Sinabang, Indonesia
    2014-09-14T04:52:26.940Z 1.1462 97.2556 36.63 5.3 mb 37 0.356 0.62 176km SSE of Sinabang, Indonesia
    2014-09-13T22:31:58.810Z 36.0019 70.6992 94.97 5.2 mww 18 1.125 0.92 7km WSW of `Alaqahdari-ye Kiran wa Munjan, Afghanistan
    2014-09-13T18:22:14.020Z -17.7122 -173.126 11 5.4 mwb 40 3.326 0.99 137km NE of Neiafu, Tonga
    2014-09-13T07:58:17.640Z 64.6764 -17.4362 8.33 5 mb 69 1.672 0.51 116km SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-09-12T15:41:48.210Z -2.9412 129.486 35 5.1 mb 43 2.759 1.09 76km NE of Amahai, Indonesia
    2014-09-12T13:06:33.630Z 8.5661 92.5561 39.08 5 mb 92 3.075 0.93 106km NW of Mohean, India
    2014-09-12T09:25:57.440Z 6.0429 94.4536 69.16 5.3 mb 27 2.61 0.73 97km W of Sabang, Indonesia
    2014-09-12T07:56:53.010Z -2.2095 139.0455 49.09 5 mb 38 6.826 0.52 177km WNW of Abepura, Indonesia
    2014-09-12T07:47:25.490Z 22.1494 143.7737 117.21 5.2 mwb 18 5.132 0.45 213km NNW of Farallon de Pajaros, Northern Mariana Islands
    2014-09-12T04:04:08.180Z -14.3749 167.3461 191.14 5 mb 33 1.074 0.64 58km SSW of Sola, Vanuatu
    2014-09-11T19:57:12.930Z 64.6308 -17.5574 10 5.1 mb 107 1.624 0.89 119km SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-09-11T16:58:12.290Z -15.5849 167.8491 169.93 5.1 mb 70 0.637 0.82 73km E of Luganville, Vanuatu
    2014-09-11T00:07:40.290Z 64.5326 -17.3433 7.56 5.3 mww 45 1.728 0.52 107km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-09-10T18:28:00.180Z 52.1013 178.3045 125.04 5.3 mwb 39 0.185 0.67 21km NW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    2014-09-10T16:31:59.980Z -24.6199 179.15 529.84 5.2 mb 30 5.293 0.8 South of the Fiji Islands
    2014-09-10T14:01:01.350Z -21.4869 169.1452 24.66 5 mb 64 2.577 0.48 130km E of Tadine, New Caledonia
    2014-09-10T09:32:57.880Z -0.297 125.1287 14.74 5.3 mwc 28 2.47 1.08 138km SE of Modayag, Indonesia
    2014-09-10T05:19:24.060Z -0.2002 125.0922 40.82 5.6 mb 26 2.466 1.06 127km SE of Modayag, Indonesia
    2014-09-10T05:16:53.210Z -0.1835 125.1251 30 5.9 mww 23 2.434 1.15 128km SE of Modayag, Indonesia
    2014-09-10T04:29:03.930Z -41.1999 85.4922 10 5 mb 48 24.705 0.34 Southeast Indian Ridge
    2014-09-10T02:46:06.430Z -0.2422 125.104 35 6.2 mww 28 2.463 0.52 132km SE of Modayag, Indonesia
    2014-09-09T18:15:00.010Z -51.3942 138.9332 14.68 5 mb 79 14.582 0.87 Western Indian-Antarctic Ridge
    2014-09-09T09:28:22.190Z 22.1989 93.244 10 5.4 mwb 24 3.585 0.87 42km SE of Saiha, India
    2014-09-09T01:07:29.000Z 64.666 -17.374 7 5.2 mww 0.45 113km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-09-09T00:26:25.320Z 5.0234 120.7759 14.78 5.1 mb 28 2.274 0.63 49km S of Manubul, Philippines
    2014-09-08T17:53:17.560Z -5.399 146.7639 230.2 5.3 mb 10 3.999 0.97 108km E of Madang, Papua New Guinea
    2014-09-07T15:55:49.650Z 4.4551 127.8942 58.44 5.2 mb 55 3.471 0.81 283km SE of Pondaguitan, Philippines
    2014-09-07T11:46:21.560Z 0.8176 146.1553 16 5.1 mb 30 6.376 0.85 Federated States of Micronesia region
    2014-09-07T07:07:59.750Z 64.5442 -17.395 4.98 5.5 mww 19 1.704 0.64 110km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-09-06T19:52:57.240Z -26.6074 -114.721 11.55 5.3 mb 42 34.891 0.67 Easter Island region
    2014-09-06T19:22:59.040Z 18.7529 -107.049 17 6.2 mww 85 5.572 0.81 229km SW of Tomatlan, Mexico
    2014-09-06T08:37:46.040Z -26.7524 -114.503 10 5.1 mb 87 4.628 0.43 Easter Island region
    2014-09-06T07:48:33.650Z -26.7652 -114.472 10 5.9 mww 63 4.599 0.7 Easter Island region
    2014-09-06T07:04:08.070Z -26.7768 -114.592 10 5.1 mb 83 4.705 0.54 Easter Island region
    2014-09-06T06:53:11.760Z -26.6478 -114.5 7 6.1 mww 33 4.637 0.57 Easter Island region
    2014-09-06T06:03:52.890Z -55.2741 -28.17 10 5.1 mb 55 4.916 0.45 169km NNW of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-09-06T00:37:00.910Z -6.2746 105.3513 9.05 5 mb 34 2.313 1 48km NW of Citeureup, Indonesia
    2014-09-05T21:24:38.920Z -26.6626 -114.361 10 5.3 mb 39 4.512 0.63 Easter Island region
    2014-09-05T19:36:31.030Z -26.708 -114.25 14 5.8 mww 35 4.408 0.71 Easter Island region
    2014-09-05T09:19:24.310Z -26.6985 -114.382 10 5.1 mb 39 38.313 0.54 Easter Island region
    2014-09-05T07:21:49.740Z 25.8744 125.2922 68.87 5.1 mb 31 3.546 0.67 119km N of Hirara, Japan
    2014-09-05T01:19:38.760Z 64.6788 -17.2428 10 5.3 mww 20 1.755 0.78 108km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-09-04T21:00:04.300Z 36.21 30.82 46 5.3 mww 0.94 41km SE of Tekirova, Turkey
    2014-09-04T17:23:15.380Z -26.6328 -114.486 10 5.4 mwc 39 37.654 0.56 Easter Island region
    2014-09-04T05:33:50.350Z -21.3869 -173.323 35 6 mww 21 3.93 0.86 168km E of `Ohonua, Tonga
    2014-09-03T23:34:14.060Z 18.8704 -81.339 10 5.2 mww 25 0.464 0.6 46km S of George Town, Cayman Islands
    2014-09-03T20:33:59.310Z -26.6424 -114.739 10 5.9 mww 34 4.851 0.58 Easter Island region
    2014-09-03T20:28:22.410Z -26.6256 -114.812 10 5.2 mb 50 4.917 0.7 Easter Island region
    2014-09-03T15:14:52.670Z -10.9058 162.1057 36.99 5.1 mb 30 2.576 0.93 53km SSE of Kirakira, Solomon Islands
    2014-09-03T13:43:58.310Z 15.1713 122.4347 10 5.2 mb 37 1.797 0.78 47km ENE of Carlagan, Philippines
    2014-09-03T11:34:40.550Z -14.8901 -173.028 10 5.7 mww 27 1.555 0.75 140km NNE of Hihifo, Tonga
    2014-09-03T10:01:05.110Z 18.882 -81.323 10 5.2 mww 24 0.448 0.93 45km S of George Town, Cayman Islands
    2014-09-03T08:13:27.660Z -15.0246 -173.521 10 5.5 mwc 59 2.02 1.14 105km NNE of Hihifo, Tonga
    2014-09-03T07:43:30.800Z -15.0604 -173.38 6 5.8 mww 36 5.181 1.19 106km NNE of Hihifo, Tonga
    2014-09-03T07:24:21.920Z 36.8594 139.4288 29.71 5.2 mb 67 1.03 0.7 20km NW of Nikko, Japan
    2014-09-03T03:09:55.710Z 64.7055 -17.4648 5 5.4 mww 39 1.658 0.81 112km SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-09-02T23:41:30.170Z -11.5502 -112.003 10 5.4 mwb 36 24.117 1.08 Central East Pacific Rise
    2014-09-02T20:00:11.310Z -27.9286 -176.591 44.38 5.2 mb 71 1.762 0.94 195km NE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    2014-09-01T22:55:21.810Z -15.0078 -74.9045 59.67 5.2 mww 82 3.544 0.58 19km SSE of Nazca, Peru
    2014-09-01T18:58:33.910Z -9.3949 106.9751 24.08 5.1 mb 52 1.692 0.98 181km NE of Flying Fish Cove, Christmas Island
    2014-09-01T11:41:09.540Z 64.681 -17.495 0 5.5 mww 49 1.646 0.7 115km SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-09-01T04:24:15.660Z -24.9048 -175.811 10 5.3 mb 76 4.717 0.63 South of Tonga
    2014-09-01T02:49:48.390Z 19.4018 121.6876 57.05 5 mb 67 3.445 0.75 103km NNE of Namuac, Philippines
    2014-08-31T17:54:38.510Z -11.8548 166.6357 122.89 5 mb 101 3.613 0.57 153km SE of Lata, Solomon Islands
    2014-08-31T14:44:34.110Z 33.6233 45.8027 10 5 mb 69 5.18 0.7 26km ESE of Mandali, Iraq
    2014-08-31T12:01:48.010Z 64.6449 -17.4576 11.09 5.1 mb 85 1.665 0.98 116km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-08-31T11:48:24.160Z 36.5605 70.9638 200.45 5.2 mb 17 0.644 1.06 35km SSE of Jarm, Afghanistan
    2014-08-31T10:01:41.150Z 9.1378 -83.9698 55.44 5.1 mwr 50 0.87 1.33 38km SE of Quepos, Costa Rica
    2014-08-31T04:14:05.090Z -53.2257 -32.2439 10 5.1 mb 32 2.733 0.85 South Georgia Island region
    2014-08-31T03:06:57.000Z 65.1507 -149.035 16.5 5.1 ml 0.81 58km NW of Ester, Alaska

     

    August 2014

    time latitude longitude depth mag magType nst gap dmin rms place
    2014-08-31T17:54:38.510Z -11.8548 166.6357 122.89 5 mb 101 3.613 0.57 153km SE of Lata, Solomon Islands
    2014-08-31T14:44:34.250Z 33.6534 45.7891 10 5 mb 70 5.148 0.7 24km ESE of Mandali, Iraq
    2014-08-31T12:01:47.960Z 64.7232 -17.3895 7.45 5.1 mb 96 1.689 0.98 111km SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-08-31T11:48:24.490Z 36.5689 70.9664 200.19 5.1 mb 36 0.637 1.11 34km SSE of Jarm, Afghanistan
    2014-08-31T04:14:05.260Z -53.2268 -32.3276 10 5.1 mb 46 2.687 0.66 299km ENE of Grytviken, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
    2014-08-31T03:18:07.530Z -15.2805 167.3812 145.98 5 mb 56 6.812 0.64 36km NE of Luganville, Vanuatu
    2014-08-31T03:06:57.000Z 65.1507 -149.0351 16.5 5.1 ml 0.81 60km NW of Ester, Alaska
    2014-08-30T15:29:50.220Z 43.7319 -28.5437 10 5.4 mwb 29 5.011 1.06 Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-08-30T07:03:04.140Z 64.5926 -17.4932 6 5.4 mww 30 1.656 0.89 116km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-08-29T21:16:44.580Z -41.8373 84.8699 10 5.5 mwb 57 6.917 1.02 Southeast Indian Ridge
    2014-08-29T13:14:09.200Z -5.6673 153.9918 65.73 5.2 mb 36 2.338 0.81 170km SE of Taron, Papua New Guinea
    2014-08-29T12:21:49.340Z 64.7705 -17.3355 7.49 5.2 mb 73 6.001 1 107km SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-08-29T03:45:07.500Z 36.685 23.706 80 5.8 mww 0.97 59km E of Gefyra, Greece
    2014-08-28T19:14:35.830Z 32.0911 132.1014 22.28 5.8 mwb 38 1.459 1.7 56km E of Takanabe, Japan
    2014-08-28T08:27:45.900Z 14.2489 -91.8113 66.28 5.2 mb 124 0.293 1.2 12km ESE of Champerico, Guatemala
    2014-08-28T08:13:43.740Z 64.6762 -17.239 10 5 mb 77 1.757 1.15 108km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-08-28T06:23:09.230Z -7.4514 128.4721 121.48 5.3 mb 64 5.963 0.88 Kepulauan Barat Daya, Indonesia
    2014-08-27T23:11:35.220Z -15.105 167.3262 118.66 5.8 mb 32 0.36 1.14 30km ESE of Port-Olry, Vanuatu
    2014-08-27T16:31:13.520Z -15.5867 -177.8341 10 5.4 mb 37 4.488 0.57 146km SSE of Sigave, Wallis and Futuna
    2014-08-27T04:48:59.300Z 41.1146 143.1576 28.29 5.4 mb 121 0.899 0.96 150km SSE of Shizunai, Japan
    2014-08-27T02:50:39.600Z 64.6794 -17.0483 5 5.6 mwp 69 6.122 0.76 100km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-08-27T00:16:29.190Z 64.5336 -17.7281 3.7 5.3 mww 40 1.564 0.89 125km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-08-26T09:30:12.630Z -15.2322 -173.1501 10 5.6 mb 48 1.869 1.28 102km NE of Hihifo, Tonga
    2014-08-26T01:26:07.540Z 64.6382 -17.5192 5 5.3 mww 61 1.64 0.46 119km SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-08-25T14:31:36.720Z -16.1982 -73.2015 59.13 5.7 mwb 59 3.482 0.67 70km NW of Camana, Peru
    2014-08-25T01:42:42.630Z -55.9483 -28.0078 103.8 5 mb 59 5.145 0.82 97km NNW of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-08-24T23:21:45.520Z -14.5976 -73.5701 101 6.8 mww 18 4.108 0.9 43km ENE of Tambo, Peru
    2014-08-24T20:39:13.580Z 64.5645 -17.457 7.68 5.3 mww 76 1.675 0.98 113km WNW of Hofn, Iceland
    2014-08-24T20:21:24.770Z -55.3994 -28.4799 16.18 5.5 mb 29 4.762 1.19 165km NNW of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-08-24T19:43:30.750Z 37.683 30.6288 7.4 5.2 mb 1.08 9km ENE of Aglasun, Turkey
    2014-08-24T10:20:44.060Z 38.2155 -122.3116667 11.25 6.02 mw 365 28 0.03629 0.18 6km NW of American Canyon, California
    2014-08-24T02:44:52.100Z 32.682 47.792 19.4 5.2 mb 1.22 48km SE of Abdanan, Iran
    2014-08-24T00:09:53.730Z 64.6624 -17.4539 5 5.3 mb 32 1.665 0.69 117km SSE of Akureyri, Iceland
    2014-08-23T22:32:23.320Z -32.6953 -71.4416 32 6.4 mww 30 0.454 0.88 23km WNW of Hacienda La Calera, Chile
    2014-08-23T20:05:18.700Z 32.716 47.774 19.6 5.1 mwb 0.56 45km SE of Abdanan, Iran
    2014-08-23T04:45:32.620Z -20.1815 -69.0384 100 5.6 mww 39 0.115 0.66 115km E of Iquique, Chile
    2014-08-22T20:06:04.710Z 33.7011 45.7754 19.89 5.1 mwb 47 5.1 0.98 21km ESE of Mandali, Iraq
    2014-08-22T17:39:25.770Z -7.389 154.4573 47.1 5.1 mb 49 3.911 1.07 164km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    2014-08-22T14:29:50.270Z -6.5859 146.8182 10 5.5 mb 16 2.82 1.24 23km NW of Lae, Papua New Guinea
    2014-08-22T04:27:54.000Z 39.935 23.431 13.5 5.2 mww 1.08 12km SW of Polikhronon, Greece
    2014-08-21T09:01:00.460Z -17.6985 -172.9826 10 5 mb 79 21.148 1.41 149km NE of Neiafu, Tonga
    2014-08-21T02:11:31.040Z -5.2854 150.6889 8 5.9 mww 18 1.828 0.52 67km ENE of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea
    2014-08-20T23:18:20.320Z -59.1064 -17.1165 10 5.5 mwb 55 11.675 0.5 East of the South Sandwich Islands
    2014-08-20T20:21:49.610Z 52.4744 175.3703 10 5 mb 95 0.814 1.07 39km WNW of Buldir Island, Alaska
    2014-08-20T20:12:38.830Z 52.5087 175.3552 10 5.5 mwb 29 0.795 0.84 42km WNW of Buldir Island, Alaska
    2014-08-20T19:38:25.080Z 33.2049 138.1302 305.59 5.2 mb 20 1.389 0.77 154km S of Oyama, Japan
    2014-08-20T10:14:15.700Z 32.636 47.736 17.7 5.6 mwb 0.85 44km E of Dehloran, Iran
    2014-08-19T21:32:16.400Z 32.74 47.525 7.8 5.4 mb 0.76 24km ENE of Dehloran, Iran
    2014-08-19T18:19:57.880Z -52.9098 9.812 13.46 5.1 mb 69 22.007 1.09 Southwest of Africa
    2014-08-19T17:12:20.680Z 5.5321 126.3987 61.21 5 mb 58 1.731 0.97 94km ESE of Caburan, Philippines
    2014-08-19T15:38:17.470Z -22.0716 -179.465 601.83 5.2 mb 33 4.896 0.75 176km SSW of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    2014-08-19T13:26:23.410Z 42.9675 145.6438 42.89 5.1 mb 64 2.07 0.69 39km S of Nemuro, Japan
    2014-08-18T18:09:05.550Z 32.5365 47.7673 10 5.1 mb 76 9.203 0.99 50km ESE of Dehloran, Iran
    2014-08-18T18:08:22.720Z 32.5759 47.7015 5 5.8 mww 29 6.862 0.63 42km ESE of Dehloran, Iran
    2014-08-18T15:40:47.180Z -55.3759 -28.0274 35.33 5.1 mb 33 5.012 0.59 156km NNW of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-08-18T11:51:34.150Z 32.6971 47.4979 10 5.8 mb 29 6.669 0.95 21km E of Dehloran, Iran
    2014-08-18T11:23:03.210Z 32.6451 47.6183 10 5.2 mb 47 9.347 1.14 33km E of Dehloran, Iran
    2014-08-18T05:25:51.000Z 32.72 47.69 12 5.6 mwb 1.19 39km E of Dehloran, Iran
    2014-08-18T02:32:05.350Z 32.703 47.695 10.2 6.2 mww 0.46 40km E of Dehloran, Iran
    2014-08-17T16:04:48.690Z -20.7774 68.4277 10 5.2 mb 67 11.861 0.63 Mid-Indian Ridge
    2014-08-17T14:47:20.300Z 32.7 47.64 16 5 mb 0.95 34km E of Dehloran, Iran
    2014-08-17T02:38:26.640Z -7.0659 125.4574 490.4 5.3 mb 22 2.92 0.68 165km N of Dili, East Timor
    2014-08-16T22:07:59.640Z 28.1251 103.5463 10 5 mb 20 3.075 0.69 9km SSW of Xiluodu, China
    2014-08-16T18:23:43.820Z -14.8973 167.3248 131.07 5.1 mb 28 7.184 0.96 34km ENE of Port-Olry, Vanuatu
    2014-08-16T16:39:55.170Z 24.593 94.5693 91.24 5 mb 32 2.644 0.95 51km E of Yairipok, India
    2014-08-16T13:43:39.280Z 6.8083 126.7769 92.27 5 mb 73 1.217 0.97 45km SE of Tarragona, Philippines
    2014-08-15T21:42:29.930Z 42.9785 77.3765 14.93 5 mb 24 0.87 0.9 38km SSE of Talghar, Kazakhstan
    2014-08-14T17:09:46.780Z 27.9639 128.1841 4.97 5.3 mwb 117 1.126 1.17 135km WSW of Naze, Japan
    2014-08-14T00:02:55.000Z -20.158 -70.023 50.9 5.3 mww 0.7 14km ENE of Iquique, Chile
    2014-08-13T13:11:37.490Z -22.2769 170.3705 35 5 mb 85 3.645 0.94 173km W of Ile Hunter, New Caledonia
    2014-08-13T10:07:28.180Z 0.8373 -26.6869 10 5.4 mwb 38 11.334 1.11 Central Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-08-13T08:49:48.260Z 0.9663 146.1993 16.05 5.2 mb 33 6.491 0.66 Federated States of Micronesia region
    2014-08-13T06:48:11.380Z 16.3671 -98.1534 7 5.4 mww 48 1.252 0.99 15km WNW of Santiago Pinotepa Nacional, Mexico
    2014-08-13T05:54:37.730Z -3.4443 145.4341 29.68 5.6 mww 33 4.812 0.64 166km ENE of Angoram, Papua New Guinea
    2014-08-13T00:30:47.200Z 13.9135 144.9818 98 5.6 mww 19 0.34 0.79 35km SW of Rota, Northern Mariana Islands
    2014-08-12T19:58:00.130Z -0.018 -78.3219 11.88 5.1 mb 43 0.284 1.01 22km WSW of Cayambe, Ecuador
    2014-08-12T16:17:23.260Z -16.9466 -173.0504 51.62 5 mb 76 21.753 0.67 133km SE of Hihifo, Tonga
    2014-08-12T16:16:02.210Z -16.9554 -172.8584 10 5 mb 69 11.408 0.64 146km SE of Hihifo, Tonga
    2014-08-12T01:28:31.200Z -3.6754 151.2679 398.79 5.1 mb 39 1.03 0.35 115km WNW of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea
    2014-08-11T13:32:20.240Z -41.3326 -84.9562 10 5.5 mww 138 10.297 0.78 West Chile Rise
    2014-08-11T11:09:08.240Z -17.7176 -172.8424 49.67 5 mb 50 8.676 0.84 158km NE of Neiafu, Tonga
    2014-08-11T10:07:33.340Z -29.9735 -176.0965 10 5.5 mwc 63 1.753 1 191km ESE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    2014-08-11T04:49:07.270Z -23.9047 -66.7371 197.09 5 mww 34 2.377 0.8 54km NW of San Antonio de los Cobres, Argentina
    2014-08-10T22:39:37.460Z 27.8239 142.8172 30.67 5.1 mb 26 0.917 0.59 101km NE of Chichi-shima, Japan
    2014-08-10T18:46:17.750Z 27.6434 -111.6031 10 5.5 mww 79 0.652 1.45 76km WSW of Guaymas, Mexico
    2014-08-10T18:27:38.570Z 51.191 -172.752 21.9 5 mb 1.42 150km SE of Atka, Alaska
    2014-08-10T13:33:21.030Z 5.8688 127.1348 78 5.6 mwb 27 1.952 0.75 119km ESE of Pondaguitan, Philippines
    2014-08-10T12:12:24.760Z 0.7488 -26.0449 10 5 mb 48 11.812 0.62 Central Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    2014-08-10T03:43:17.240Z 41.1585 142.1309 41 6.1 mww 24 2.978 0.7 78km E of Mutsu, Japan
    2014-08-09T04:04:48.090Z -8.427 159.9907 61.64 5 mb 77 1.006 0.35 53km SE of Buala, Solomon Islands
    2014-08-09T02:28:43.810Z 27.7791 142.8848 9.65 5 mb 22 0.922 0.76 101km NE of Chichi-shima, Japan
    2014-08-08T16:44:39.020Z -14.875 166.7684 42.3 5.3 mb 43 7.164 0.94 35km WNW of Port-Olry, Vanuatu
    2014-08-08T14:03:47.430Z 5.0209 127.5327 122.95 5.1 mb 57 2.813 1.19 210km SE of Pondaguitan, Philippines
    2014-08-08T04:10:15.000Z -33.777 -72.203 16.5 5.2 mww 0.91 57km WSW of San Antonio, Chile
    2014-08-07T05:24:54.520Z 4.5489 126.5058 79.83 5.1 mb 51 2.668 1.03 149km SE of Sarangani, Philippines
    2014-08-06T20:35:33.260Z -6.2225 150.8478 56.44 5.1 mb 33 2.406 0.64 107km SE of Kimbe, Papua New Guinea
    2014-08-06T11:45:22.680Z -7.2741 128.0364 10 6.2 mww 16 3.309 0.89 Kepulauan Barat Daya, Indonesia
    2014-08-05T18:18:34.120Z -8.8652 160.5206 65.48 5 mb 44 0.803 1.11 22km WSW of Auki, Solomon Islands
    2014-08-05T10:22:33.970Z -26.9884 26.706 5 5.4 mwb 26 2.067 1.04 3km ESE of Orkney, South Africa
    2014-08-04T16:50:06.620Z -30.4013 -177.2148 10 5.1 mb 57 1.308 0.68 142km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    2014-08-04T12:09:47.510Z 0.156 98.6285 56.04 5 mb 90 1.552 0.61 146km NNW of Sikabaluan, Indonesia
    2014-08-04T10:36:09.830Z 5.3986 94.6532 56.96 5.3 mb 31 2.29 0.88 76km WSW of Banda Aceh, Indonesia
    2014-08-04T09:40:19.830Z 0.8208 146.2356 10 5.2 mb 27 6.446 0.6 Federated States of Micronesia region
    2014-08-04T03:20:09.480Z -6.9179 -81.6067 23.29 5.3 mwb 59 3.195 0.66 173km SSW of Sechura, Peru
    2014-08-03T21:02:39.950Z -3.9248 -80.9204 16.03 5.4 mwb 53 8.969 0.64 24km NE of Mancora, Peru
    2014-08-03T10:44:37.260Z -10.8852 161.9918 10 5.1 mb 28 2.473 1.35 48km S of Kirakira, Solomon Islands
    2014-08-03T09:38:06.800Z 3.5848 -77.6941 62.43 5 mwr 55 3.589 0.96 77km W of Buenaventura, Colombia
    2014-08-03T08:30:13.570Z 27.1891 103.4086 12 6.2 mww 13 2.143 1 11km W of Wenping, China
    2014-08-03T07:29:59.300Z -55.5532 -28.3484 10 5 mb 45 4.865 0.55 146km NNW of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-08-03T05:57:30.560Z 29.2757 85.4967 10 5.2 mb 38 4.926 0.61 26km ESE of Saga, China
    2014-08-03T04:48:49.820Z -3.3649 146.4927 39.2 5 mb 47 5.717 0.9 171km SSW of Lorengau, Papua New Guinea
    2014-08-03T04:06:03.740Z 28.0487 128.0642 10 5.7 mww 23 1.222 0.89 143km WSW of Naze, Japan
    2014-08-03T00:26:41.860Z 0.9871 146.2597 14.87 5.7 mb 22 6.553 0.76 Federated States of Micronesia region
    2014-08-03T00:22:03.680Z 0.8295 146.1688 13 6.9 mww 12 6.393 0.93 Federated States of Micronesia region
    2014-08-02T14:02:18.760Z -55.4278 -28.3088 7.24 5.6 mwb 46 4.863 0.93 157km NNW of Visokoi Island, 
    2014-08-02T10:33:26.440Z -9.1421 67.337 10 5.5 mwb 55 5.296 0.87 Mid-Indian Ridge
    2014-08-01T13:12:56.140Z 17.506 146.5315 108.69 5 mb 38 0.951 1.04 104km SE of Pagan, Northern Mariana Islands
    2014-08-01T13:01:47.930Z -17.5635 -173.6468 10 5.1 mb 63 3.84 1.45 125km NNE of Neiafu, Tonga
    2014-08-01T04:11:16.530Z 36.8585 3.1815 10 5.5 mww 36 2.607 0.89 11km NW of Ain Taya, Algeria

