Healthier Lifestyle: more than a simple decision
By: Luca Perolli
Today’s world is more and more about health and self-care. Most of the people look for several ways to genuinely lose weight, prevent disease, and live longer. The truth is that a healthy lifestyle is a radical change. Eating less and doing sports is just the beginning. It is important that each person is aware of the importance behind choosing healthier lifestyles such as not to abuse the consumption of alcohol, no smoking, practice physical activity, etc.., all complementary factors for our well-being! In fact, health education is not limited to considering only the nutritional aspect, but includes any activity that has as its objective in the development of correct behaviors and aware individuals.
A healthy balanced diet provides variety of food, and the presence of all the nutrients required by the body to maintain good health (protein, minerals and vitamins, carbohydrates, fats). The quantity and quality of food to be taken each day varies from person to person depending on age, sex and type of activity. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and an adequate content of cereals and vegetables protects the body from the onset of various diseases, especially certain types of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Fruits, vegetables and legumes, in fact, have protective effects as antioxidant, slowing the aging process and the reactions which cause various types of cancer.
Physical activity reduces the risk factors for many diseases because it helps to balance blood pressure and cholesterol. It also helps to control weight gain and preventing obesity. The reason is simple: muscle movement contributes daily to burn sugars, fats and proteins introduced with food.
Exercise, finally, promotes psychological well-being by reducing anxiety, depression and loneliness.
Cardiovascular diseases are the most frequent cause of disability and mortality in the adult population, with myocardial infarction in first place followed by stroke. These diseases affect the circulatory system and can affect the heart, i.e. the main organ of the body, and the blood vessels (arteries and veins) which are a network of channels that allows blood to circulate throughout the body. The arteries supplying oxygen-rich blood and nutrients from the heart to the various organs, veins return to the heart blood filled with carbon dioxide and waste products. The blood vessels, including the coronaries (small arteries that give nourishment to the heart), over the years can undergo degeneration in their structure and in their size, due to the buildup of fatty substances within the jar that it restricts the diameter or loss of elasticity of the walls. These changes reduce the functionality of blood vessels and lead to a reduction in blood flow within them and a resulting lack of nourishment and oxygen to the tissues. This causes suffering and serious damage to the various principal organs, especially the heart and to the brain. The blood vessel degeneration can be avoided, slowing or reducing hair loss prevention measures adopted.
It is never too late to change. Considering these simple suggestions will allow us to live better in relation to our bodies and to other people. Health is something we cannot purchase, but that we can achieve and earn every single day.