Krill Oil and More – The Essential Nutrition Guide

There is no question about it: Krill oil good nutrition is important to a person’s life and ability to function. Energy is one of the reasons that it is important to have good nutrition. Good nutrition also provides a person with raw materials such as protein that is developed into necessary amino acids and, vitamins and minerals which allow chemical reactions to occur more efficiently in the body.

Nutrients

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are a big part of foods such as bread, noodles, rice and other forms of grain-based foods. Carbohydrates can be grouped in one of three ways. They can be organized as polysaccharides, disaccharides and monosaccharides. This classification relies mainly on the quantity of sugar or monomer units that they possess. Monosaccharides feature one sugar unit, disaccharides feature two sugar units, and polysaccharides have three units of sugar. Some kinds of simple carbohydrates are slowly digested, but many complex carbohydrates can be digested by the body at the same rate as the simple carbohydrates.

  • Carbs: This website features information on what foods provide one with carbohydrates.

  • Carbohydrate Types: Information on the three main types of carbohydrates.

  • Carbohydrates Fuel Your Brain: Information on a variety of carbohydrate topics and how they relate to brain power.

Fats

Just one molecule of dietary fat is composed of glycerol bonded to numerous fatty acids. These fatty acids feature long chains of hydrogen as well as carbon atoms. They are usually found in the form of triglycerides, which is made up of one glycerol backbone that is connected to three fatty acids. Based on the detailed format of the fatty acids that are involved, fat might be termed either saturated or unsaturated. Saturated fats feature all of their fatty acid chains’ carbon atoms bonded with hydrogen atoms while unsaturated fats feature some carbon atoms that are double-bonded.

Minerals

All living things need minerals which are elements other than oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and carbon. Some minerals are heavier than the four elements cited. For instance, there are several minerals that frequently occur as ions in the human body. Certain dietitians suggest that these minerals are supplied by way of foods that have the necessary minerals occurring naturally in them. Alternatively, some minerals are often added to one’s diets in a supplementary manner.

Proteins

The basis of many animal structures, such as hair, skin, and muscles is made from protein. Proteins are also used to make the enzymes that are the basis for the various chemical reactions in the body. Every molecule of protein is made up of amino acids that are typified by the inclusion of sulfur as well as nitrogen. Amino acids are vital to the body because they are integral in the production of new protein and the replenishment of deteriorated proteins. Amino acids have to be present in one’s diet to be taken into the body.

Vitamins

Some types of vitamins are regarded as essential nutrients that are required for good health. If people are deficient in vitamins, they are liable to developing any number of diseases. For example, vitamin deficiency may lead to osteoporosis, scurvy and goiter. Conversely, excessive levels of vitamins can be harmful to health, too, such as when vitamin A levels are too great.

Water

It is vital to replenish water by way of hydration because it is frequently excreted from the body in a number of ways. Some examples are through urine, sweat, defecation and even in the water vapor which accompanies your breath. The most common belief is that a person needs between six and eight glasses of water a day to maintain sufficient hydration. However, this cannot be proven. However, drinking unsatisfactory amounts of water can be hazardous.

  • Water and Fluid Needs: Resources that cover the water and fluid needs for consumers.

  • Health Benefits of Water: Article that covers how much water you should drink daily and the benefits that come from drinking water.

Malnutrition

Causes

Some of the main causes of malnutrition are high poverty and food prices, dietary practices and also agricultural productivity. At times, malnutrition can even be caused by a combination of the three, preceding causes. Other health issues can also cause malnutrition, such as chronic illnesses or diarrheal diseases. Even developed countries have seen a problem with clinical malnutrition.

Effects

Malnutrition is the biggest contributor to worldwide mortality, at least based on stats from 2006 and from the UN’s Jean Ziegler. According to Ziegler, in 2006, 58 percent of all deaths across the world occurred due to malnutrition. Malnutrition also causes psychological harm through iodine deficiency. Cancer is linked to malnutrition, as people in developing countries get cancers of the stomach due to eating preserved, carcinogenic foods like smoked or salted foods. Metabolic syndrome and hyponatremia round out just some of the effects of malnutrition.

Nutrients

Deficiency

Excess

Simple Carbohydrates

Diabetes Mellitus, Obesity, Cardiovascular disease

Protein

Kwashiorkor

Rabbit starvation, Ketoacidosis

Trans Fat

Obesity, Cardiovascular Disease

Vitamin A

Night Blindness and Xerophthalmia

Hair loss and Cirrhosis

Vitamin B12

Pernicious anemia

Vitamin C

Scurvy

Diarrhea

Vitamin D

Rickets

Dehydration, Vomiting, Constipation

Calcium

Osteoporosis, Tetany, Cardiac Arrhythmias

Fatigues, Depression, Kidney Stones

Sodium

Hyponatremia

Hypernatremia, hypertension

Iron

Anemia

Cirrhosis, Hepatitis C, heart disease

Epidemiology

In 2010 alone, there were 925 million people across the world who endured malnutrition. This figure amounts to a surge of 80 million more malnourished people only since 1990. However, there is cause for great hope because the number of malnourished people in the developing world has fallen over the last 40 years. For instance, 1970 had 37 percent of the developing world as malnourished, yet by 2007, this percentage had fallen to only17 percent. Still, in the present day, a good number of countries still feature millions of people who are classified as undernourished. For example, India and China each have more than 100 million people who are undernourished.

Additional Malnutrition Resources

  • Malnutrition Explained: This website explains different aspects of malnutrition.

  • Africa: This website features information on the rampant malnutrition in Africa.

  • The Elderly: This website looks at the effects of malnutrition on old people.

  • World Malnutrition: This website analyses the factors of global malnutrition.

Government Nutrition Resources

  • All About Nutrition: This website from the government offers a host of nutritional information.

  • Nutritional Information: This website offers information on healthy eating.

  • Medline: Nutrition: This website provides details on what good nutrition is.

  • Nutritional Center: This website acts as a center for all kinds of nutritional and food information.

  • CDC: Nutrition: This website from the CDC talks about eating correctly.

Additional Nutrition and Diet Tools

  • Tool for Analysis: This website provides visitors with a tool to plot out their diets.

  • Health Articles: This website provides visitors with a host of nutrition-related articles.

  • Quiz Time: This website offers a quiz to determine if one’s diet is the real thing or not.

  • Understanding Food Labels: This website offers advice on reading food labels right.

  • Diet Quiz: This website provides another diet quiz.

  • Self-Analysis: This website features a way that one can assess his or her levels of fitness.

  • Tracker: This website features an online physical activity tool and food diary.

  • Counting Calories: This website offers people a way of counting their daily calories.

  • Calculating Weight: This website provides a way for women to calculate their weight maintenance.

  • Proper Portions: This website offers information on eating the proper portions.

  • Serving Conversion Planner: This website provides people a way of calculating their servings of food.

  • Planning Meals: This website allows people to customize their own meals.

  • Calculating BMI: This website permits people to calculate their body mass index.

  • Tools for Glycemic Index: This website provides a table that exposes the glycemic index of favorite foods.

  • Efficiency Calculator: This website allows people to calculate in such a way to maximize the dollars they spend on food.

  • Questionnaire: This website features a questionnaire that allows people to determine the dietary grade of their food consumption.

  • Cholesterol Calculator: This website looks at how people can calculate their ideal LDL cholesterol level.

  • Teen Advice: This website offers information on how teens’ bodies should or should not look.

  • Healthy Dining Finder Website: This website features a way for people to find menu items that have been approved by dietitians.