     

    July 2014

    5.4 – 137km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Thursday, July 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 31, 2014 05:38:47 PM
    Location (click for map) -55.5164°, -27.8076°
    Depth 36.57km | 22.72mi
    Region 137km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 67, dmin 5.16, rms 0.66

    5.1 – 284km ENE of Port Blair, India

    Thursday, July 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 31, 2014 05:33:30 PM
    Location (click for map) 12.495°, 95.2281°
    Depth 15.14km | 9.41mi
    Region 284km ENE of Port Blair, India
    Parameters nst, gap 85, dmin 2.569, rms 1

    5 – 149km N of Visokoi Island,

    Thursday, July 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 31, 2014 03:56:28 PM
    Location (click for map) -55.3648°, -27.4746°
    Depth 4.05km | 2.52mi
    Region 149km N of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 58, dmin 5.323, rms 0.61

    5.8 – 284km ENE of Port Blair, India

    Thursday, July 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 31, 2014 01:41:01 PM
    Location (click for map) 12.4315°, 95.2411°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 284km ENE of Port Blair, India
    Parameters nst, gap 54, dmin 2.561, rms 0.91

    5.2 – 283km SSW of `Ohonua, Tonga

    Thursday, July 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 31, 2014 12:17:52 AM
    Location (click for map) -23.5602°, -176.318°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 283km SSW of `Ohonua, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 30, dmin 5.842, rms 1.16

    5.7 – 119km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Wednesday, July 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mwb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 30, 2014 04:00:58 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.1854°, 154.8418°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 119km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 31, dmin 3.993, rms 0.95

    5.5 – Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Wednesday, July 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 30, 2014 02:24:26 AM
    Location (click for map) -19.088°, -12.2886°
    Depth 9.1km | 5.65mi
    Region Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 36, dmin 26.507, rms 0.66

    5.3 – 50km WSW of Kish, Iran

    Wednesday, July 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mwb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 30, 2014 01:32:09 AM
    Location (click for map) 26.3987°, 53.5498°
    Depth 5.22km | 3.24mi
    Region 50km WSW of Kish, Iran
    Parameters nst, gap 35, dmin 2.798, rms 0.79

    5.1 – Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Tuesday, July 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 29, 2014 10:04:44 PM
    Location (click for map) 35.4369°, -36.4054°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 81, dmin 7.297, rms 0.74

    5 – 39km SW of Kirakira, Solomon Islands

    Tuesday, July 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 29, 2014 06:04:54 PM
    Location (click for map) -10.734°, 161.6955°
    Depth 50.95km | 31.66mi
    Region 39km SW of Kirakira, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 2.149, rms 0.99

    5.1 – 297km SSW of Vaini, Tonga

    Tuesday, July 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 29, 2014 04:50:13 PM
    Location (click for map) -23.5817°, -176.529°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 297km SSW of Vaini, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 82, dmin 5.778, rms 0.86

    5.8 – 172km SSW of Lorengau, Papua New Guinea

    Tuesday, July 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 29, 2014 01:27:40 PM
    Location (click for map) -3.4687°, 146.678°
    Depth 6.93km | 4.31mi
    Region 172km SSW of Lorengau, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 20, dmin 5.52, rms 1.2

    6.3 – 19km SW of Juan Rodriguez Clara, Mexico

    Tuesday, July 29, 2014

    Magnitude 6.3 (mwp)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 29, 2014 10:46:15 AM
    Location (click for map) 17.8419°, -95.5243°
    Depth 95.1km | 59.09mi
    Region 19km SW of Juan Rodriguez Clara, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 46, dmin 2.913, rms 1.12

    5.1 – South Indian Ocean

    Tuesday, July 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 29, 2014 07:16:41 AM
    Location (click for map) -10.2353°, 87.7034°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region South Indian Ocean
    Parameters nst, gap 74, dmin 9.166, rms 1.12

    5.5 – Andaman Islands, India region

    Tuesday, July 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 29, 2014 07:07:07 AM
    Location (click for map) 14.41°, 93.0732°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Andaman Islands, India region
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 2.756, rms 1.5

    5.4 – 7km SSE of Mazatan, Mexico

    Tuesday, July 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 29, 2014 03:33:01 AM
    Location (click for map) 14.806°, -92.4172°
    Depth 82.52km | 51.28mi
    Region 7km SSE of Mazatan, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 124, dmin 0.753, rms 1.31

    5.8 – 70km SSW of Ialibu, Papua New Guinea

    Monday, July 28, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, July 28, 2014 11:00:48 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.9048°, 143.8461°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 70km SSW of Ialibu, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 16, dmin 4.114, rms 0.95

    5.4 – 125km SW of Ngulu, Micronesia

    Monday, July 28, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, July 28, 2014 03:36:47 AM
    Location (click for map) 7.5958°, 136.7312°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 125km SW of Ngulu, Micronesia
    Parameters nst, gap 74, dmin 9.97, rms 0.94

    5.1 – South of the Fiji Islands

    Sunday, July 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 27, 2014 04:02:11 AM
    Location (click for map) -24.7656°, -177.3758°
    Depth 166.91km | 103.71mi
    Region South of the Fiji Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 97, dmin 4.488, rms 0.95

    6 – Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Sunday, July 27, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mwb)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 27, 2014 01:28:38 AM
    Location (click for map) 23.7611°, -45.6459°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 60, dmin 16.888, rms 1.18

    5.1 – Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Saturday, July 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, July 26, 2014 05:11:16 PM
    Location (click for map) -21.1784°, -15.1902°
    Depth 14.74km | 9.16mi
    Region Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 32, dmin 29.476, rms 0.5

    5.4 – East of the South Sandwich Islands

    Saturday, July 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, July 26, 2014 11:13:48 AM
    Location (click for map) -60.0598°, -18.7605°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region East of the South Sandwich Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 74, dmin 11.208, rms 1.02

    5.1 – East of the South Sandwich Islands

    Saturday, July 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, July 26, 2014 10:59:29 AM
    Location (click for map) -60.1206°, -18.6004°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region East of the South Sandwich Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 76, dmin 11.306, rms 0.67

    5.1 – 56km ESE of Shikotan, Russia

    Friday, July 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 25, 2014 11:22:10 PM
    Location (click for map) 43.5234°, 147.3025°
    Depth 51.69km | 32.12mi
    Region 56km ESE of Shikotan, Russia
    Parameters nst, gap 126, dmin 3.403, rms 0.81

    5 – 28km SSW of Agrihan, Northern Mariana Islands

    Friday, July 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 25, 2014 11:22:09 PM
    Location (click for map) 18.5277°, 145.5776°
    Depth 183.59km | 114.08mi
    Region 28km SSW of Agrihan, Northern Mariana Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 80, dmin 0.474, rms 0.81

    5 – 236km NE of Chichi-shima, Japan

    Friday, July 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 25, 2014 05:05:46 PM
    Location (click for map) 28.7894°, 143.6604°
    Depth 34.21km | 21.26mi
    Region 236km NE of Chichi-shima, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 41, dmin 2.133, rms 0.72

    5.9 – 81km W of Gustavus, Alaska

    Friday, July 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mwp)
    Date and Time Friday, July 25, 2014 10:54:49 AM
    Location (click for map) 58.358°, -137.1301°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 81km W of Gustavus, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 56, dmin 1.215, rms 1.11

    5.1 – South of Tonga

    Friday, July 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 25, 2014 08:32:37 AM
    Location (click for map) -25.4776°, -175.0282°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region South of Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 52, dmin 4.553, rms 1.19

    5.1 – 76km ENE of Mutsu, Japan

    Friday, July 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 25, 2014 04:18:17 AM
    Location (click for map) 41.5893°, 142.0446°
    Depth 69.71km | 43.32mi
    Region 76km ENE of Mutsu, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 116, dmin 0.934, rms 0.74

    5.3 – 6km NNE of Hinundayan, Philippines

    Thursday, July 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 24, 2014 11:57:28 PM
    Location (click for map) 10.4125°, 125.2667°
    Depth 37.99km | 23.61mi
    Region 6km NNE of Hinundayan, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 87, dmin 3.335, rms 0.97

    5.4 – 52km N of Goroka, Papua New Guinea

    Thursday, July 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 24, 2014 05:10:20 PM
    Location (click for map) -5.6091°, 145.3914°
    Depth 75.18km | 46.71mi
    Region 52km N of Goroka, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 32, dmin 4.158, rms 1.07

    5 – 100km S of Ngulung Wetan, Indonesia

    Thursday, July 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 24, 2014 08:41:06 AM
    Location (click for map) -9.2046°, 111.5343°
    Depth 36.44km | 22.64mi
    Region 100km S of Ngulung Wetan, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 89, dmin 1.627, rms 0.99

    5.5 – 150km E of Iquique, Chile

    Wednesday, July 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 23, 2014 09:39:08 PM
    Location (click for map) -20.2438°, -68.702°
    Depth 114.98km | 71.45mi
    Region 150km E of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 34, dmin 0.436, rms 1.2

    5 – Carlsberg Ridge

    Wednesday, July 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 23, 2014 05:52:28 AM
    Location (click for map) 0.3888°, 67.1053°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Carlsberg Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 131, dmin 12.657, rms 0.76

    5 – 20km SW of Coyuca de Benitez, Mexico

    Wednesday, July 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 23, 2014 12:28:19 AM
    Location (click for map) 16.905°, -100.2033°
    Depth 36.05km | 22.4mi
    Region 20km SW of Coyuca de Benitez, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 151, dmin 1.695, rms 0.8

    5 – 113km E of Ndoi Island, Fiji

    Wednesday, July 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 23, 2014 12:27:01 AM
    Location (click for map) -20.5949°, -177.6158°
    Depth 472.67km | 293.7mi
    Region 113km E of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    Parameters nst, gap 87, dmin 4.979, rms 0.84

    5.1 – 49km NNE of Minab, Iran

    Tuesday, July 22, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 22, 2014 03:22:38 PM
    Location (click for map) 27.5361°, 57.3325°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 49km NNE of Minab, Iran
    Parameters nst, gap 76, dmin 2.771, rms 0.65

    5 – 137km NW of Nuku`alofa, Tonga

    Tuesday, July 22, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 22, 2014 02:11:15 PM
    Location (click for map) -20.2979°, -176.1736°
    Depth 208.16km | 129.34mi
    Region 137km NW of Nuku`alofa, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 31, dmin 6.009, rms 0.84

    5 – 287km WSW of Merizo Village, Guam

    Tuesday, July 22, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 22, 2014 10:49:56 AM
    Location (click for map) 12.0007°, 142.3571°
    Depth 59.89km | 37.21mi
    Region 287km WSW of Merizo Village, Guam
    Parameters nst, gap 53, dmin 2.914, rms 0.84

    6.9 – 94km NNE of Ndoi Island, Fiji

    Monday, July 21, 2014

    Magnitude 6.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, July 21, 2014 02:54:41 PM
    Location (click for map) -19.8294°, -178.4637°
    Depth 616.44km | 383.04mi
    Region 94km NNE of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    Parameters nst, gap 15, dmin 3.897, rms 0.88

    6.2 – 98km SE of Kuril’sk, Russia

    Sunday, July 20, 2014

    Magnitude 6.2 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 20, 2014 06:32:48 PM
    Location (click for map) 44.5985°, 148.748°
    Depth 70km | 43.5mi
    Region 98km SE of Kuril’sk, Russia
    Parameters nst, gap 31, dmin 4.44, rms 1.14

    5.1 – 7km W of Mazatan, Mexico

    Sunday, July 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 20, 2014 09:23:29 AM
    Location (click for map) 14.8647°, -92.5238°
    Depth 79.13km | 49.17mi
    Region 7km W of Mazatan, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 62, dmin 0.87, rms 1.29

    5.5 – 90km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Sunday, July 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 20, 2014 04:18:47 AM
    Location (click for map) -29.9099°, -177.3325°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 90km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 58, dmin 0.842, rms 1.17

    6 – Owen Fracture Zone region

    Saturday, July 19, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mwb)
    Date and Time Saturday, July 19, 2014 02:14:01 PM
    Location (click for map) 11.7515°, 57.5626°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Owen Fracture Zone region
    Parameters nst, gap 51, dmin 3.578, rms 1.39

    6 – 72km WNW of Hihifo, Tonga

    Saturday, July 19, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mwp)
    Date and Time Saturday, July 19, 2014 12:27:09 PM
    Location (click for map) -15.7992°, -174.4044°
    Depth 219.83km | 136.6mi
    Region 72km WNW of Hihifo, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 3.159, rms 1.04

    5.2 – 23km E of Jarm, Afghanistan

    Saturday, July 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mwb)
    Date and Time Saturday, July 19, 2014 07:17:56 AM
    Location (click for map) 36.8785°, 71.0988°
    Depth 83.67km | 51.99mi
    Region 23km E of Jarm, Afghanistan
    Parameters nst, gap 21, dmin 0.485, rms 1.34

    5.1 – 159km WSW of L’Esperance Rock, New Zealand

    Saturday, July 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, July 19, 2014 06:15:24 AM
    Location (click for map) -31.7777°, 179.4668°
    Depth 439.67km | 273.2mi
    Region 159km WSW of L’Esperance Rock, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 53, dmin 3.379, rms 1.19

    5.1 – 116km SSW of Isangel, Vanuatu

    Friday, July 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 18, 2014 06:44:26 PM
    Location (click for map) -20.4783°, 168.743°
    Depth 20.36km | 12.65mi
    Region 116km SSW of Isangel, Vanuatu
    Parameters nst, gap 88, dmin 2.666, rms 0.95

    5.4 – South of the Kermadec Islands

    Friday, July 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 18, 2014 06:23:07 PM
    Location (click for map) -34.6268°, -179.5898°
    Depth 43.47km | 27.01mi
    Region South of the Kermadec Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 24, dmin 3.388, rms 0.94

    5.2 – 112km E of Lakatoro, Vanuatu

    Friday, July 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 18, 2014 08:58:34 AM
    Location (click for map) -16.2047°, 168.4613°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 112km E of Lakatoro, Vanuatu
    Parameters nst, gap 55, dmin 1.426, rms 1.04

    5 – 76km W of Iquique, Chile

    Friday, July 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, July 18, 2014 05:24:10 AM
    Location (click for map) -20.1536°, -70.8707°
    Depth 14.81km | 9.2mi
    Region 76km W of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 96, dmin 0.766, rms 1.25

    5 – 237km ENE of Kuril’sk, Russia

    Thursday, July 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 17, 2014 10:32:49 PM
    Location (click for map) 46.217°, 150.587°
    Depth 123.68km | 76.85mi
    Region 237km ENE of Kuril’sk, Russia
    Parameters nst, gap 125, dmin 5.446, rms 1.39

    5.1 – 125km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Thursday, July 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 17, 2014 06:08:38 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.1094°, 154.3655°
    Depth 57.78km | 35.9mi
    Region 125km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 20, dmin 6.444, rms 0.97

    5.2 – 140km SSW of Abepura, Indonesia

    Thursday, July 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 17, 2014 01:55:55 PM
    Location (click for map) -3.7955°, 140.0677°
    Depth 56.43km | 35.06mi
    Region 140km SSW of Abepura, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 45, dmin 7.853, rms 1.19

    6 – 93km NNW of Yakutat, Alaska

    Thursday, July 17, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 17, 2014 11:49:33 AM
    Location (click for map) 60.3491°, -140.3333°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 93km NNW of Yakutat, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 1.15

    5.1 – 78km E of Hengchun, Taiwan

    Thursday, July 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 17, 2014 06:11:51 AM
    Location (click for map) 22.098°, 121.4944°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 78km E of Hengchun, Taiwan
    Parameters nst, gap 95, dmin 0.812, rms 0.96

    5.2 – 118km SE of Honiara, Solomon Islands

    Wednesday, July 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mwb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 16, 2014 06:24:18 PM
    Location (click for map) -10.0322°, 160.8468°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 118km SE of Honiara, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 59, dmin 1.064, rms 0.65

    5.2 – 114km SE of Honiara, Solomon Islands

    Wednesday, July 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mwb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 16, 2014 04:56:10 PM
    Location (click for map) -10.0363°, 160.7982°
    Depth 19.89km | 12.36mi
    Region 114km SE of Honiara, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 40, dmin 1.027, rms 0.82

    5.3 – 88km SSW of Vaini, Tonga

    Wednesday, July 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 16, 2014 10:58:27 AM
    Location (click for map) -21.9344°, -175.543°
    Depth 23.78km | 14.78mi
    Region 88km SSW of Vaini, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 43, dmin 7.327, rms 0.78

    5.1 – 112km SSW of Isangel, Vanuatu

    Wednesday, July 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 16, 2014 04:24:08 AM
    Location (click for map) -20.4935°, 168.8634°
    Depth 9.28km | 5.77mi
    Region 112km SSW of Isangel, Vanuatu
    Parameters nst, gap 105, dmin 2.749, rms 1.36

    5 – 84km E of Nikolski, Alaska

    Tuesday, July 15, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 15, 2014 10:13:20 PM
    Location (click for map) 53.0326°, -167.616°
    Depth 49.62km | 30.83mi
    Region 84km E of Nikolski, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 134, dmin 1.051, rms 0.92

    5.6 – 93km W of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea

    Tuesday, July 15, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mwb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 15, 2014 04:39:00 PM
    Location (click for map) -4.181°, 151.326°
    Depth 1.95km | 1.21mi
    Region 93km W of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 34, dmin 0.835, rms 0.75

    5 – 202km N of Chichi-shima, Japan

    Tuesday, July 15, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 15, 2014 03:23:43 PM
    Location (click for map) 28.9113°, 142.1305°
    Depth 6.63km | 4.12mi
    Region 202km N of Chichi-shima, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 127, dmin 1.809, rms 0.62

    5.8 – 89km W of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea

    Tuesday, July 15, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 15, 2014 10:30:29 AM
    Location (click for map) -4.1442°, 151.3714°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 89km W of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 35, dmin 0.791, rms 1.06

    5.5 – 90km W of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea

    Tuesday, July 15, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 15, 2014 09:44:58 AM
    Location (click for map) -4.1191°, 151.3631°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 90km W of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 35, dmin 0.801, rms 0.95

    5.5 – 162km SSW of Camana, Peru

    Monday, July 14, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, July 14, 2014 11:24:39 AM
    Location (click for map) -17.9189°, -73.4211°
    Depth 33.16km | 20.6mi
    Region 162km SSW of Camana, Peru
    Parameters nst, gap 138, dmin 2.962, rms 1.11

    6.3 – 86km SSE of Pondaguitan, Philippines

    Monday, July 14, 2014

    Magnitude 6.3 (mwc)
    Date and Time Monday, July 14, 2014 08:00:00 AM
    Location (click for map) 5.6813°, 126.5698°
    Depth 44.94km | 27.92mi
    Region 86km SSE of Pondaguitan, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 51, dmin 1.694, rms 1.4

    5.2 – Easter Island region

    Monday, July 14, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, July 14, 2014 05:44:15 AM
    Location (click for map) -26.7069°, -114.3148°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Easter Island region
    Parameters nst, gap 176, dmin 38.249, rms 1.16

    5.7 – 73km SSW of Ngulung Wetan, Indonesia

    Monday, July 14, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, July 14, 2014 05:05:04 AM
    Location (click for map) -8.9094°, 111.2476°
    Depth 59.49km | 36.97mi
    Region 73km SSW of Ngulung Wetan, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 25, dmin 1.222, rms 1.4

    5.5 – 22km W of Iquique, Chile

    Sunday, July 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 13, 2014 08:54:14 PM
    Location (click for map) -20.2548°, -70.3511°
    Depth 32.53km | 20.21mi
    Region 22km W of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 89, dmin 0.348, rms 1.23

    5.6 – 109km W of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea

    Sunday, July 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 13, 2014 08:00:40 PM
    Location (click for map) -4.1389°, 151.1908°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 109km W of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 59, dmin 6.586, rms 1.02

    5 – 25km S of Khulm, Afghanistan

    Sunday, July 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 13, 2014 04:23:43 PM
    Location (click for map) 36.4691°, 67.6578°
    Depth 26.13km | 16.24mi
    Region 25km S of Khulm, Afghanistan
    Parameters nst, gap 68, dmin 2.231, rms 0.8

    5.3 – 27km ESE of Monte Patria, Chile

    Sunday, July 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 13, 2014 07:18:26 AM
    Location (click for map) -30.7477°, -70.6701°
    Depth 86.19km | 53.56mi
    Region 27km ESE of Monte Patria, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 75, dmin 0.092, rms 0.72

    5 – 10km N of Quilpue, Chile

    Sunday, July 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 13, 2014 03:16:50 AM
    Location (click for map) -32.9509°, -71.4655°
    Depth 44.03km | 27.36mi
    Region 10km N of Quilpue, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 64, dmin 0.379, rms 0.89

    5.2 – 162km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Saturday, July 12, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, July 12, 2014 06:20:39 PM
    Location (click for map) -55.2942°, -27.8737°
    Depth 26.72km | 16.6mi
    Region 162km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 79, dmin 5.087, rms 0.79

    5.5 – 154km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Saturday, July 12, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mwb)
    Date and Time Saturday, July 12, 2014 05:49:17 PM
    Location (click for map) -55.3848°, -28.008°
    Depth 5.47km | 3.4mi
    Region 154km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 5.025, rms 0.73

    6.5 – 139km ESE of Namie, Japan

    Friday, July 11, 2014

    Magnitude 6.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, July 11, 2014 07:21:59 PM
    Location (click for map) 37.0126°, 142.4601°
    Depth 14.06km | 8.74mi
    Region 139km ESE of Namie, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 9, dmin 2.431, rms 0.77

    5.3 – 174km NNE of Hirara, Japan

    Friday, July 11, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 11, 2014 01:11:46 PM
    Location (click for map) 26.2993°, 125.8006°
    Depth 117.45km | 72.98mi
    Region 174km NNE of Hirara, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 33, dmin 2.277, rms 1.11

    5 – 86km SSW of Chirovanga, Solomon Islands

    Thursday, July 10, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 10, 2014 07:24:44 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.3584°, 156.2367°
    Depth 59.8km | 37.16mi
    Region 86km SSW of Chirovanga, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 42, dmin 4.213, rms 0.58

    5.2 – 127km W of Pangai, Tonga

    Thursday, July 10, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 10, 2014 07:16:19 AM
    Location (click for map) -19.9726°, -175.552°
    Depth 235.31km | 146.21mi
    Region 127km W of Pangai, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 39, dmin 5.379, rms 1.25

    5.5 – Balleny Islands region

    Wednesday, July 9, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 9, 2014 05:58:11 PM
    Location (click for map) -62.1065°, 164.8985°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Balleny Islands region
    Parameters nst, gap 102, dmin 8.242, rms 0.88

    5.1 – 106km WSW of Pasirnangka, Indonesia

    Wednesday, July 9, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 9, 2014 12:01:30 AM
    Location (click for map) -7.0787°, 104.708°
    Depth 22.63km | 14.06mi
    Region 106km WSW of Pasirnangka, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 74, dmin 3.118, rms 1.1

    5 – 129km NE of Shache, China

    Tuesday, July 8, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 8, 2014 09:52:49 PM
    Location (click for map) 39.326°, 78.1684°
    Depth 15.51km | 9.64mi
    Region 129km NE of Shache, China
    Parameters nst, gap 66, dmin 3.145, rms 1.03

    5.4 – 43km NW of Wewak, Papua New Guinea

    Tuesday, July 8, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 8, 2014 08:10:00 PM
    Location (click for map) -3.3235°, 143.3083°
    Depth 16.72km | 10.39mi
    Region 43km NW of Wewak, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 15, dmin 7.151, rms 0.93

    6.3 – 13km NNE of Port-Vila, Vanuatu

    Tuesday, July 8, 2014

    Magnitude 6.3 (mwp)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 8, 2014 12:56:26 PM
    Location (click for map) -17.6169°, 168.359°
    Depth 114km | 70.84mi
    Region 13km NNE of Port-Vila, Vanuatu
    Parameters nst, gap 56, dmin 2.425, rms 0.88

    5.5 – 15km NNE of Shiraoi, Japan

    Tuesday, July 8, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mwb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 8, 2014 09:05:23 AM
    Location (click for map) 42.681°, 141.4113°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 15km NNE of Shiraoi, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 59, dmin 1.455, rms 1.39

    5 – 181km WNW of Saumlaki, Indonesia

    Tuesday, July 8, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 8, 2014 01:23:23 AM
    Location (click for map) -7.0692°, 129.9335°
    Depth 132.27km | 82.19mi
    Region 181km WNW of Saumlaki, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 70, dmin 1.629, rms 1.26

    5 – 105km SE of Hualian, Taiwan

    Monday, July 7, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, July 7, 2014 11:06:05 PM
    Location (click for map) 23.3369°, 122.3741°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 105km SE of Hualian, Taiwan
    Parameters nst, gap 107, dmin 0.991, rms 0.84

    5 – 128km WNW of Tual, Indonesia

    Monday, July 7, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, July 7, 2014 06:04:35 PM
    Location (click for map) -5.2099°, 131.6832°
    Depth 59.68km | 37.08mi
    Region 128km WNW of Tual, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 56, dmin 2.344, rms 0.77

    6.9 – 2km NNE of Puerto Madero, Mexico

    Monday, July 7, 2014

    Magnitude 6.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, July 7, 2014 11:23:55 AM
    Location (click for map) 14.7418°, -92.4089°
    Depth 60km | 37.28mi
    Region 2km NNE of Puerto Madero, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 30, dmin 0.724, rms 1.16

    5.2 – 169km NE of Palue, Indonesia

    Monday, July 7, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, July 7, 2014 09:15:28 AM
    Location (click for map) -7.3184°, 123.7245°
    Depth 551.58km | 342.74mi
    Region 169km NE of Palue, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 30, dmin 1.97, rms 0.98

    5 – 129km NE of Ndoi Island, Fiji

    Sunday, July 6, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 6, 2014 03:37:43 PM
    Location (click for map) -19.8962°, -177.7461°
    Depth 552.73km | 343.45mi
    Region 129km NE of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    Parameters nst, gap 75, dmin 4.517, rms 0.61

    5 – 10km SSW of Canas, Costa Rica

    Sunday, July 6, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mwr)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 6, 2014 11:42:45 AM
    Location (click for map) 10.3339°, -85.1155°
    Depth 68.75km | 42.72mi
    Region 10km SSW of Canas, Costa Rica
    Parameters nst, gap 68, dmin 0.166, rms 1.42

    5.1 – 7km SE of Layo, Peru

    Sunday, July 6, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, July 6, 2014 03:08:46 AM
    Location (click for map) -14.5375°, -71.1073°
    Depth 67.36km | 41.86mi
    Region 7km SE of Layo, Peru
    Parameters nst, gap 77, dmin 3.357, rms 1.07

    6 – 88km SE of Sinabang, Indonesia

    Saturday, July 5, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mwb)
    Date and Time Saturday, July 5, 2014 09:39:30 AM
    Location (click for map) 1.9946°, 97.0151°
    Depth 30km | 18.64mi
    Region 88km SE of Sinabang, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 38, dmin 0.885, rms 0.92

    5 – 126km S of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Saturday, July 5, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, July 5, 2014 01:18:08 AM
    Location (click for map) -30.4046°, -177.9441°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 126km S of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 55, dmin 1.155, rms 0.96

    5.7 – 8km ENE of Miyako, Japan

    Friday, July 4, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, July 4, 2014 10:42:04 PM
    Location (click for map) 39.6629°, 142.0435°
    Depth 47.97km | 29.81mi
    Region 8km ENE of Miyako, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 17, dmin 2.497, rms 0.68

    5.4 – Azores Islands region

    Friday, July 4, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 4, 2014 09:08:45 PM
    Location (click for map) 35.078°, -34.904°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Azores Islands region
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 6.454, rms 0.67

    6.6 – 193km S of Taron, Papua New Guinea

    Friday, July 4, 2014

    Magnitude 6.6 (mwp)
    Date and Time Friday, July 4, 2014 03:00:26 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.2049°, 152.8208°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 193km S of Taron, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 19, dmin 2.104, rms 0.92

    5.6 – 86km SSE of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Friday, July 4, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 4, 2014 01:12:18 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.0045°, 155.8476°
    Depth 42.22km | 26.23mi
    Region 86km SSE of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 51, dmin 4.724, rms 0.82

    5.1 – Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Friday, July 4, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, July 4, 2014 05:34:19 AM
    Location (click for map) -49.1202°, -8.2961°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 66, dmin 22.767, rms 0.64

    5.1 – 209km SW of Abepura, Indonesia

    Thursday, July 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 3, 2014 10:30:33 PM
    Location (click for map) -3.999°, 139.2822°
    Depth 65.8km | 40.89mi
    Region 209km SW of Abepura, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 7.102, rms 1.17

    6.3 – 193km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Thursday, July 3, 2014

    Magnitude 6.3 (mwb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 3, 2014 07:50:05 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.5328°, -176.5257°
    Depth 20.03km | 12.45mi
    Region 193km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 18, dmin 1.769, rms 1.1

    5.7 – 13km NNW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Thursday, July 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mwb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 3, 2014 07:06:47 PM
    Location (click for map) 52.0709°, 178.4601°
    Depth 104.01km | 64.63mi
    Region 13km NNW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 46, dmin 0.869, rms 0.99

    5.9 – 59km E of Nikol’skoye, Russia

    Thursday, July 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mwp)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 3, 2014 12:05:22 PM
    Location (click for map) 55.2063°, 166.9197°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 59km E of Nikol’skoye, Russia
    Parameters nst, gap 76, dmin 4.912, rms 1.3

    5.6 – 174km SSW of Ndoi Island, Fiji

    Thursday, July 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 3, 2014 09:35:49 AM
    Location (click for map) -22.0631°, -179.4473°
    Depth 599.19km | 372.32mi
    Region 174km SSW of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    Parameters nst, gap 78, dmin 4.897, rms 0.96

    5.2 – 1km SE of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Thursday, July 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 3, 2014 04:43:42 AM
    Location (click for map) 51.9379°, 178.5214°
    Depth 122.89km | 76.36mi
    Region 1km SE of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 72, dmin 0.742, rms 1.39

    5.8 – 56km ENE of Nikol’skoye, Russia

    Thursday, July 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mwp)
    Date and Time Thursday, July 3, 2014 02:56:41 AM
    Location (click for map) 55.2981°, 166.8682°
    Depth 22.72km | 14.12mi
    Region 56km ENE of Nikol’skoye, Russia
    Parameters nst, gap 72, dmin 4.981, rms 1.07

    5.2 – 166km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Wednesday, July 2, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 2, 2014 10:02:30 AM
    Location (click for map) -55.3774°, -28.439°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 166km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 87, dmin 4.781, rms 0.74

    5 – 78km SSE of Lolayan, Indonesia

    Wednesday, July 2, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 2, 2014 07:24:29 AM
    Location (click for map) 0.0311°, 124.6609°
    Depth 80.52km | 50.03mi
    Region 78km SSE of Lolayan, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 52, dmin 2.169, rms 1.15

    5.4 – Balleny Islands region

    Wednesday, July 2, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, July 2, 2014 05:53:30 AM
    Location (click for map) -62.2698°, 155.088°
    Depth 16.12km | 10.02mi
    Region Balleny Islands region
    Parameters nst, gap 109, dmin 8.053, rms 0.99

    5 – 136km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, July 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 1, 2014 06:19:20 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.2684°, -177.0764°
    Depth 7.72km | 4.8mi
    Region 136km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 130, dmin 1.26, rms 0.69

    5.2 – 145km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, July 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 1, 2014 06:14:52 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.3044°, -176.9825°
    Depth 18.9km | 11.74mi
    Region 145km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 69, dmin 1.338, rms 0.94

    5.3 – 131km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, July 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mwb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 1, 2014 06:11:48 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.2522°, -177.141°
    Depth 9.58km | 5.95mi
    Region 131km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 58, dmin 1.215, rms 0.78

    5.1 – 87km WSW of San Antonio, Chile

    Tuesday, July 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 1, 2014 02:22:09 PM
    Location (click for map) -33.8979°, -72.4888°
    Depth 16.15km | 10.04mi
    Region 87km WSW of San Antonio, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 133, dmin 1.03, rms 0.68

    5.1 – 89km W of Cabra, Philippines

    Tuesday, July 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, July 1, 2014 09:11:23 AM
    Location (click for map) 13.8276°, 119.2241°
    Depth 34.58km | 21.49mi
    Region 89km W of Cabra, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 90, dmin 8.282, rms 0.9


    June 2014

    5.3 – 99km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 30, 2014 08:45:34 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.0323°, -177.3559°
    Depth 45.08km | 28.01mi
    Region 99km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 76, dmin 0.929, rms 1.23

    6.2 – Bonin Islands, Japan region

    Monday, June 30, 2014

    Magnitude 6.2 (mwb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 30, 2014 07:55:32 PM
    Location (click for map) 28.3536°, 138.864°
    Depth 512.4km | 318.39mi
    Region Bonin Islands, Japan region
    Parameters nst, gap 32, dmin 4.816, rms 0.74

    5 – 177km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Monday, June 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 30, 2014 03:44:24 PM
    Location (click for map) -55.2196°, -28.2698°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 177km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 4.852, rms 0.52

    5.1 – 57km SW of Pagan, Northern Mariana Islands

    Monday, June 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 30, 2014 11:37:25 AM
    Location (click for map) 17.7478°, 145.3826°
    Depth 302.96km | 188.25mi
    Region 57km SW of Pagan, Northern Mariana Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 90, dmin 4.164, rms 0.65

    5.3 – 87km S of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 30, 2014 11:36:05 AM
    Location (click for map) -30.0481°, -177.78°
    Depth 22.68km | 14.09mi
    Region 87km S of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 77, dmin 0.81, rms 0.88

    5.8 – North of Ascension Island

    Monday, June 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 30, 2014 01:46:22 AM
    Location (click for map) 0.0521°, -17.342°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region North of Ascension Island
    Parameters nst, gap 42, dmin 8.47, rms 0.54

    5.6 – 206km WNW of Hihifo, Tonga

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 06:24:31 PM
    Location (click for map) -15.2683°, -175.544°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 206km WNW of Hihifo, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 45, dmin 3.888, rms 1.45

    5.1 – 166km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 05:33:53 PM
    Location (click for map) -55.3352°, -28.2986°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 166km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 4.853, rms 0.7

    5 – 3km SSE of Zaqatala, Azerbaijan

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 05:26:12 PM
    Location (click for map) 41.6028°, 46.6653°
    Depth 33.59km | 20.87mi
    Region 3km SSE of Zaqatala, Azerbaijan
    Parameters nst, gap 39, dmin 1.449, rms 1.05

    6.7 – 200km SSE of Mata-Utu, Wallis and Futuna

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 6.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 05:15:08 PM
    Location (click for map) -14.9833°, -175.5448°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 200km SSE of Mata-Utu, Wallis and Futuna
    Parameters nst, gap 45, dmin 6.73, rms 1.31

    6.4 – 192km SSE of Mata-Utu, Wallis and Futuna

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 6.4 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 03:52:23 PM
    Location (click for map) -14.7686°, -175.2561°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 192km SSE of Mata-Utu, Wallis and Futuna
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 3.478, rms 1.36

    5 – 157km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 02:38:11 PM
    Location (click for map) -55.4153°, -28.2652°
    Depth 6.27km | 3.9mi
    Region 157km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 100, dmin 4.885, rms 0.83

    6 – 159km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mwb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 02:32:49 PM
    Location (click for map) -55.3584°, -28.1075°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 159km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 4.964, rms 0.64

    5.8 – 154km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mwb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 02:20:37 PM
    Location (click for map) -55.4067°, -28.106°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 154km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 32, dmin 4.973, rms 0.78

    5.1 – 165km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 12:11:21 PM
    Location (click for map) -55.3053°, -28.1046°
    Depth 16.01km | 9.95mi
    Region 165km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 4.958, rms 0.63

    5.1 – 168km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 08:28:55 AM
    Location (click for map) -55.3771°, -28.5067°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 168km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 97, dmin 4.743, rms 0.52

    5.1 – 155km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 08:21:04 AM
    Location (click for map) -55.4467°, -28.2911°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 155km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 45, dmin 4.876, rms 0.59

    5.2 – 155km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 07:58:30 AM
    Location (click for map) -55.4519°, -28.3199°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 155km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 125, dmin 4.861, rms 0.45

    6.9 – 150km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 6.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 07:52:54 AM
    Location (click for map) -55.5211°, -28.3789°
    Depth 7.16km | 4.45mi
    Region 150km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 25, dmin 4.841, rms 0.73

    5 – 122km E of Bitung, Indonesia

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 07:19:22 AM
    Location (click for map) 1.4075°, 126.2834°
    Depth 18.76km | 11.66mi
    Region 122km E of Bitung, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 55, dmin 1.253, rms 0.81

    6.2 – 136km ESE of Iwo Jima, Japan

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 6.2 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 05:56:31 AM
    Location (click for map) 24.3812°, 142.6069°
    Depth 47.75km | 29.67mi
    Region 136km ESE of Iwo Jima, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 11, dmin 2.729, rms 0.64

    5.3 – 48km WNW of Lordsburg, New Mexico

    Sunday, June 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 29, 2014 04:59:35 AM
    Location (click for map) 32.5795°, -109.1439°
    Depth 6.09km | 3.78mi
    Region 48km WNW of Lordsburg, New Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 54, dmin 1.148, rms 0.7

    5 – 204km SSE of Iwo Jima, Japan

    Friday, June 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 27, 2014 10:37:20 PM
    Location (click for map) 23.1537°, 142.2879°
    Depth 136.47km | 84.8mi
    Region 204km SSE of Iwo Jima, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 23, dmin 3.926, rms 0.76

    5 – Western Indian-Antarctic Ridge

    Friday, June 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 27, 2014 08:10:16 PM
    Location (click for map) -48.998°, 121.5949°
    Depth 14.66km | 9.11mi
    Region Western Indian-Antarctic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 59, dmin 16.384, rms 0.65

    5.1 – 299km ENE of Hasaki, Japan

    Friday, June 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 27, 2014 11:10:38 AM
    Location (click for map) 36.2638°, 144.0948°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 299km ENE of Hasaki, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 124, dmin 4.722, rms 0.47

    5.4 – 44km SSE of Bilungala, Indonesia

    Thursday, June 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 26, 2014 11:28:21 AM
    Location (click for map) 0.0349°, 123.415°
    Depth 138.61km | 86.13mi
    Region 44km SSE of Bilungala, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 27, dmin 1.248, rms 1.37

    5 – 45km ENE of Amatignak Island, Alaska

    Thursday, June 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 26, 2014 09:03:03 AM
    Location (click for map) 51.4016°, -178.4899°
    Depth 50.68km | 31.49mi
    Region 45km ENE of Amatignak Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 134, dmin 1.223, rms 0.98

    5 – 110km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Thursday, June 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 26, 2014 02:30:06 AM
    Location (click for map) -30.0987°, -177.2621°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 110km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 1.029, rms 0.88

    5.1 – 93km W of Kawangohari, Indonesia

    Thursday, June 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 26, 2014 12:12:23 AM
    Location (click for map) -9.6365°, 118.1543°
    Depth 73.11km | 45.43mi
    Region 93km W of Kawangohari, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 33, dmin 4.119, rms 0.92

    5.3 – 113km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Wednesday, June 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mwb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, June 25, 2014 10:46:43 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.2455°, -177.5394°
    Depth 20.03km | 12.45mi
    Region 113km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 1.053, rms 0.71

    5.4 – 17km NNW of Wawa, Philippines

    Wednesday, June 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mww)
    Date and Time Wednesday, June 25, 2014 11:52:03 AM
    Location (click for map) 13.5968°, 120.6535°
    Depth 73.41km | 45.61mi
    Region 17km NNW of Wawa, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 34, dmin 0.572, rms 0.99

    5 – Prince Edward Islands region

    Wednesday, June 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, June 25, 2014 09:29:54 AM
    Location (click for map) -46.9772°, 33.5293°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Prince Edward Islands region
    Parameters nst, gap 30, dmin 17.525, rms 0.93

    5 – 151km E of Ndoi Island, Fiji

    Wednesday, June 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, June 25, 2014 04:26:14 AM
    Location (click for map) -20.5267°, -177.2515°
    Depth 323.27km | 200.87mi
    Region 151km E of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    Parameters nst, gap 102, dmin 5.23, rms 0.75

    5.2 – 12km SSW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Wednesday, June 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, June 25, 2014 12:03:03 AM
    Location (click for map) 51.8464°, 178.4458°
    Depth 122.3km | 75.99mi
    Region 12km SSW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 1.07

    5 – 119km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 08:07:52 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.2681°, -177.4487°
    Depth 11.92km | 7.41mi
    Region 119km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 113, dmin 1.101, rms 0.74

    5.1 – 97km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 04:53:45 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.077°, -177.5049°
    Depth 34.96km | 21.72mi
    Region 97km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 51, dmin 0.907, rms 0.7

    5.1 – 85km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 11:29:54 AM
    Location (click for map) -29.8901°, -177.3801°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 85km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 66, dmin 0.801, rms 0.87

    5.7 – 38km ESE of Buldir Island, Alaska

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mwb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 08:12:31 AM
    Location (click for map) 52.2488°, 176.4606°
    Depth 11km | 6.84mi
    Region 38km ESE of Buldir Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 42, dmin 1.297, rms 0.85

    5.2 – 104km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 08:05:53 AM
    Location (click for map) -30.1178°, -177.434°
    Depth 20.42km | 12.69mi
    Region 104km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 49, dmin 0.97, rms 1.14

    5.2 – 6km NW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 06:20:22 AM
    Location (click for map) 51.9945°, 178.4501°
    Depth 121.35km | 75.4mi
    Region 6km NW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 38, dmin 0.047, rms 0.87

    5.1 – Mid-Indian Ridge

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 05:55:10 AM
    Location (click for map) -13.9161°, 66.2246°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Mid-Indian Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 57, dmin 12.326, rms 1.55

    5.1 – 106km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 05:53:24 AM
    Location (click for map) -30.1642°, -177.5189°
    Depth 45.36km | 28.19mi
    Region 106km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 215, dmin 0.983, rms 1.32

    5 – 83km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 05:52:20 AM
    Location (click for map) -29.9107°, -177.4463°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 83km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 113, dmin 0.785, rms 1.23

    5 – 114km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 04:25:39 AM
    Location (click for map) -30.1823°, -177.3556°
    Depth 27.64km | 17.17mi
    Region 114km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 74, dmin 1.058, rms 0.86

    5.1 – 83km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 04:13:05 AM
    Location (click for map) -29.8644°, -177.3687°
    Depth 20.66km | 12.84mi
    Region 83km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 59, dmin 0.787, rms 1.17

    6.3 – 55km ESE of Buldir Island, Alaska

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 6.3 (mwb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 03:15:35 AM
    Location (click for map) 52.2045°, 176.6981°
    Depth 4km | 2.49mi
    Region 55km ESE of Buldir Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 21, dmin 1.145, rms 0.69

    5.1 – 98km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 02:47:48 AM
    Location (click for map) -29.8937°, -177.1802°
    Depth 6.73km | 4.18mi
    Region 98km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 66, dmin 0.918, rms 1.2

    5.1 – Mid-Indian Ridge

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 02:40:40 AM
    Location (click for map) -13.7662°, 66.4496°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Mid-Indian Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 57, dmin 8.64, rms 1.24

    5.8 – 6km SW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 12:52:28 AM
    Location (click for map) 51.9091°, 178.4438°
    Depth 100.3km | 62.32mi
    Region 6km SW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 22, dmin 0.057, rms 0.71

    5.3 – 106km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 24, 2014 12:46:04 AM
    Location (click for map) -30.1453°, -177.4614°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 106km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 50, dmin 0.985, rms 0.59

    5.2 – 95km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 11:53:27 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.0706°, -177.5438°
    Depth 6.72km | 4.18mi
    Region 95km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 68, dmin 0.888, rms 0.75

    5.1 – 113km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 10:39:29 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.1288°, -177.2718°
    Depth 26.38km | 16.39mi
    Region 113km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 165, dmin 1.05, rms 0.72

    5.3 – 118km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 10:33:46 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.2968°, -177.5653°
    Depth 4.1km | 2.55mi
    Region 118km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 136, dmin 1.094, rms 0.88

    6 – 5km ENE of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 10:29:51 PM
    Location (click for map) 51.9593°, 178.5844°
    Depth 106.6km | 66.24mi
    Region 5km ENE of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 24, dmin 0.008, rms 0.72

    5.9 – 100km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 10:20:04 PM
    Location (click for map) -29.9669°, -177.2485°
    Depth 10.66km | 6.62mi
    Region 100km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 0.932, rms 0.56

    5.1 – 98km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 10:17:44 PM
    Location (click for map) -29.946°, -177.2375°
    Depth 17.3km | 10.75mi
    Region 98km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 195, dmin 0.922, rms 0.73

    5.6 – 103km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 10:15:49 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.1522°, -177.5733°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 103km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 48, dmin 0.955, rms 0.9

    5.1 – 10km N of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 10:03:28 PM
    Location (click for map) 52.0415°, 178.4788°
    Depth 120.95km | 75.15mi
    Region 10km N of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 37, dmin 0.075, rms 0.58

    5.2 – 11km SSW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 09:32:22 PM
    Location (click for map) 51.8638°, 178.419°
    Depth 112km | 69.59mi
    Region 11km SSW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 262, dmin , rms 0.8

    6 – 5km WSW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 09:30:46 PM
    Location (click for map) 51.9357°, 178.4288°
    Depth 101.88km | 63.31mi
    Region 5km WSW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 23, dmin 0.052, rms 0.75

    5 – 105km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 09:18:45 PM
    Location (click for map) -29.8884°, -177.0797°
    Depth 32.5km | 20.19mi
    Region 105km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 199, dmin 0.979, rms 0.9

    6 – 3km WNW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 09:11:40 PM
    Location (click for map) 51.9558°, 178.4563°
    Depth 102.85km | 63.91mi
    Region 3km WNW of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 24, dmin 0.034, rms 0.65

    5.4 – 128km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 09:10:45 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.1398°, -177.0237°
    Depth 15.35km | 9.54mi
    Region 128km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 68, dmin 1.189, rms 0.74

    5.6 – 121km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 09:08:53 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.1701°, -177.1876°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 121km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 141, dmin 1.125, rms 1.43

    5 – 3km S of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 09:05:55 PM
    Location (click for map) 51.9189°, 178.498°
    Depth 116.7km | 72.51mi
    Region 3km S of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0.82

    5.7 – 13km S of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 09:00:01 PM
    Location (click for map) 51.8246°, 178.4767°
    Depth 105.92km | 65.82mi
    Region 13km S of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 53, dmin 0.143, rms 0.53

    5.1 – 102km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 08:59:13 PM
    Location (click for map) -29.9914°, -177.2359°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 102km SE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 130, dmin 0.957, rms 0.89

    7.9 – 23km SE of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 7.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 08:53:07 PM
    Location (click for map) 51.8131°, 178.7644°
    Depth 85km | 52.82mi
    Region 23km SE of Little Sitkin Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 22, dmin 0.17, rms 0.82

    5.4 – 83km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 08:27:59 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.0038°, -177.7113°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 83km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 69, dmin 0.779, rms 0.64

    5.2 – 100km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 08:23:32 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.0774°, -177.432°
    Depth 7.26km | 4.51mi
    Region 100km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 76, dmin 0.935, rms 0.74

    6.7 – 79km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 6.7 (mwc)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 08:06:20 PM
    Location (click for map) -29.9414°, -177.6073°
    Depth 26.59km | 16.52mi
    Region 79km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 43, dmin 0.748, rms 0.76

    6.2 – 83km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 6.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 07:21:45 PM
    Location (click for map) -29.9379°, -177.5159°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 83km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 30, dmin 0.778, rms 0.97

    6.9 – 80km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 6.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 07:19:15 PM
    Location (click for map) -29.9776°, -177.7245°
    Depth 20km | 12.43mi
    Region 80km SSE of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 35, dmin 0.751, rms 0.99

    5.1 – 156km WSW of Abepura, Indonesia

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 03:13:03 PM
    Location (click for map) -3.1005°, 139.2591°
    Depth 46.75km | 29.05mi
    Region 156km WSW of Abepura, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 24, dmin 1.556, rms 0.68

    5.4 – 46km ESE of Kainantu, Papua New Guinea

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 01:47:42 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.4497°, 146.2537°
    Depth 118km | 73.32mi
    Region 46km ESE of Kainantu, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 13, dmin 3.069, rms 0.77

    5 – 39km NE of Lakatoro, Vanuatu

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 09:10:14 AM
    Location (click for map) -15.9123°, 167.724°
    Depth 152.66km | 94.86mi
    Region 39km NE of Lakatoro, Vanuatu
    Parameters nst, gap 60, dmin 0.682, rms 0.86

    5.2 – 80km ENE of Hihifo, Tonga

    Monday, June 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 23, 2014 05:33:29 AM
    Location (click for map) -15.5509°, -173.1255°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 80km ENE of Hihifo, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 40, dmin 4.649, rms 0.8

    5 – 25km WNW of Subtanjalla, Peru

    Sunday, June 22, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 22, 2014 06:05:51 PM
    Location (click for map) -13.93°, -75.98°
    Depth 85km | 52.82mi
    Region 25km WNW of Subtanjalla, Peru
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 2.41

    5.3 – 169km N of Tobelo, Indonesia

    Sunday, June 22, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 22, 2014 04:34:56 PM
    Location (click for map) 3.2485°, 128.1903°
    Depth 46.18km | 28.69mi
    Region 169km N of Tobelo, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 36, dmin 2.594, rms 0.75

    5.1 – 98km E of Sulangan, Philippines

    Sunday, June 22, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 22, 2014 09:08:55 AM
    Location (click for map) 10.8979°, 126.7263°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 98km E of Sulangan, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 32, dmin 10.079, rms 0.76

    5.1 – 1km WNW of Sindangkerta, Indonesia

    Sunday, June 22, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 22, 2014 06:38:51 AM
    Location (click for map) -7.7615°, 108.0537°
    Depth 72.02km | 44.75mi
    Region 1km WNW of Sindangkerta, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 0.312, rms 0.85

    5.4 – 61km SSW of Bilungala, Indonesia

    Saturday, June 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwb)
    Date and Time Saturday, June 21, 2014 09:51:50 PM
    Location (click for map) -0.0995°, 122.9389°
    Depth 117km | 72.7mi
    Region 61km SSW of Bilungala, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 13, dmin 0.95, rms 0.92

    5.1 – 169km NW of Neiafu, Tonga

    Saturday, June 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, June 21, 2014 01:24:19 PM
    Location (click for map) -17.6504°, -175.1967°
    Depth 248.23km | 154.24mi
    Region 169km NW of Neiafu, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 35, dmin 4.966, rms 0.97

    5 – Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Saturday, June 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, June 21, 2014 11:08:24 AM
    Location (click for map) -50.3652°, -6.5536°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 72, dmin 21.447, rms 0.67

    5.3 – Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Saturday, June 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, June 21, 2014 09:21:21 AM
    Location (click for map) -13.6993°, -14.6541°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 55, dmin 22.337, rms 0.63

    5 – 49km NE of Bandar-e Ganaveh, Iran

    Friday, June 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 20, 2014 10:54:19 PM
    Location (click for map) 29.872°, 50.897°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 49km NE of Bandar-e Ganaveh, Iran
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0.79

    5.8 – 100km WNW of Iquique, Chile

    Friday, June 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, June 20, 2014 08:22:27 PM
    Location (click for map) -19.8101°, -71.0037°
    Depth 12.25km | 7.61mi
    Region 100km WNW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 0.856, rms 0.79

    5.6 – 93km WNW of Iquique, Chile

    Friday, June 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, June 20, 2014 07:53:31 PM
    Location (click for map) -19.8027°, -70.9223°
    Depth 12.75km | 7.92mi
    Region 93km WNW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 80, dmin 0.78, rms 0.99

    5.2 – 46km SW of Taron, Papua New Guinea

    Friday, June 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 20, 2014 03:46:45 PM
    Location (click for map) -4.7554°, 152.7224°
    Depth 53.13km | 33.01mi
    Region 46km SW of Taron, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 36, dmin 0.79, rms 1.05

    5.4 – 80km S of Amukta Island, Alaska

    Friday, June 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, June 20, 2014 12:16:46 PM
    Location (click for map) 51.769°, -171.254°
    Depth 41.9km | 26.04mi
    Region 80km S of Amukta Island, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 1.07

    5.2 – Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Friday, June 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 20, 2014 03:04:12 AM
    Location (click for map) -45.9311°, -13.6334°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 52, dmin 16.816, rms 0.82

    5.2 – 80km NW of Iquique, Chile

    Thursday, June 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 19, 2014 07:59:42 PM
    Location (click for map) -19.7844°, -70.7524°
    Depth 16.73km | 10.4mi
    Region 80km NW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 89, dmin 1.458, rms 0.63

    5.8 – 86km WNW of Iquique, Chile

    Thursday, June 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 19, 2014 07:54:04 PM
    Location (click for map) -19.841°, -70.8701°
    Depth 10.6km | 6.59mi
    Region 86km WNW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 43, dmin 0.744, rms 0.88

    6.2 – 85km WNW of Sola, Vanuatu

    Thursday, June 19, 2014

    Magnitude 6.2 (mwb)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 19, 2014 10:17:55 AM
    Location (click for map) -13.5585°, 166.8278°
    Depth 36km | 22.37mi
    Region 85km WNW of Sola, Vanuatu
    Parameters nst, gap 19, dmin 1.912, rms 1.12

    5.7 – 86km WNW of Iquique, Chile

    Thursday, June 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 19, 2014 09:38:36 AM
    Location (click for map) -19.9768°, -70.9284°
    Depth 12.09km | 7.51mi
    Region 86km WNW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 82, dmin 0.847, rms 1.12

    5.1 – 78km NNW of Curup, Indonesia

    Thursday, June 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 19, 2014 12:51:17 AM
    Location (click for map) -2.7778°, 102.3715°
    Depth 169.66km | 105.42mi
    Region 78km NNW of Curup, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 24, dmin 1.676, rms 0.69

    5.2 – 62km S of Hirara, Japan

    Wednesday, June 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, June 18, 2014 02:47:10 AM
    Location (click for map) 24.2379°, 125.2142°
    Depth 30km | 18.64mi
    Region 62km S of Hirara, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 67, dmin 2.022, rms 0.74

    5.3 – 33km ENE of Bitung, Indonesia

    Tuesday, June 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 17, 2014 07:56:21 PM
    Location (click for map) 1.5122°, 125.4788°
    Depth 81.55km | 50.67mi
    Region 33km ENE of Bitung, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 22, dmin 2.025, rms 1.11

    5 – 163km SSE of Sinabang, Indonesia

    Tuesday, June 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 17, 2014 04:04:43 PM
    Location (click for map) 1.1765°, 97.0662°
    Depth 36.22km | 22.51mi
    Region 163km SSE of Sinabang, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 90, dmin 0.524, rms 0.8

    5.3 – 89km NNW of Hachijo-jima, Japan

    Monday, June 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 16, 2014 05:42:22 PM
    Location (click for map) 33.8656°, 139.5829°
    Depth 130.74km | 81.24mi
    Region 89km NNW of Hachijo-jima, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 24, dmin 0.763, rms 0.77

    5.4 – 248km E of Ittoqqortoormiit, Greenland

    Monday, June 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, June 16, 2014 02:24:31 PM
    Location (click for map) 70.3176°, -15.3517°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 248km E of Ittoqqortoormiit, Greenland
    Parameters nst, gap 32, dmin 2.231, rms 0.62

    5.3 – 104km SSE of San Andres, Colombia

    Monday, June 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, June 16, 2014 01:26:46 PM
    Location (click for map) 11.7076°, -81.3553°
    Depth 19.98km | 12.41mi
    Region 104km SSE of San Andres, Colombia
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 2.922, rms 0.75

    5.7 – 33km ENE of Noatak, Alaska

    Monday, June 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (ml)
    Date and Time Monday, June 16, 2014 12:01:08 PM
    Location (click for map) 67.6973°, -162.6119°
    Depth 24.2km | 15.04mi
    Region 33km ENE of Noatak, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 1.22

    5.2 – 5km S of Cuilco, Guatemala

    Monday, June 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 16, 2014 10:04:31 AM
    Location (click for map) 15.3495°, -91.9693°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 5km S of Cuilco, Guatemala
    Parameters nst, gap 63, dmin 0.451, rms 1.34

    5.7 – 51km WSW of Tumaco, Colombia

    Monday, June 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, June 16, 2014 06:39:32 AM
    Location (click for map) 1.6444°, -79.2557°
    Depth 14.97km | 9.3mi
    Region 51km WSW of Tumaco, Colombia
    Parameters nst, gap 51, dmin 4.802, rms 0.98

    5.4 – Pacific-Antarctic Ridge

    Monday, June 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 16, 2014 01:55:47 AM
    Location (click for map) -56.8583°, -140.9205°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Pacific-Antarctic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 71, dmin 33.3, rms 0.48

    5.6 – 21km ENE of Iwaki, Japan

    Sunday, June 15, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 15, 2014 08:14:50 PM
    Location (click for map) 37.0964°, 141.119°
    Depth 45km | 27.96mi
    Region 21km ENE of Iwaki, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 58, dmin 2.399, rms 0.84

    5.5 – 89km ESE of Iwaki, Japan

    Sunday, June 15, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 15, 2014 06:19:13 PM
    Location (click for map) 36.6037°, 141.723°
    Depth 12.24km | 7.61mi
    Region 89km ESE of Iwaki, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 48, dmin 2.829, rms 0.8

    5.5 – 12km WNW of Hanamaki, Japan

    Saturday, June 14, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, June 14, 2014 05:31:41 PM
    Location (click for map) 39.4384°, 140.9876°
    Depth 92km | 57.17mi
    Region 12km WNW of Hanamaki, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 15, dmin 3.056, rms 0.67

    6.5 – South Indian Ocean

    Saturday, June 14, 2014

    Magnitude 6.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, June 14, 2014 11:10:59 AM
    Location (click for map) -10.1229°, 91.0921°
    Depth 4km | 2.49mi
    Region South Indian Ocean
    Parameters nst, gap 23, dmin 5.998, rms 0.85

    5 – 90km SSW of Kirakira, Solomon Islands

    Saturday, June 14, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, June 14, 2014 11:08:15 AM
    Location (click for map) -11.1391°, 161.473°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 90km SSW of Kirakira, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 58, dmin 2.26, rms 0.76

    5.6 – 46km SSW of Jarm, Afghanistan

    Saturday, June 14, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, June 14, 2014 03:58:41 AM
    Location (click for map) 36.4544°, 70.7174°
    Depth 200km | 124.27mi
    Region 46km SSW of Jarm, Afghanistan
    Parameters nst, gap 22, dmin 0.679, rms 0.83

    5.1 – 36km N of Finschhafen, Papua New Guinea

    Friday, June 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 13, 2014 10:59:42 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.2772°, 147.8081°
    Depth 69.01km | 42.88mi
    Region 36km N of Finschhafen, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 16, dmin 3.173, rms 0.98

    5.8 – Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Friday, June 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, June 13, 2014 07:30:29 PM
    Location (click for map) -46.0293°, -13.8844°
    Depth 6.42km | 3.99mi
    Region Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 33, dmin 9.03, rms 1.08

    5 – 17km W of Kishtwar, India

    Friday, June 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 13, 2014 01:32:52 PM
    Location (click for map) 33.292°, 75.5807°
    Depth 42.74km | 26.56mi
    Region 17km W of Kishtwar, India
    Parameters nst, gap 91, dmin 1.965, rms 1.14

    5 – 14km E of Nueva Concepcion, Guatemala

    Friday, June 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mwr)
    Date and Time Friday, June 13, 2014 12:26:32 PM
    Location (click for map) 14.1993°, -91.1679°
    Depth 77.76km | 48.32mi
    Region 14km E of Nueva Concepcion, Guatemala
    Parameters nst, gap 64, dmin 0.603, rms 0.88

    5.2 – 74km W of Khuzdar, Pakistan

    Friday, June 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 13, 2014 06:17:06 AM
    Location (click for map) 27.6169°, 65.9037°
    Depth 26.13km | 16.24mi
    Region 74km W of Khuzdar, Pakistan
    Parameters nst, gap 78, dmin 7.407, rms 1.19

    5 – Izu Islands, Japan region

    Friday, June 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 13, 2014 05:50:49 AM
    Location (click for map) 30.6986°, 141.8353°
    Depth 47.19km | 29.32mi
    Region Izu Islands, Japan region
    Parameters nst, gap 51, dmin 2.959, rms 1

    5 – 116km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Thursday, June 12, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 12, 2014 09:15:52 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.4395°, 154.4404°
    Depth 47.97km | 29.81mi
    Region 116km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 17, dmin 3.182, rms 0.74

    5.1 – 198km NW of Sorong, Indonesia

    Thursday, June 12, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 12, 2014 04:33:39 AM
    Location (click for map) 0.2923°, 129.9044°
    Depth 56.02km | 34.81mi
    Region 198km NW of Sorong, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 37, dmin 2.581, rms 0.54

    5 – 7km NE of Placer, Philippines

    Wednesday, June 11, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, June 11, 2014 09:08:24 AM
    Location (click for map) 9.6936°, 125.6589°
    Depth 55.26km | 34.34mi
    Region 7km NE of Placer, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 26, dmin 6.367, rms 1.02

    5 – 105km S of Naze, Japan

    Wednesday, June 11, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, June 11, 2014 07:30:59 AM
    Location (click for map) 27.4266°, 129.286°
    Depth 30.59km | 19.01mi
    Region 105km S of Naze, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 103, dmin 1.077, rms 0.98

    5 – 56km ENE of Burgos, Philippines

    Tuesday, June 10, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 10, 2014 08:44:22 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.5014°, 126.6496°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 56km ENE of Burgos, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 126, dmin 17.478, rms 0.83

    5 – 95km SE of Laiwui, Indonesia

    Tuesday, June 10, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 10, 2014 07:26:01 PM
    Location (click for map) -1.9498°, 128.2906°
    Depth 37.1km | 23.05mi
    Region 95km SE of Laiwui, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 36, dmin 2.856, rms 0.89

    5.2 – 113km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Tuesday, June 10, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 10, 2014 06:48:54 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.8148°, 154.5826°
    Depth 8.49km | 5.28mi
    Region 113km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 16, dmin 3.548, rms 0.76

    5.3 – 106km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Tuesday, June 10, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mwb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 10, 2014 06:26:15 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.8041°, 154.6586°
    Depth 16.16km | 10.04mi
    Region 106km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 15, dmin 3.592, rms 0.88

    5.3 – 26km W of Camana, Peru

    Tuesday, June 10, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mww)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 10, 2014 04:03:24 AM
    Location (click for map) -16.5799°, -72.9518°
    Depth 63.54km | 39.48mi
    Region 26km W of Camana, Peru
    Parameters nst, gap 93, dmin 3.062, rms 0.84

    5 – 9km NNW of Dayuanhuizu, China

    Monday, June 9, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 9, 2014 11:54:14 PM
    Location (click for map) 32.4987°, 105.1835°
    Depth 16.9km | 10.5mi
    Region 9km NNW of Dayuanhuizu, China
    Parameters nst, gap 53, dmin 3.486, rms 1

    5.4 – 30km WNW of Linaon, Philippines

    Monday, June 9, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, June 9, 2014 09:45:13 PM
    Location (click for map) 10.087°, 122.2032°
    Depth 14km | 8.7mi
    Region 30km WNW of Linaon, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 69, dmin 4.178, rms 1.36

    5.2 – 56km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Monday, June 9, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 9, 2014 12:25:18 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.405°, 154.9793°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 56km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 31, dmin 3.563, rms 0.78

    5.2 – 10km N of Ofunato, Japan

    Sunday, June 8, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 8, 2014 05:24:33 AM
    Location (click for map) 39.1635°, 141.7092°
    Depth 95.61km | 59.41mi
    Region 10km N of Ofunato, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 3.054, rms 0.77

    5.5 – 66km E of Severo-Kuril’sk, Russia

    Saturday, June 7, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, June 7, 2014 01:11:35 PM
    Location (click for map) 50.6829°, 157.0663°
    Depth 41.06km | 25.51mi
    Region 66km E of Severo-Kuril’sk, Russia
    Parameters nst, gap 95, dmin 2.459, rms 0.78

    5.5 – 105km E of Artyom, Azerbaijan

    Saturday, June 7, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mwc)
    Date and Time Saturday, June 7, 2014 06:05:29 AM
    Location (click for map) 40.3731°, 51.5739°
    Depth 30.51km | 18.96mi
    Region 105km E of Artyom, Azerbaijan
    Parameters nst, gap 37, dmin 5.64, rms 0.74

    5.5 – 36km NE of Noatak, Alaska

    Saturday, June 7, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (ml)
    Date and Time Saturday, June 7, 2014 04:43:32 AM
    Location (click for map) 67.7245°, -162.3749°
    Depth 18.6km | 11.56mi
    Region 36km NE of Noatak, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0.83

    5.5 – 178km NW of Hihifo, Tonga

    Friday, June 6, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mwc)
    Date and Time Friday, June 6, 2014 11:06:52 PM
    Location (click for map) -14.9149°, -175.0271°
    Depth 17.94km | 11.15mi
    Region 178km NW of Hihifo, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 46, dmin 3.303, rms 0.8

    5.3 – Halmahera, Indonesia

    Friday, June 6, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 6, 2014 09:42:32 PM
    Location (click for map) 1.9612°, 128.4941°
    Depth 69.91km | 43.44mi
    Region Halmahera, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 34, dmin 1.632, rms 0.65

    5 – Scotia Sea

    Friday, June 6, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, June 6, 2014 04:38:56 AM
    Location (click for map) -61.042°, -51.6697°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Scotia Sea
    Parameters nst, gap 42, dmin 6.776, rms 0.94

    5.9 – Easter Island region

    Thursday, June 5, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 5, 2014 05:22:05 PM
    Location (click for map) -29.1504°, -112.4834°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Easter Island region
    Parameters nst, gap 41, dmin 3.434, rms 1.02

    5.3 – 157km WNW of Haines Junction, Canada

    Thursday, June 5, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (ml)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 5, 2014 05:44:28 AM
    Location (click for map) 61.1645°, -140.2468°
    Depth 1km | 0.62mi
    Region 157km WNW of Haines Junction, Canada
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0.96

    5 – 130km ENE of Namatanai, Papua New Guinea

    Thursday, June 5, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, June 5, 2014 01:16:09 AM
    Location (click for map) -3.4214°, 153.5851°
    Depth 346.87km | 215.54mi
    Region 130km ENE of Namatanai, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 26, dmin 1.611, rms 0.83

    5 – 80km SW of Iquique, Chile

    Wednesday, June 4, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mwr)
    Date and Time Wednesday, June 4, 2014 05:04:28 PM
    Location (click for map) -20.652°, -70.761°
    Depth 38.8km | 24.11mi
    Region 80km SW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 1.21

    5.7 – 77km WSW of Haines, Alaska

    Wednesday, June 4, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Wednesday, June 4, 2014 11:58:58 AM
    Location (click for map) 59.0268°, -136.7479°
    Depth 12km | 7.46mi
    Region 77km WSW of Haines, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 22, dmin 0.472, rms 0.75

    5 – 45km WNW of Ambunti, Papua New Guinea

    Wednesday, June 4, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, June 4, 2014 05:02:36 AM
    Location (click for map) -4.1346°, 142.4455°
    Depth 73.2km | 45.48mi
    Region 45km WNW of Ambunti, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 26, dmin 2.368, rms 0.97

    5.2 – 20km W of Chilca, Peru

    Tuesday, June 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 3, 2014 09:34:11 PM
    Location (click for map) -12.5144°, -76.9261°
    Depth 36.34km | 22.58mi
    Region 20km W of Chilca, Peru
    Parameters nst, gap 86, dmin 0.53, rms 1.3

    5 – 213km WNW of Lautoka, Fiji

    Tuesday, June 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 3, 2014 07:53:06 PM
    Location (click for map) -16.6586°, 175.7288°
    Depth 14.99km | 9.31mi
    Region 213km WNW of Lautoka, Fiji
    Parameters nst, gap 62, dmin 2.47, rms 0.76

    5.6 – Pacific-Antarctic Ridge

    Tuesday, June 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mwc)
    Date and Time Tuesday, June 3, 2014 04:39:57 AM
    Location (click for map) -54.966°, -129.6226°
    Depth 13.14km | 8.16mi
    Region Pacific-Antarctic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 78, dmin 29.863, rms 0.79

    5.4 – 174km S of L’Esperance Rock, New Zealand

    Monday, June 2, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 2, 2014 06:31:38 AM
    Location (click for map) -33.0026°, -179.0404°
    Depth 9.53km | 5.92mi
    Region 174km S of L’Esperance Rock, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 65, dmin 3.865, rms 1.21

    5.1 – 58km ESE of General Luna, Philippines

    Monday, June 2, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, June 2, 2014 01:04:05 AM
    Location (click for map) 9.58°, 126.649°
    Depth 22.59km | 14.04mi
    Region 58km ESE of General Luna, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 96, dmin 2.709, rms 1.18

    5 – 192km NNE of Bitung, Indonesia

    Sunday, June 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 1, 2014 07:01:52 PM
    Location (click for map) 3.0868°, 125.7566°
    Depth 123.27km | 76.6mi
    Region 192km NNE of Bitung, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 51, dmin 2.806, rms 1.28

    5 – 185km W of Abepura, Indonesia

    Sunday, June 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 1, 2014 03:31:34 PM
    Location (click for map) -2.4597°, 138.9242°
    Depth 39.28km | 24.41mi
    Region 185km W of Abepura, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 21, dmin 1.779, rms 0.87

    5.1 – 39km SSW of Tympakion, Greece

    Sunday, June 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 1, 2014 12:05:51 PM
    Location (click for map) 34.7337°, 24.6177°
    Depth 30.6km | 19.01mi
    Region 39km SSW of Tympakion, Greece
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0.95

    5.7 – North Indian Ocean

    Sunday, June 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, June 1, 2014 10:07:12 AM
    Location (click for map) 2.017°, 89.7759°
    Depth 20km | 12.43mi
    Region North Indian Ocean
    Parameters nst, gap 14, dmin 7.828, rms 0.95

     

    May 2014

    5.4 – 31km E of Cortes, Philippines

    Saturday, May 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 31, 2014 07:54:15 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.305°, 126.4779°
    Depth 9.28km | 5.77mi
    Region 31km E of Cortes, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 71, dmin 2.392, rms 0.7

    5 – 31km ENE of Cortes, Philippines

    Saturday, May 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 31, 2014 07:44:38 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.3537°, 126.4707°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 31km ENE of Cortes, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 65, dmin 2.434, rms 0.6

    5 – 162km ENE of Ndoi Island, Fiji

    Saturday, May 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 31, 2014 07:09:01 PM
    Location (click for map) -19.8725°, -177.3849°
    Depth 380.93km | 236.7mi
    Region 162km ENE of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    Parameters nst, gap 75, dmin 4.811, rms 0.69

    5.1 – 41km ENE of Cortes, Philippines

    Saturday, May 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 31, 2014 07:05:36 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.3764°, 126.5556°
    Depth 11.03km | 6.85mi
    Region 41km ENE of Cortes, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 43, dmin 2.487, rms 0.81

    5 – 36km ENE of Burgos, Philippines

    Saturday, May 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 31, 2014 07:03:17 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.3317°, 126.5155°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 36km ENE of Burgos, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 100, dmin 2.431, rms 0.92

    5 – 32km ENE of Cortes, Philippines

    Saturday, May 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 31, 2014 06:59:56 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.3949°, 126.4622°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 32km ENE of Cortes, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 68, dmin 2.47, rms 0.77

    5.1 – 43km ENE of Burgos, Philippines

    Saturday, May 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 31, 2014 06:58:32 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.3642°, 126.5763°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 43km ENE of Burgos, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 2.484, rms 0.91

    5.2 – 37km ENE of Burgos, Philippines

    Saturday, May 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 31, 2014 06:46:48 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.3556°, 126.5206°
    Depth 15.65km | 9.72mi
    Region 37km ENE of Burgos, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 59, dmin 2.454, rms 0.92

    5.1 – 49km ENE of Cortes, Philippines

    Saturday, May 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 31, 2014 06:33:05 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.4177°, 126.6188°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 49km ENE of Cortes, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 42, dmin 2.549, rms 1.07

    6.2 – 265km WSW of Tomatlan, Mexico

    Saturday, May 31, 2014

    Magnitude 6.2 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 31, 2014 11:53:46 AM
    Location (click for map) 18.7876°, -107.469°
    Depth 5km | 3.11mi
    Region 265km WSW of Tomatlan, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 69, dmin 3.574, rms 0.64

    5.4 – 32km SW of Nikol’skoye, Russia

    Saturday, May 31, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 31, 2014 06:16:53 AM
    Location (click for map) 54.9735°, 165.6496°
    Depth 6km | 3.73mi
    Region 32km SW of Nikol’skoye, Russia
    Parameters nst, gap 81, dmin 4.568, rms 1.03

    5.1 – 112km S of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 10:48:14 PM
    Location (click for map) -30.2743°, -177.7814°
    Depth 29.34km | 18.23mi
    Region 112km S of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 58, dmin 1.033, rms 0.78

    5 – 39km E of Cortes, Philippines

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 08:37:55 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.3324°, 126.5512°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 39km E of Cortes, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 42, dmin 2.445, rms 1.04

    5.1 – 85km E of Hihifo, Tonga

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 08:10:40 PM
    Location (click for map) -15.8664°, -172.9524°
    Depth 26.97km | 16.76mi
    Region 85km E of Hihifo, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 67, dmin 2.253, rms 1.09

    5 – 15km E of Cortes, Philippines

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 05:53:07 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.2994°, 126.3307°
    Depth 18.21km | 11.32mi
    Region 15km E of Cortes, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 82, dmin 8.533, rms 0.87

    5.3 – 40km E of Cortes, Philippines

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mwb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 05:41:25 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.3422°, 126.5558°
    Depth 12km | 7.46mi
    Region 40km E of Cortes, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 25, dmin 7.255, rms 1

    5.1 – 48km ENE of Cortes, Philippines

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 04:36:21 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.4346°, 126.6082°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 48km ENE of Cortes, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 83, dmin 2.56, rms 1.35

    5.6 – 89km NNE of Tocopilla, Chile

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 03:32:27 PM
    Location (click for map) -21.302°, -69.999°
    Depth 59.6km | 37.03mi
    Region 89km NNE of Tocopilla, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0

    5.7 – 33km ENE of Burgos, Philippines

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 03:26:14 PM
    Location (click for map) 9.3864°, 126.4726°
    Depth 14.53km | 9.03mi
    Region 33km ENE of Burgos, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 82, dmin 2.465, rms 1.13

    5.2 – 89km NNE of Tocopilla, Chile

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 11:41:38 AM
    Location (click for map) -21.309°, -69.974°
    Depth 67.8km | 42.13mi
    Region 89km NNE of Tocopilla, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0.98

    5.5 – Pacific-Antarctic Ridge

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mwc)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 11:33:10 AM
    Location (click for map) -55.3059°, -128.5812°
    Depth 11.29km | 7.02mi
    Region Pacific-Antarctic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 33, dmin 32.416, rms 0.84

    5.9 – 29km NNW of Pingyuan, China

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 01:20:15 AM
    Location (click for map) 24.9992°, 97.8455°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 29km NNW of Pingyuan, China
    Parameters nst, gap 18, dmin 4.44, rms 0.87

    5.2 – 30km N of Komodo, Indonesia

    Friday, May 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 30, 2014 12:56:19 AM
    Location (click for map) -8.3109°, 119.488°
    Depth 170.59km | 106mi
    Region 30km N of Komodo, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 21, dmin 2.739, rms 1.25

    5.3 – 105km S of Raoul Island, New Zealand

    Thursday, May 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 29, 2014 06:39:04 AM
    Location (click for map) -30.2212°, -177.8757°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 105km S of Raoul Island, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 49, dmin 0.973, rms 0.75

    5 – 144km SE of Modayag, Indonesia

    Thursday, May 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 29, 2014 01:16:49 AM
    Location (click for map) -0.206°, 125.3081°
    Depth 46.51km | 28.9mi
    Region 144km SE of Modayag, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 2.276, rms 0.71

    5.8 – 45km SE of Boca de Yuma, Dominican Republic

    Wednesday, May 28, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (Ml)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 28, 2014 09:15:06 PM
    Location (click for map) 18.045°, -68.3509°
    Depth 90km | 55.92mi
    Region 45km SE of Boca de Yuma, Dominican Republic
    Parameters nst31, gap 262.8, dmin 0.46712395, rms 0.41

    5.3 – 98km SE of Hachijo-jima, Japan

    Tuesday, May 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 27, 2014 04:12:10 PM
    Location (click for map) 32.5°, 140.5882°
    Depth 76.79km | 47.72mi
    Region 98km SE of Hachijo-jima, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 25, dmin 0.895, rms 0.59

    5.1 – Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Tuesday, May 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 27, 2014 10:59:10 AM
    Location (click for map) -22.9187°, -13.5492°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 41, dmin 27.449, rms 0.87

    5.1 – 93km NW of Tome, Chile

    Tuesday, May 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mww)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 27, 2014 09:04:05 AM
    Location (click for map) -35.9344°, -73.5573°
    Depth 10.22km | 6.35mi
    Region 93km NW of Tome, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 82, dmin 1.003, rms 1.09

    5.1 – 51km NW of Dib Dibba, Oman

    Tuesday, May 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 27, 2014 05:44:29 AM
    Location (click for map) 26.543°, 55.905°
    Depth 14.3km | 8.89mi
    Region 51km NW of Dib Dibba, Oman
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 1.23

    5.1 – Mid-Indian Ridge

    Tuesday, May 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 27, 2014 04:25:18 AM
    Location (click for map) -15.2081°, 67.003°
    Depth 10.89km | 6.77mi
    Region Mid-Indian Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 55, dmin 35.953, rms 0.82

    5.1 – Mid-Indian Ridge

    Tuesday, May 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 27, 2014 04:23:53 AM
    Location (click for map) -15.1383°, 66.918°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Mid-Indian Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 62, dmin 12.199, rms 0.63

    5.2 – Azores Islands region

    Monday, May 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, May 26, 2014 07:43:15 PM
    Location (click for map) 42.0382°, -29.2976°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Azores Islands region
    Parameters nst, gap 21, dmin 3.409, rms 0.55

    5.1 – Kepulauan Barat Daya, Indonesia

    Monday, May 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, May 26, 2014 04:14:01 AM
    Location (click for map) -7.423°, 128.4061°
    Depth 105.86km | 65.78mi
    Region Kepulauan Barat Daya, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 2.92, rms 1.43

    5.3 – 48km S of Puerto San Jose, Guatemala

    Sunday, May 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (md)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 25, 2014 10:36:20 PM
    Location (click for map) 13.4884°, -90.8352°
    Depth 41.87km | 26.02mi
    Region 48km S of Puerto San Jose, Guatemala
    Parameters nst, gap 48, dmin 1.324, rms 0.75

    5 – 58km SSW of Puerto San Jose, Guatemala

    Sunday, May 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 25, 2014 10:36:20 PM
    Location (click for map) 13.4192°, -90.9883°
    Depth 58.31km | 36.23mi
    Region 58km SSW of Puerto San Jose, Guatemala
    Parameters nst, gap 156, dmin 1.293, rms 0.78

    5.2 – 108km SSW of Kotaagung, Indonesia

    Saturday, May 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 24, 2014 08:58:04 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.3382°, 104.121°
    Depth 37.61km | 23.37mi
    Region 108km SSW of Kotaagung, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 2.281, rms 0.8

    5.9 – Central Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Saturday, May 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mwc)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 24, 2014 11:49:26 AM
    Location (click for map) 0.6863°, -26.3229°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Central Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 38, dmin 11.547, rms 0.56

    6.9 – 21km SSW of Kamariotissa, Greece

    Saturday, May 24, 2014

    Magnitude 6.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 24, 2014 09:25:03 AM
    Location (click for map) 40.2996°, 25.3821°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 21km SSW of Kamariotissa, Greece
    Parameters nst, gap 25, dmin 0.41, rms 0.68

    5.7 – 10km S of San Juan Cacahuatepec, Mexico

    Saturday, May 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 24, 2014 08:24:47 AM
    Location (click for map) 16.526°, -98.141°
    Depth 17km | 10.56mi
    Region 10km S of San Juan Cacahuatepec, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 79, dmin 0.133, rms 1.11

    5.1 – 29km S of Coracora, Peru

    Saturday, May 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 24, 2014 06:47:32 AM
    Location (click for map) -15.3023°, -73.8057°
    Depth 80.8km | 50.21mi
    Region 29km S of Coracora, Peru
    Parameters nst, gap 93, dmin 4.423, rms 1.06

    5.5 – Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Friday, May 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mwc)
    Date and Time Friday, May 23, 2014 11:41:49 PM
    Location (click for map) 45.0099°, -27.8369°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 14, dmin 6.291, rms 0.67

    5.7 – 68km WNW of Agrihan, Northern Mariana Islands

    Friday, May 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 23, 2014 09:20:06 PM
    Location (click for map) 18.9494°, 145.0446°
    Depth 558.07km | 346.77mi
    Region 68km WNW of Agrihan, Northern Mariana Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 15, dmin 5.332, rms 0.78

    5.8 – 27km NNW of Pingyuan, China

    Friday, May 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 23, 2014 08:49:21 PM
    Location (click for map) 24.9737°, 97.8437°
    Depth 8km | 4.97mi
    Region 27km NNW of Pingyuan, China
    Parameters nst, gap 24, dmin 4.443, rms 0.98

    5.4 – 31km ESE of Severomuysk, Russia

    Friday, May 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 23, 2014 07:42:26 PM
    Location (click for map) 56.048°, 113.9053°
    Depth 4.41km | 2.74mi
    Region 31km ESE of Severomuysk, Russia
    Parameters nst, gap 27, dmin 7.477, rms 0.66

    5.1 – 115km S of Kirakira, Solomon Islands

    Friday, May 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 23, 2014 09:33:58 AM
    Location (click for map) -11.4936°, 162.0593°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 115km S of Kirakira, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 26, dmin 2.912, rms 0.72

    5.3 – 81km SSW of Kirakira, Solomon Islands

    Friday, May 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 23, 2014 09:13:30 AM
    Location (click for map) -11.095°, 161.5486°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 81km SSW of Kirakira, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 37, dmin 2.278, rms 0.83

    5.2 – 235km SW of Biha, Indonesia

    Friday, May 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 23, 2014 09:06:57 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.9447°, 102.6381°
    Depth 29.82km | 18.53mi
    Region 235km SW of Biha, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 58, dmin 2.586, rms 1.03

    5.5 – 159km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Thursday, May 22, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mwb)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 22, 2014 08:37:56 AM
    Location (click for map) -55.3968°, -28.2771°
    Depth 7km | 4.35mi
    Region 159km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 39, dmin 4.875, rms 0.74

    5.4 – 90km SSW of Kirakira, Solomon Islands

    Thursday, May 22, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwc)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 22, 2014 05:22:54 AM
    Location (click for map) -11.1574°, 161.505°
    Depth 35.86km | 22.28mi
    Region 90km SSW of Kirakira, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 32, dmin 2.294, rms 0.64

    5.3 – 29km NW of Piru, Indonesia

    Wednesday, May 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 21, 2014 06:14:27 PM
    Location (click for map) -2.9143°, 127.9801°
    Depth 22.49km | 13.97mi
    Region 29km NW of Piru, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 25, dmin 3.712, rms 0.97

    6 – 275km SE of Konarka, India

    Wednesday, May 21, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mww)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 21, 2014 04:21:54 PM
    Location (click for map) 18.2043°, 88.0335°
    Depth 47.45km | 29.48mi
    Region 275km SE of Konarka, India
    Parameters nst, gap 38, dmin 5.59, rms 0.63

    5 – 33km E of Bandar-e Ganaveh, Iran

    Wednesday, May 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 21, 2014 10:51:27 AM
    Location (click for map) 29.631°, 50.859°
    Depth 15.1km | 9.38mi
    Region 33km E of Bandar-e Ganaveh, Iran
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0.77

    5.8 – 3km SSW of Palomares, Mexico

    Wednesday, May 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mww)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 21, 2014 10:06:15 AM
    Location (click for map) 17.121°, -95.0729°
    Depth 120.3km | 74.75mi
    Region 3km SSW of Palomares, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 1.44

    5.2 – 36km E of Bandar-e Ganaveh, Iran

    Wednesday, May 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mwb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 21, 2014 09:46:28 AM
    Location (click for map) 29.5653°, 50.8946°
    Depth 11km | 6.84mi
    Region 36km E of Bandar-e Ganaveh, Iran
    Parameters nst, gap 37, dmin 6.595, rms 0.71

    5.1 – 19km NNW of Ovalle, Chile

    Wednesday, May 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mww)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 21, 2014 09:00:53 AM
    Location (click for map) -30.452°, -71.311°
    Depth 36.2km | 22.49mi
    Region 19km NNW of Ovalle, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0.75

    5.1 – 136km NNE of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands

    Wednesday, May 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 21, 2014 01:28:25 AM
    Location (click for map) -57.8465°, -25.9293°
    Depth 106.96km | 66.46mi
    Region 136km NNE of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 6.904, rms 0.7

    5.6 – 26km SSW of Hualian, Taiwan

    Wednesday, May 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 21, 2014 12:21:12 AM
    Location (click for map) 23.756°, 121.4982°
    Depth 13km | 8.08mi
    Region 26km SSW of Hualian, Taiwan
    Parameters nst, gap 14, dmin 0.406, rms 0.83

    5 – Balleny Islands region

    Tuesday, May 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 20, 2014 08:05:08 PM
    Location (click for map) -68.7371°, 170.6886°
    Depth 16.67km | 10.36mi
    Region Balleny Islands region
    Parameters nst, gap 43, dmin 9.174, rms 0.89

    5 – 126km ESE of Visokoi Island,

    Tuesday, May 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 20, 2014 03:48:33 PM
    Location (click for map) -57.0689°, -25.2358°
    Depth 51.61km | 32.07mi
    Region 126km ESE of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 90, dmin 6.948, rms 0.81

    5.7 – 130km ESE of Visokoi Island,

    Monday, May 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, May 19, 2014 10:47:12 PM
    Location (click for map) -57.0334°, -25.1486°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 130km ESE of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 49, dmin 6.981, rms 0.9

    5.4 – 142km ESE of Visokoi Island,

    Monday, May 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwb)
    Date and Time Monday, May 19, 2014 03:56:43 AM
    Location (click for map) -56.9868°, -24.9198°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 142km ESE of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 34, dmin 7.086, rms 0.93

    5.5 – Central East Pacific Rise

    Monday, May 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mwb)
    Date and Time Monday, May 19, 2014 01:53:54 AM
    Location (click for map) -4.7721°, -105.5478°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Central East Pacific Rise
    Parameters nst, gap 122, dmin 23.238, rms 0.98

    5 – 11km SSW of Cerrik, Albania

    Monday, May 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mwr)
    Date and Time Monday, May 19, 2014 12:59:19 AM
    Location (click for map) 40.943°, 19.9057°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 11km SSW of Cerrik, Albania
    Parameters nst, gap 33, dmin 0.405, rms 1.02

    5.8 – Central East Pacific Rise

    Sunday, May 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 18, 2014 11:47:04 PM
    Location (click for map) -4.4173°, -105.9421°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Central East Pacific Rise
    Parameters nst, gap 73, dmin 16.074, rms 0.92

    5.5 – 274km WSW of Meulaboh, Indonesia

    Sunday, May 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mwb)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 18, 2014 10:59:21 AM
    Location (click for map) 3.1506°, 93.8608°
    Depth 4.78km | 2.97mi
    Region 274km WSW of Meulaboh, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 30, dmin 3.706, rms 1.3

    5.6 – 171km S of Mata-Utu, Wallis and Futuna

    Sunday, May 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mwc)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 18, 2014 06:38:40 AM
    Location (click for map) -14.8047°, -175.9032°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 171km S of Mata-Utu, Wallis and Futuna
    Parameters nst, gap 50, dmin 6.498, rms 0.86

    5.6 – 203km SSE of Isangel, Vanuatu

    Sunday, May 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mwb)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 18, 2014 04:19:17 AM
    Location (click for map) -21.3041°, 169.8451°
    Depth 62.04km | 38.55mi
    Region 203km SSE of Isangel, Vanuatu
    Parameters nst, gap 24, dmin 3.254, rms 0.86

    6 – Off the west coast of northern Sumatra

    Sunday, May 18, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 18, 2014 01:02:32 AM
    Location (click for map) 4.2485°, 92.7574°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region Off the west coast of northern Sumatra
    Parameters nst, gap 19, dmin 4.287, rms 0.71

    5.7 – 168km SSE of Mata-Utu, Wallis and Futuna

    Sunday, May 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mwc)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 18, 2014 12:58:27 AM
    Location (click for map) -14.6681°, -175.53°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 168km SSE of Mata-Utu, Wallis and Futuna
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 3.715, rms 1.34

    5.5 – 54km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Saturday, May 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mwb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 17, 2014 09:28:16 PM
    Location (click for map) -56.2451°, -27.534°
    Depth 90km | 55.92mi
    Region 54km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 21, dmin 5.484, rms 0.68

    5.7 – Pacific-Antarctic Ridge

    Saturday, May 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 17, 2014 12:13:27 PM
    Location (click for map) -54.2473°, -146.6847°
    Depth 5km | 3.11mi
    Region Pacific-Antarctic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 17, dmin 28.123, rms 0.66

    5.6 – 82km WNW of Iquique, Chile

    Saturday, May 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 17, 2014 09:11:05 AM
    Location (click for map) -19.9874°, -70.8968°
    Depth 5.62km | 3.49mi
    Region 82km WNW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 51, dmin 0.825, rms 1.04

    5 – 87km W of Kuripan, Indonesia

    Friday, May 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 16, 2014 09:20:24 PM
    Location (click for map) -4.9819°, 102.9751°
    Depth 63.32km | 39.35mi
    Region 87km W of Kuripan, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 56, dmin 0.617, rms 0.7

    5.1 – Ascension Island region

    Friday, May 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 16, 2014 09:11:29 PM
    Location (click for map) -10.3964°, -13.2339°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Ascension Island region
    Parameters nst, gap 54, dmin 2.688, rms 0.65

    5.5 – 67km SSW of San Pedro de Atacama, Chile

    Friday, May 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 16, 2014 05:08:32 PM
    Location (click for map) -23.4456°, -68.5388°
    Depth 104.95km | 65.21mi
    Region 67km SSW of San Pedro de Atacama, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 24, dmin 0.888, rms 0.84

    5 – 118km NE of Grande Anse, Guadeloupe

    Friday, May 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 16, 2014 11:12:03 AM
    Location (click for map) 17.0993°, -60.3332°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 118km NE of Grande Anse, Guadeloupe
    Parameters nst, gap 37, dmin 1.042, rms 0.62

    5.9 – 115km NE of Grande Anse, Guadeloupe

    Friday, May 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 16, 2014 11:01:40 AM
    Location (click for map) 17.0863°, -60.3648°
    Depth 5.34km | 3.32mi
    Region 115km NE of Grande Anse, Guadeloupe
    Parameters nst, gap 27, dmin 1.012, rms 0.67

    5.5 – 98km E of Ile Hunter, New Caledonia

    Friday, May 16, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 16, 2014 12:40:15 AM
    Location (click for map) -22.5327°, 172.9979°
    Depth 9km | 5.59mi
    Region 98km E of Ile Hunter, New Caledonia
    Parameters nst, gap 37, dmin 6.086, rms 0.91

    5.1 – 16km NNW of Paijan, Peru

    Thursday, May 15, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 15, 2014 10:43:17 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.6028°, -79.3678°
    Depth 64.16km | 39.87mi
    Region 16km NNW of Paijan, Peru
    Parameters nst, gap 46, dmin 1.071, rms 0.83

    5 – 123km E of Hihifo, Tonga

    Thursday, May 15, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 15, 2014 04:33:04 PM
    Location (click for map) -15.8104°, -172.6018°
    Depth 9.42km | 5.85mi
    Region 123km E of Hihifo, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 40, dmin 2.051, rms 0.64

    6.3 – 51km WSW of Alim, Philippines

    Thursday, May 15, 2014

    Magnitude 6.3 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 15, 2014 10:16:42 AM
    Location (click for map) 9.3832°, 122.0604°
    Depth 15.46km | 9.61mi
    Region 51km WSW of Alim, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 15, dmin 4.172, rms 0.97

    6.3 – 106km SSE of Ifalik, Micronesia

    Thursday, May 15, 2014

    Magnitude 6.3 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 15, 2014 08:16:34 AM
    Location (click for map) 6.4264°, 144.9363°
    Depth 11km | 6.84mi
    Region 106km SSE of Ifalik, Micronesia
    Parameters nst, gap 10, dmin 7.118, rms 1.18

    6.1 – 103km SSE of Ifalik, Micronesia

    Wednesday, May 14, 2014

    Magnitude 6.1 (mww)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 14, 2014 08:56:13 PM
    Location (click for map) 6.4507°, 144.9238°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 103km SSE of Ifalik, Micronesia
    Parameters nst, gap 38, dmin 7.093, rms 0.81

    5.3 – 86km SE of Punta de Burica, Panama

    Wednesday, May 14, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mwc)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 14, 2014 09:46:14 AM
    Location (click for map) 7.3972°, -82.4067°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 86km SE of Punta de Burica, Panama
    Parameters nst, gap 63, dmin 3.088, rms 0.82

    5.2 – 111km WNW of Iquique, Chile

    Wednesday, May 14, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mww)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 14, 2014 05:51:47 AM
    Location (click for map) -19.7058°, -71.058°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 111km WNW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 99, dmin 0.887, rms 1.39

    5.2 – 72km SE of Punta de Burica, Panama

    Wednesday, May 14, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 14, 2014 05:28:24 AM
    Location (click for map) 7.6693°, -82.3239°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 72km SE of Punta de Burica, Panama
    Parameters nst, gap 56, dmin 2.874, rms 1.19

    5.6 – 76km W of Abra Pampa, Argentina

    Wednesday, May 14, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 14, 2014 03:38:21 AM
    Location (click for map) -22.7239°, -66.4407°
    Depth 213.12km | 132.43mi
    Region 76km W of Abra Pampa, Argentina
    Parameters nst, gap 23, dmin 2.284, rms 0.84

    5.3 – 133km ESE of Visokoi Island,

    Tuesday, May 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mwb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 13, 2014 02:40:53 PM
    Location (click for map) -56.9375°, -25.0594°
    Depth 9.7km | 6.03mi
    Region 133km ESE of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 53, dmin 6.998, rms 0.62

    5.2 – 62km SSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Tuesday, May 13, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 13, 2014 10:38:15 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.8435°, 155.2692°
    Depth 53.31km | 33.13mi
    Region 62km SSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 17, dmin 4.061, rms 1.11

    6.5 – 110km SE of Punta de Burica, Panama

    Tuesday, May 13, 2014

    Magnitude 6.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 13, 2014 06:35:24 AM
    Location (click for map) 7.2096°, -82.3045°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 110km SE of Punta de Burica, Panama
    Parameters nst, gap 33, dmin 3.121, rms 1.33

    5.1 – 5km W of Chiba-shi, Japan

    Monday, May 12, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, May 12, 2014 11:35:02 PM
    Location (click for map) 35.5972°, 140.0595°
    Depth 55.34km | 34.39mi
    Region 5km W of Chiba-shi, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 66, dmin 1.77, rms 1.16

    5.1 – Off the coast of Oregon

    Monday, May 12, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, May 12, 2014 06:51:00 PM
    Location (click for map) 43.7071°, -128.0971°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Off the coast of Oregon
    Parameters nst, gap 159, dmin 3.559, rms 0.6

    6.5 – Southern East Pacific Rise

    Monday, May 12, 2014

    Magnitude 6.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, May 12, 2014 06:38:36 PM
    Location (click for map) -49.9403°, -114.7995°
    Depth 10.47km | 6.51mi
    Region Southern East Pacific Rise
    Parameters nst, gap 35, dmin 23.164, rms 1.16

    5.1 – 67km S of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Monday, May 12, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, May 12, 2014 05:07:58 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.9214°, 155.3764°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 67km S of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 5.17, rms 0.83

    5.2 – Chagos Archipelago region

    Monday, May 12, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mwb)
    Date and Time Monday, May 12, 2014 03:36:02 AM
    Location (click for map) -4.9625°, 68.5205°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Chagos Archipelago region
    Parameters nst, gap 58, dmin 4.604, rms 1.04

    5.6 – 33km W of Sola, Vanuatu

    Sunday, May 11, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 11, 2014 08:42:30 PM
    Location (click for map) -13.8826°, 167.2398°
    Depth 189.08km | 117.49mi
    Region 33km W of Sola, Vanuatu
    Parameters nst, gap 27, dmin 8.179, rms 0.87

    5.1 – 58km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Sunday, May 11, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 11, 2014 03:32:22 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.5564°, 155.0147°
    Depth 49.72km | 30.89mi
    Region 58km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 18, dmin 5.662, rms 0.82

    5.3 – 101km SSE of Pondaguitan, Philippines

    Sunday, May 11, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 11, 2014 01:30:28 PM
    Location (click for map) 5.539°, 126.5806°
    Depth 61.46km | 38.19mi
    Region 101km SSE of Pondaguitan, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 46, dmin 1.817, rms 0.84

    5.8 – Southeast Indian Ridge

    Sunday, May 11, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 11, 2014 12:35:17 PM
    Location (click for map) -47.8539°, 99.689°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Southeast Indian Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 50, dmin 19.336, rms 1.18

    5.2 – Southeast Indian Ridge

    Sunday, May 11, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 11, 2014 12:34:58 PM
    Location (click for map) -47.7771°, 99.6741°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Southeast Indian Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 53, dmin 19.413, rms 1.4

    5.9 – 201km N of Madang, Papua New Guinea

    Sunday, May 11, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 11, 2014 01:10:15 AM
    Location (click for map) -3.4336°, 146.1109°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 201km N of Madang, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 25, dmin 5.476, rms 0.76

    5 – 241km SSW of `Ohonua, Tonga

    Saturday, May 10, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 10, 2014 07:25:39 PM
    Location (click for map) -23.4431°, -175.5462°
    Depth 14.41km | 8.95mi
    Region 241km SSW of `Ohonua, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 109, dmin 6.16, rms 0.79

    5.6 – 30km NNW of Anchor Point, Alaska

    Saturday, May 10, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (ml)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 10, 2014 02:16:09 PM
    Location (click for map) 60.0035°, -152.1323°
    Depth 91.1km | 56.61mi
    Region 30km NNW of Anchor Point, Alaska
    Parameters nst152, gap 39.5999968320002, dmin , rms 0.95

    6 – 14km WSW of Tecpan de Galeana, Mexico

    Saturday, May 10, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 10, 2014 07:36:01 AM
    Location (click for map) 17.2192°, -100.8122°
    Depth 23km | 14.29mi
    Region 14km WSW of Tecpan de Galeana, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 0.548, rms 1.3

    5.2 – 25km W of Labuhankananga, Indonesia

    Saturday, May 10, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 10, 2014 02:42:11 AM
    Location (click for map) -8.1326°, 117.5407°
    Depth 229.29km | 142.47mi
    Region 25km W of Labuhankananga, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 30, dmin 3.37, rms 0.95

    5.3 – Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Saturday, May 10, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 10, 2014 02:14:32 AM
    Location (click for map) -45.7416°, -12.4655°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 55, dmin 26.412, rms 0.83

    5.1 – 105km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Friday, May 9, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 9, 2014 09:51:07 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.0315°, 154.8564°
    Depth 33.17km | 20.61mi
    Region 105km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 29, dmin 5.577, rms 0.73

    5 – 230km S of `Ohonua, Tonga

    Friday, May 9, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 9, 2014 06:14:02 PM
    Location (click for map) -23.3991°, -175.2444°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 230km S of `Ohonua, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 46, dmin 6.3, rms 1.38

    5 – 7km SSE of Marihatag, Philippines

    Friday, May 9, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 9, 2014 12:54:53 PM
    Location (click for map) 8.7278°, 126.3116°
    Depth 82.06km | 50.99mi
    Region 7km SSE of Marihatag, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 83, dmin 1.8, rms 0.76

    5.9 – 155km NW of Pangai, Tonga

    Friday, May 9, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 9, 2014 10:32:22 AM
    Location (click for map) -18.9616°, -175.5359°
    Depth 192.3km | 119.49mi
    Region 155km NW of Pangai, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 17, dmin 5.307, rms 0.97

    5.4 – 23km E of Kalbay, Philippines

    Friday, May 9, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 9, 2014 05:44:27 AM
    Location (click for map) 5.6823°, 125.7098°
    Depth 132.48km | 82.32mi
    Region 23km E of Kalbay, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 30, dmin 1.384, rms 1.08

    6.4 – 6km WSW of Tecpan de Galeana, Mexico

    Thursday, May 8, 2014

    Magnitude 6.4 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 8, 2014 05:00:14 PM
    Location (click for map) 17.2349°, -100.7461°
    Depth 17.09km | 10.62mi
    Region 6km WSW of Tecpan de Galeana, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 55, dmin 0.494, rms 1.12

    5.2 – 116km S of Severo-Kuril’sk, Russia

    Thursday, May 8, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 8, 2014 03:52:47 PM
    Location (click for map) 49.6274°, 156.1519°
    Depth 56.83km | 35.31mi
    Region 116km S of Severo-Kuril’sk, Russia
    Parameters nst, gap 61, dmin 3.618, rms 0.76

    5.2 – 56km S of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea

    Thursday, May 8, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 8, 2014 11:46:04 AM
    Location (click for map) -4.8594°, 152.3091°
    Depth 64.97km | 40.37mi
    Region 56km S of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 25, dmin 0.679, rms 0.92

    5.3 – 111km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Wednesday, May 7, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mwc)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 7, 2014 04:45:00 AM
    Location (click for map) -7.0112°, 154.7597°
    Depth 18.75km | 11.65mi
    Region 111km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 27, dmin 3.81, rms 0.8

    6 – 96km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Wednesday, May 7, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mww)
    Date and Time Wednesday, May 7, 2014 04:20:33 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.9599°, 154.9011°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 96km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 17, dmin 3.871, rms 0.71

    6.3 – West Chile Rise

    Tuesday, May 6, 2014

    Magnitude 6.3 (mww)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 6, 2014 08:52:28 PM
    Location (click for map) -36.1703°, -97.054°
    Depth 16.83km | 10.46mi
    Region West Chile Rise
    Parameters nst, gap 26, dmin 13.799, rms 0.87

    5.1 – 68km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Tuesday, May 6, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 6, 2014 06:22:59 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.3247°, 154.8669°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 68km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 8.225, rms 1.23

    5.4 – 115km NE of Ndoi Island, Fiji

    Tuesday, May 6, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwc)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 6, 2014 04:32:06 AM
    Location (click for map) -20.0484°, -177.7942°
    Depth 547.61km | 340.27mi
    Region 115km NE of Ndoi Island, Fiji
    Parameters nst, gap 33, dmin 4.55, rms 0.72

    5 – 8km WSW of Mae Suai, Thailand

    Tuesday, May 6, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 6, 2014 12:58:20 AM
    Location (click for map) 19.6185°, 99.4702°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 8km WSW of Mae Suai, Thailand
    Parameters nst, gap 24, dmin 0.941, rms 1.19

    5 – 8km NE of Mae Suai, Thailand

    Tuesday, May 6, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, May 6, 2014 12:50:16 AM
    Location (click for map) 19.7013°, 99.6272°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 8km NE of Mae Suai, Thailand
    Parameters nst, gap 26, dmin 1.093, rms 0.93

    5.2 – 45km NE of Lakatoro, Vanuatu

    Monday, May 5, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, May 5, 2014 01:03:45 PM
    Location (click for map) -15.8817°, 167.7685°
    Depth 162.42km | 100.92mi
    Region 45km NE of Lakatoro, Vanuatu
    Parameters nst, gap 54, dmin 6.283, rms 0.78

    5.4 – 66km W of Iquique, Chile

    Monday, May 5, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, May 5, 2014 11:21:17 AM
    Location (click for map) -20.2139°, -70.7746°
    Depth 13.46km | 8.36mi
    Region 66km W of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 82, dmin 0.657, rms 0.84

    6.1 – 13km NNW of Phan, Thailand

    Monday, May 5, 2014

    Magnitude 6.1 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, May 5, 2014 11:08:43 AM
    Location (click for map) 19.6557°, 99.6696°
    Depth 6km | 3.73mi
    Region 13km NNW of Phan, Thailand
    Parameters nst, gap 18, dmin 1.081, rms 0.56

    5.3 – 37km SSW of Honiara, Solomon Islands

    Monday, May 5, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, May 5, 2014 02:24:52 AM
    Location (click for map) -9.75°, 159.8347°
    Depth 35.39km | 21.99mi
    Region 37km SSW of Honiara, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 54, dmin 0.328, rms 1.1

    5.4 – 166km NE of Arzak, China

    Sunday, May 4, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 4, 2014 08:23:31 PM
    Location (click for map) 40.606°, 77.6593°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 166km NE of Arzak, China
    Parameters nst, gap 61, dmin 1.555, rms 1.27

    6 – 31km E of Ito, Japan

    Sunday, May 4, 2014

    Magnitude 6 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 4, 2014 08:18:24 PM
    Location (click for map) 34.9118°, 139.4186°
    Depth 153km | 95.07mi
    Region 31km E of Ito, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 15, dmin 1.813, rms 0.95

    5.2 – South of the Fiji Islands

    Sunday, May 4, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 4, 2014 09:38:23 AM
    Location (click for map) -25.8482°, 178.2446°
    Depth 629.26km | 391mi
    Region South of the Fiji Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 23, dmin 4.794, rms 0.98

    6.3 – South of the Fiji Islands

    Sunday, May 4, 2014

    Magnitude 6.3 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 4, 2014 09:25:15 AM
    Location (click for map) -25.8072°, 178.2401°
    Depth 634.21km | 394.08mi
    Region South of the Fiji Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 20, dmin 4.826, rms 1.11

    6.6 – South of the Fiji Islands

    Sunday, May 4, 2014

    Magnitude 6.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 4, 2014 09:15:52 AM
    Location (click for map) -24.6108°, 179.0856°
    Depth 527km | 327.46mi
    Region South of the Fiji Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 19, dmin 5.329, rms 1.05

    5 – 179km SE of Sarangani, Philippines

    Sunday, May 4, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 4, 2014 08:53:56 AM
    Location (click for map) 4.2639°, 126.61°
    Depth 84.45km | 52.47mi
    Region 179km SE of Sarangani, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 63, dmin 2.97, rms 0.74

    5 – 89km WNW of Iquique, Chile

    Sunday, May 4, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, May 4, 2014 04:46:46 AM
    Location (click for map) -20.0387°, -70.979°
    Depth 10.38km | 6.45mi
    Region 89km WNW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 99, dmin 0.917, rms 0.95

    5.4 – 92km WSW of Onan Ganjang, Indonesia

    Saturday, May 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 3, 2014 02:47:04 PM
    Location (click for map) 1.8734°, 97.8773°
    Depth 43.42km | 26.98mi
    Region 92km WSW of Onan Ganjang, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 0.641, rms 0.97

    5.6 – 213km NNW of Farallon de Pajaros, Northern Mariana Islands

    Saturday, May 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 3, 2014 10:57:13 AM
    Location (click for map) 22.276°, 144.0124°
    Depth 89.55km | 55.64mi
    Region 213km NNW of Farallon de Pajaros, Northern Mariana Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 15, dmin 5.078, rms 0.8

    5.5 – 32km ENE of Noatak, Alaska

    Saturday, May 3, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, May 3, 2014 08:57:12 AM
    Location (click for map) 67.6302°, -162.2066°
    Depth 0.9km | 0.56mi
    Region 32km ENE of Noatak, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 1.16

    5.1 – 30km SE of Hidalgotitlan, Mexico

    Friday, May 2, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 2, 2014 07:08:22 PM
    Location (click for map) 17.5645°, -94.4647°
    Depth 148.03km | 91.98mi
    Region 30km SE of Hidalgotitlan, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 51, dmin 0.468, rms 0.98

    5 – 106km ESE of Hihifo, Tonga

    Friday, May 2, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 2, 2014 06:10:33 PM
    Location (click for map) -16.2889°, -172.8206°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 106km ESE of Hihifo, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 58, dmin 3.91, rms 1.04

    5.6 – 258km SE of Kamaishi, Japan

    Friday, May 2, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 2, 2014 09:15:20 AM
    Location (click for map) 37.852°, 144.2342°
    Depth 15.97km | 9.92mi
    Region 258km SE of Kamaishi, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 17, dmin 4.239, rms 0.67

    5.7 – 70km SSE of Namlea, Indonesia

    Friday, May 2, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, May 2, 2014 08:43:36 AM
    Location (click for map) -3.8148°, 127.4008°
    Depth 46.58km | 28.94mi
    Region 70km SSE of Namlea, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 23, dmin 4.555, rms 1.01

    5.6 – 149km W of Neiafu, Tonga

    Friday, May 2, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mwb)
    Date and Time Friday, May 2, 2014 07:46:04 AM
    Location (click for map) -18.6007°, -175.3952°
    Depth 13km | 8.08mi
    Region 149km W of Neiafu, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 50, dmin 5.2, rms 0.94

    5.3 – Palau region

    Thursday, May 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 1, 2014 03:21:13 PM
    Location (click for map) 6.5114°, 130.1431°
    Depth 6.51km | 4.05mi
    Region Palau region
    Parameters nst, gap 15, dmin 4.488, rms 0.77

    5.9 – 76km WSW of Onan Ganjang, Indonesia

    Thursday, May 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 1, 2014 02:35:37 PM
    Location (click for map) 1.9623°, 97.9671°
    Depth 37km | 22.99mi
    Region 76km WSW of Onan Ganjang, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 26, dmin 0.762, rms 0.99

    5.2 – 109km SSE of Lata, Solomon Islands

    Thursday, May 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 1, 2014 11:11:39 AM
    Location (click for map) -11.5852°, 166.3221°
    Depth 63.15km | 39.24mi
    Region 109km SSE of Lata, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 6.621, rms 0.94

    5.4 – West Chile Rise

    Thursday, May 1, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwc)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 1, 2014 10:12:37 AM
    Location (click for map) -41.4148°, -88.9074°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region West Chile Rise
    Parameters nst, gap 80, dmin 13.87, rms 1.18

    6.6 – 204km WNW of Ile Hunter, New Caledonia

    Thursday, May 1, 2014

    Magnitude 6.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, May 1, 2014 06:36:35 AM
    Location (click for map) -21.4542°, 170.3546°
    Depth 106km | 65.87mi
    Region 204km WNW of Ile Hunter, New Caledonia
    Parameters nst, gap 10, dmin 3.34, rms 0.89

     

    April 2014

    5.1 – 36km NNW of Valparaiso, Chile

    Wednesday, April 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 30, 2014 06:00:55 PM
    Location (click for map) -32.723°, -71.746°
    Depth 21.3km | 13.24mi
    Region 36km NNW of Valparaiso, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 1.11

    5.7 – North of Ascension Island

    Wednesday, April 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mwb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 30, 2014 03:52:40 PM
    Location (click for map) -1.1669°, -13.4579°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region North of Ascension Island
    Parameters nst, gap 42, dmin 6.695, rms 1.15

    5 – 61km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Wednesday, April 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 30, 2014 03:05:14 PM
    Location (click for map) -56.1626°, -27.4225°
    Depth 107.93km | 67.06mi
    Region 61km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 45, dmin 5.52, rms 0.55

    5 – 80km SSE of Punta de Burica, Panama

    Wednesday, April 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 30, 2014 09:52:16 AM
    Location (click for map) 7.3189°, -82.71°
    Depth 40.44km | 25.13mi
    Region 80km SSE of Punta de Burica, Panama
    Parameters nst, gap 33, dmin 3.004, rms 0.93

    5.3 – 70km ENE of Hami, China

    Wednesday, April 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 30, 2014 06:20:55 AM
    Location (click for map) 43.0264°, 94.2631°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 70km ENE of Hami, China
    Parameters nst, gap 46, dmin 4.841, rms 0.84

    5.2 – 173km S of L’Esperance Rock, New Zealand

    Wednesday, April 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 30, 2014 05:21:14 AM
    Location (click for map) -32.9965°, -178.8597°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 173km S of L’Esperance Rock, New Zealand
    Parameters nst, gap 58, dmin 3.823, rms 1.42

    5.3 – 226km SSW of `Ohonua, Tonga

    Wednesday, April 30, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 30, 2014 03:36:20 AM
    Location (click for map) -23.2719°, -175.6629°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 226km SSW of `Ohonua, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 48, dmin 6.286, rms 0.93

    5.1 – 197km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Tuesday, April 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, April 29, 2014 05:52:42 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.2619°, 153.9656°
    Depth 45.1km | 28.02mi
    Region 197km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 17, dmin 3.538, rms 0.85

    5 – 47km E of Luganville, Vanuatu

    Tuesday, April 29, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Tuesday, April 29, 2014 04:11:17 PM
    Location (click for map) -15.5047°, 167.6114°
    Depth 155.65km | 96.72mi
    Region 47km E of Luganville, Vanuatu
    Parameters nst, gap 34, dmin 6.624, rms 0.81

    5.3 – Southwest Indian Ridge

    Monday, April 28, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 28, 2014 12:43:52 PM
    Location (click for map) -32.0973°, 57.0753°
    Depth 15.66km | 9.73mi
    Region Southwest Indian Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 59, dmin 10.947, rms 0.54

    5.4 – 145km NNW of Burgos, Philippines

    Monday, April 28, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 28, 2014 12:43:50 AM
    Location (click for map) 19.7066°, 120.0732°
    Depth 6km | 3.73mi
    Region 145km NNW of Burgos, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 19, dmin 2.173, rms 0.81

    5.2 – 174km WSW of Tual, Indonesia

    Sunday, April 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 27, 2014 04:23:05 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.2076°, 131.2688°
    Depth 79.27km | 49.26mi
    Region 174km WSW of Tual, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 37, dmin 1.763, rms 0.91

    5.1 – 88km NE of Kurumkan, Russia

    Sunday, April 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 27, 2014 03:13:54 PM
    Location (click for map) 54.8748°, 111.2545°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 88km NE of Kurumkan, Russia
    Parameters nst, gap 30, dmin 5.574, rms 0.57

    5.2 – 53km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Sunday, April 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 27, 2014 01:49:08 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.6668°, 155.1551°
    Depth 52.45km | 32.59mi
    Region 53km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 15, dmin 5.486, rms 0.77

    5.1 – 207km WNW of Da Qaidam Hu, China

    Sunday, April 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 27, 2014 01:36:20 PM
    Location (click for map) 38.4094°, 93.0355°
    Depth 17.11km | 10.63mi
    Region 207km WNW of Da Qaidam Hu, China
    Parameters nst, gap 35, dmin 6.732, rms 0.54

    5.1 – Pacific-Antarctic Ridge

    Sunday, April 27, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 27, 2014 12:59:51 AM
    Location (click for map) -56.1052°, -143.6632°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Pacific-Antarctic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 55, dmin 28.445, rms 1.01

    5 – 106km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 26, 2014 04:03:50 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.0012°, 154.8127°
    Depth 35.64km | 22.15mi
    Region 106km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 53, dmin 3.839, rms 1.14

    5 – Kuril Islands

    Saturday, April 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 26, 2014 01:55:55 PM
    Location (click for map) 48.511°, 153.2069°
    Depth 132.05km | 82.05mi
    Region Kuril Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 92, dmin 5.411, rms 0.73

    5 – 36km SSW of Ocos, Guatemala

    Saturday, April 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 26, 2014 01:33:21 PM
    Location (click for map) 14.2189°, -92.3533°
    Depth 73.79km | 45.85mi
    Region 36km SSW of Ocos, Guatemala
    Parameters nst, gap 159, dmin 0.704, rms 1.44

    6.1 – 66km NE of Nuku`alofa, Tonga

    Saturday, April 26, 2014

    Magnitude 6.1 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 26, 2014 06:02:21 AM
    Location (click for map) -20.752°, -174.7068°
    Depth 45km | 27.96mi
    Region 66km NE of Nuku`alofa, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 21, dmin 7.357, rms 0.86

    5.1 – Greenland Sea

    Saturday, April 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 26, 2014 03:55:33 AM
    Location (click for map) 73.5211°, 8.1028°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Greenland Sea
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 5.095, rms 0.73

    5.7 – Pacific-Antarctic Ridge

    Saturday, April 26, 2014

    Magnitude 5.7 (mwc)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 26, 2014 02:33:35 AM
    Location (click for map) -56.3998°, -143.7774°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Pacific-Antarctic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 53, dmin 28.147, rms 1.31

    5 – 26km NW of Kish, Iran

    Friday, April 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, April 25, 2014 08:59:47 PM
    Location (click for map) 26.7507°, 53.8664°
    Depth 11.16km | 6.93mi
    Region 26km NW of Kish, Iran
    Parameters nst, gap 30, dmin 2.769, rms 0.87

    5 – 109km NNE of Lae, Papua New Guinea

    Friday, April 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, April 25, 2014 06:03:09 PM
    Location (click for map) -5.7576°, 147.199°
    Depth 131.27km | 81.57mi
    Region 109km NNE of Lae, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 18, dmin 3.623, rms 1

    5.4 – 277km SSE of Sigave, Wallis and Futuna

    Friday, April 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwc)
    Date and Time Friday, April 25, 2014 08:41:58 AM
    Location (click for map) -16.7058°, -177.4306°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 277km SSE of Sigave, Wallis and Futuna
    Parameters nst, gap 103, dmin 4.438, rms 1.46

    5.1 – 158km NNE of Neiafu, Tonga

    Friday, April 25, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, April 25, 2014 04:36:59 AM
    Location (click for map) -17.3756°, -173.3106°
    Depth 20.62km | 12.81mi
    Region 158km NNE of Neiafu, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 53, dmin 3.633, rms 0.78

    5.9 – South of the Fiji Islands

    Thursday, April 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, April 24, 2014 07:51:58 PM
    Location (click for map) -24.0058°, -176.6671°
    Depth 63.11km | 39.21mi
    Region South of the Fiji Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 35, dmin 5.338, rms 1.01

    5.4 – 73km SSE of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands

    Thursday, April 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, April 24, 2014 12:46:09 PM
    Location (click for map) -59.6641°, -26.1414°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 73km SSE of Bristol Island, South Sandwich Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 34, dmin 7.807, rms 0.87

    5.1 – 90km WNW of Iquique, Chile

    Thursday, April 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, April 24, 2014 10:26:47 AM
    Location (click for map) -19.9896°, -70.9706°
    Depth 10.52km | 6.54mi
    Region 90km WNW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 96, dmin 0.888, rms 1.43

    5 – 103km N of Constitucion, Chile

    Thursday, April 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, April 24, 2014 10:07:03 AM
    Location (click for map) -34.4089°, -72.535°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 103km N of Constitucion, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 77, dmin 0.779, rms 0.98

    6.5 – 120km S of Port Hardy, Canada

    Thursday, April 24, 2014

    Magnitude 6.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, April 24, 2014 03:10:10 AM
    Location (click for map) 49.6388°, -127.7316°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 120km S of Port Hardy, Canada
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0.85

    5 – 22km SW of Lata, Solomon Islands

    Thursday, April 24, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, April 24, 2014 02:17:31 AM
    Location (click for map) -10.8446°, 165.677°
    Depth 63.92km | 39.72mi
    Region 22km SW of Lata, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 31, dmin 5.811, rms 0.71

    5 – 96km S of Naze, Japan

    Wednesday, April 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 23, 2014 10:25:06 PM
    Location (click for map) 27.4962°, 129.3945°
    Depth 43.43km | 26.99mi
    Region 96km S of Naze, Japan
    Parameters nst, gap 109, dmin 1.196, rms 1.24

    5.1 – Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Wednesday, April 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 23, 2014 06:21:09 PM
    Location (click for map) 14.8536°, -45.0172°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 34, dmin 12.255, rms 0.88

    5 – 159km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Wednesday, April 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 23, 2014 02:20:47 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.4981°, 154.6582°
    Depth 7.09km | 4.41mi
    Region 159km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 50, dmin 4.117, rms 0.79

    5 – 160km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Wednesday, April 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 23, 2014 08:58:39 AM
    Location (click for map) -7.5056°, 154.6577°
    Depth 43.53km | 27.05mi
    Region 160km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 57, dmin 4.122, rms 0.91

    5.3 – 105km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Wednesday, April 23, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Wednesday, April 23, 2014 05:40:01 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.6331°, 154.5841°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 105km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 17, dmin 3.419, rms 0.9

    5.6 – 88km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mwb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 09:59:01 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.6311°, 154.7467°
    Depth 13.93km | 8.66mi
    Region 88km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 17, dmin 3.533, rms 0.9

    5.3 – 140km ESE of Pangai, Tonga

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 09:41:28 PM
    Location (click for map) -20.1363°, -173.0538°
    Depth 27.73km | 17.23mi
    Region 140km ESE of Pangai, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 42, dmin 6.311, rms 1.17

    5.4 – 47km WSW of Fuerte, Philippines

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mwb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 08:45:21 PM
    Location (click for map) 17.3775°, 119.9499°
    Depth 9.48km | 5.89mi
    Region 47km WSW of Fuerte, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 18, dmin 0.512, rms 0.86

    5.3 – 106km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 02:57:55 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.9756°, 154.7793°
    Depth 40.29km | 25.04mi
    Region 106km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 45, dmin 3.798, rms 0.88

    5.4 – 47km E of Adak, Alaska

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 02:02:15 PM
    Location (click for map) 51.844°, -175.9782°
    Depth 54.15km | 33.65mi
    Region 47km E of Adak, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap 37, dmin 0.146, rms 0.77

    5.3 – 114km NW of Iquique, Chile

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 01:39:05 PM
    Location (click for map) -19.6254°, -71.0423°
    Depth 16.81km | 10.45mi
    Region 114km NW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 80, dmin 0.867, rms 0.91

    5.2 – 118km ESE of Pangai, Tonga

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 01:37:10 PM
    Location (click for map) -20.1261°, -173.2676°
    Depth 25.03km | 15.55mi
    Region 118km ESE of Pangai, Tonga
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 3.317, rms 0.79

    5.1 – Off the west coast of northern Sumatra

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 12:34:09 PM
    Location (click for map) 4.0249°, 91.598°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Off the west coast of northern Sumatra
    Parameters nst, gap 63, dmin 5.464, rms 0.56

    5.1 – 117km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 11:25:29 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.2279°, 154.428°
    Depth 59.58km | 37.02mi
    Region 117km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 21, dmin 3.029, rms 0.56

    5.6 – 116km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 09:04:21 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.2237°, 154.4348°
    Depth 27km | 16.78mi
    Region 116km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 17, dmin 3.031, rms 0.86

    5 – Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 03:21:23 AM
    Location (click for map) -28.2525°, -12.7895°
    Depth 8.89km | 5.52mi
    Region Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Parameters nst, gap 59, dmin 13.861, rms 0.9

    5 – 108km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Monday, April 21, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Monday, April 21, 2014 02:31:36 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.7603°, 154.6147°
    Depth 35.85km | 22.28mi
    Region 108km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 3.53, rms 0.94

    5 – 277km WSW of Merizo Village, Guam

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 03:55:34 PM
    Location (click for map) 11.9465°, 142.4972°
    Depth 46.45km | 28.86mi
    Region 277km WSW of Merizo Village, Guam
    Parameters nst, gap 64, dmin 2.831, rms 0.66

    5.3 – 295km E of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Russia

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 01:50:42 PM
    Location (click for map) 53.1204°, 163.0498°
    Depth 43.68km | 27.14mi
    Region 295km E of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Russia
    Parameters nst, gap 41, dmin 2.656, rms 0.84

    5.1 – 109km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 01:28:42 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.8679°, 154.6672°
    Depth 54.76km | 34.03mi
    Region 109km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 46, dmin 3.644, rms 0.84

    5 – 50km W of Kandrian, Papua New Guinea

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 08:56:37 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.1519°, 149.1005°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 50km W of Kandrian, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 45, dmin 3.619, rms 0.77

    5.4 – 127km SW of Padangsidempuan, Indonesia

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 08:43:51 AM
    Location (click for map) 0.6258°, 98.3891°
    Depth 43.07km | 26.76mi
    Region 127km SW of Padangsidempuan, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 22, dmin 1.056, rms 1.08

    5 – 90km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 08:24:28 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.479°, 154.6798°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 90km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 29, dmin 3.382, rms 0.76

    5 – 70km SSW of Kirakira, Solomon Islands

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 07:45:43 AM
    Location (click for map) -11.0021°, 161.5968°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 70km SSW of Kirakira, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 25, dmin 2.247, rms 0.58

    5 – 124km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 04:23:11 AM
    Location (click for map) -7.0098°, 154.5985°
    Depth 27.31km | 16.97mi
    Region 124km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 40, dmin 3.703, rms 0.69

    5.8 – 118km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 04:17:31 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.832°, 154.546°
    Depth 11km | 6.84mi
    Region 118km WSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 49, dmin 3.536, rms 1.01

    5.9 – Southern East Pacific Rise

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.9 (mwc)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 01:54:11 AM
    Location (click for map) -26.5546°, -115.0222°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region Southern East Pacific Rise
    Parameters nst, gap 39, dmin 5.113, rms 0.89

    6.2 – 95km S of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 6.2 (mww)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 12:15:58 AM
    Location (click for map) -7.1646°, 155.3351°
    Depth 20km | 12.43mi
    Region 95km S of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 16, dmin 4.322, rms 0.79

    5.2 – 88km SSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Sunday, April 20, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Sunday, April 20, 2014 12:10:45 AM
    Location (click for map) -7.0548°, 155.18°
    Depth 27.65km | 17.18mi
    Region 88km SSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 30, dmin 4.135, rms 1.15

    5.5 – 89km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.5 (mwc)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 11:06:17 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.9778°, 155.0116°
    Depth 40.63km | 25.25mi
    Region 89km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 19, dmin 3.961, rms 0.99

    5.8 – 83km WNW of Iquique, Chile

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 08:54:42 PM
    Location (click for map) -20.0283°, -70.9196°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 83km WNW of Iquique, Chile
    Parameters nst, gap 80, dmin 0.863, rms 0.92

    5 – 53km E of Stoney Ground, Anguilla

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mwr)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 07:31:34 PM
    Location (click for map) 17.992°, -62.4482°
    Depth 53.29km | 33.11mi
    Region 53km E of Stoney Ground, Anguilla
    Parameters nst, gap 18, dmin 0.598, rms 0.69

    5.1 – 121km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 06:11:22 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.147°, 154.7698°
    Depth 44.08km | 27.39mi
    Region 121km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 45, dmin 3.917, rms 0.89

    5.3 – 111km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 05:55:21 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.0942°, 154.8502°
    Depth 40.64km | 25.25mi
    Region 111km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 3.932, rms 0.95

    5.3 – 102km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 05:45:12 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.0364°, 154.9059°
    Depth 46.26km | 28.74mi
    Region 102km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 3.929, rms 0.82

    5 – 62km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 05:19:50 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.397°, 154.9254°
    Depth 82.39km | 51.19mi
    Region 62km W of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 33, dmin 3.516, rms 0.79

    5.2 – 117km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 04:56:13 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.9127°, 154.6101°
    Depth 37.71km | 23.43mi
    Region 117km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 39, dmin 3.638, rms 0.96

    5.2 – 95km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 04:49:38 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.9685°, 154.9201°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 95km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 44, dmin 8.054, rms 1.17

    5 – 117km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 04:41:43 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.1144°, 154.7785°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 117km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 63, dmin 3.899, rms 1.4

    5 – 11km SSE of Petatlan, Mexico

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 02:58:16 PM
    Location (click for map) 17.4238°, -101.2141°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 11km SSE of Petatlan, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 99, dmin 2.211, rms 1.09

    5.1 – 86km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 01:53:51 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.8146°, 154.8799°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 86km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 73, dmin 3.755, rms 0.87

    5.1 – 55km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 01:53:10 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.6005°, 155.0696°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 55km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 111, dmin 3.754, rms 1.49

    5.6 – 102km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 01:47:47 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.9524°, 154.8133°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 102km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 31, dmin 5.65, rms 1.13

    5 – 126km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 01:46:15 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.0169°, 154.5823°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 126km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 113, dmin 5.83, rms 1.14

    5.8 – 115km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 01:31:54 PM
    Location (click for map) -7.0167°, 154.7155°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 115km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 87, dmin 18.578, rms 1.04

    7.5 – 70km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 7.5 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 01:28:00 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.7547°, 155.0241°
    Depth 43.37km | 26.95mi
    Region 70km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 16, dmin 3.82, rms 1.25

    5.2 – 64km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 01:21:17 PM
    Location (click for map) -6.7322°, 155.2107°
    Depth 35km | 21.75mi
    Region 64km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 28, dmin 3.946, rms 0.91

    5.2 – 70km SSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 01:08:29 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.9068°, 155.2466°
    Depth 25.29km | 15.71mi
    Region 70km SSW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 184, dmin 4.085, rms 0.68

    6.6 – 57km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea

    Saturday, April 19, 2014

    Magnitude 6.6 (mww)
    Date and Time Saturday, April 19, 2014 01:04:03 AM
    Location (click for map) -6.6558°, 155.0869°
    Depth 29km | 18.02mi
    Region 57km SW of Panguna, Papua New Guinea
    Parameters nst, gap 11, dmin 3.803, rms 0.94

    5.8 – Balleny Islands region

    Friday, April 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.8 (mwc)
    Date and Time Friday, April 18, 2014 07:05:04 PM
    Location (click for map) -62.7789°, 155.5194°
    Depth 9.59km | 5.96mi
    Region Balleny Islands region
    Parameters nst, gap 38, dmin 8.494, rms 1

    5.3 – 18km NE of Noatak, Alaska

    Friday, April 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (ml)
    Date and Time Friday, April 18, 2014 06:56:46 PM
    Location (click for map) 67.7734°, -162.6741°
    Depth 33km | 20.51mi
    Region 18km NE of Noatak, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0.72

    5.6 – 20km NE of Noatak, Alaska

    Friday, April 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.6 (ml)
    Date and Time Friday, April 18, 2014 06:44:18 PM
    Location (click for map) 67.7185°, -162.6679°
    Depth 23.4km | 14.54mi
    Region 20km NE of Noatak, Alaska
    Parameters nst, gap , dmin , rms 0.8

    5 – 127km S of Wonosari, Indonesia

    Friday, April 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, April 18, 2014 03:07:10 PM
    Location (click for map) -9.1005°, 110.4197°
    Depth 36.93km | 22.95mi
    Region 127km S of Wonosari, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 73, dmin 1.184, rms 1.31

    7.2 – Guerrero, Mexico

    Friday, April 18, 2014

    Magnitude 7.2 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, April 18, 2014 02:27:24 PM
    Location (click for map) 17.397°, -100.9723°
    Depth 24km | 14.91mi
    Region Guerrero, Mexico
    Parameters nst, gap 46, dmin 2.25, rms 1.2

    5.3 – 122km S of Bambanglipuro, Indonesia

    Friday, April 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.3 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, April 18, 2014 01:33:36 PM
    Location (click for map) -9.0559°, 110.3444°
    Depth 15.37km | 9.55mi
    Region 122km S of Bambanglipuro, Indonesia
    Parameters nst, gap 26, dmin 2.913, rms 1.25

    5.2 – 37km WSW of Quimili, Argentina

    Friday, April 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, April 18, 2014 07:46:57 AM
    Location (click for map) -27.7456°, -62.7797°
    Depth 609.68km | 378.84mi
    Region 37km WSW of Quimili, Argentina
    Parameters nst, gap 26, dmin 5.059, rms 0.77

    5.1 – 124km WSW of Lata, Solomon Islands

    Friday, April 18, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Friday, April 18, 2014 07:30:14 AM
    Location (click for map) -11.186°, 164.798°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 124km WSW of Lata, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 42, dmin 5.078, rms 0.79

    6.1 – 120km WSW of Lata, Solomon Islands

    Friday, April 18, 2014

    Magnitude 6.1 (mww)
    Date and Time Friday, April 18, 2014 04:13:12 AM
    Location (click for map) -11.1387°, 164.8139°
    Depth 10km | 6.21mi
    Region 120km WSW of Lata, Solomon Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 19, dmin 5.078, rms 0.78

    5.4 – 145km NNW of Visokoi Island,

    Thursday, April 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5.4 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, April 17, 2014 11:13:02 PM
    Location (click for map) -55.5415°, -28.2822°
    Depth 13.44km | 8.35mi
    Region 145km NNW of Visokoi Island,
    Parameters nst, gap 45, dmin 4.899, rms 0.56

    5.1 – Kuril Islands

    Thursday, April 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5.1 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, April 17, 2014 10:59:50 PM
    Location (click for map) 46.8033°, 153.3103°
    Depth 39.22km | 24.37mi
    Region Kuril Islands
    Parameters nst, gap 60, dmin 6.916, rms 0.74

    5.2 – 167km W of Sabtang, Philippines

    Thursday, April 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, April 17, 2014 03:47:02 PM
    Location (click for map) 20.2667°, 120.2679°
    Depth 12.08km | 7.51mi
    Region 167km W of Sabtang, Philippines
    Parameters nst, gap 26, dmin 2.648, rms 0.99

    5.2 – Balleny Islands region

    Thursday, April 17, 2014

    Magnitude 5.2 (mb)
    Date and Time Thursday, April 17, 2014 03:11:01 PM
    Location (click for map) -62.8205°, 155.7225°
    Depth 11.45km | 7.11mi
    Region Balleny Islands region
    Parameters nst, gap 47, dmin 8.514, rms 0.85

    6.2 – Balleny Islands region

    Thursday, April 17, 2014

    Magnitude 6.2 (mww)
    Date and Time Thursday, April 17, 2014 03:06:51 PM
    Location (click for map) -62.8705°, 155.7431°
    Dep